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Islam Islam Presentation Transcript

  •  
  • Key Ideas
    • Islam
    • “ La ilaha illalla Muhammad rasu lullah”
    • Sharia - divine law
    • Ummah- community
    • Usul al-din - Theological categories common to Shiites
    • a. Tauhid – unity of God
    • b. Nabuwwat –belief in the prophets
    • c. Quiyamat- day of judgement
  • Key persons in the life of the Prophet
    • Muhammad 570-632 ( Amin)
    • Qur’an 96.14
    • Abdullah Ibn Muttalib & Amina bint Wahb -
    • Abu Talib
    • - Ka’ba
    • Kadijah
    • -
  • Timeline of Islamic Civilization
    • 570 Muhammad was born
    • 622 Hegira : Muhammad left Mecca for Medina
    • 630 Mecca surrendered
    • 632-Death of Muhammad
    • 632-661 Palestine, Syria, Egypt and most of Persia
    • 711 cross the Strait Gibraltar
    • 718 South eastern Europe
    • 732 Battle of Tours
    • Spanish Spain
    • 756 Umayyad ruled most of the Iberian peninsula (Cordoba was the capital)
    • 8-13 th c Muslims expand trade and empire (Spain to India to northern Africa)
    • 1380 Arrival 0f ISLAM in the Philippines
  • Islam Political & Religious Succession
    •  
    • Muhammad
    • Abu Bakr (SUNNI) Ali (SHI’ITE)
    • Abu Bakr - first Caliph ( khalifa – successor to assume responsibility of administration but not prophethood)
    •   Ali – cousin of Muhammad
  • Filipino Muslim Perceptions of Their History and Culture As Seen Through Indigenous Written Sources: Samuel Tan
    • Indigenous Sources:
    • Kirim – tarsilas (genealogies) and other manuscripts of the Maguindanao sultanate and datuship
    • Jawi – sources associated with Sulu, Tausug-Sama sultanate and datuship, genealogies, luntar (account) , Kitab (book), surat and alamat
  • Spanish and American Sources:
    • 1878, Jose Montero y Vidal, Guerras Piraticos
    • Historia dela Pirateria Malayo Mahametana en Mindanao y Jolo
    • 1893, Francisco Combes , Historia de Mindanao y Jolo
    • 1889, Juan dela Concepcion, Historia General de Filipinas
    • 1903-1913, David Borrows, A Decade of American Government in the Phil i ppines
    • 1936, Victor Hurleys, Swish of the Kris: The Story of the Moros
  • Impressions from Spanish & American Sources :
    • that the Moros as the colonial sources called them were a degraded race of savages whose only ambition was to plunder, guided strongly by religion based on the teaching of a false prophet which they called Mohammedanism
    • that their lack of civilization underline the need to subjugate and civilize them through Christianity
    • That the Moros are prone to violence and savagery, nevertheless capable of learning ways of civilized societies through gradual democratization
  • Other Sources:
    • 1905, Studies in Moro History, Law, and
    • 1908, Religion & History of Sulu
    • Najeeb M. Salleeby
    • - anchored on the premise that Muslim Islamic traditions proved the existence of civilized society which has utilized armed struggle to preserve Muslim history and culture
    • 2. 1977, Muslims in the Philippines, Cesar Majul
    • -200 correspondences, statements , comments of Sultans, datus, and local leaders from the US National Archives and Library of Congress
    • -Records Management Office and Archives
  • Records show:
    • Saleeby :
    • 1. Genealogy of Mantiri Asip – one of the ministers of Rajah Baginda
    • 2. Genealogy of Rajah Tuan Mashaika– earliest mystics who came to Sulu and the first rulers of Sulu
    • Tuanship - a political institution after or contemporaneous with rajaship before the datuship in 1380
  • Inferences: Philippine Islamization Phases
    • Development of folk Islam
    • - the indigenous process that started from the ancient genesis of the Timuway , Raja, Tuan, Olangkaya and datu to the rise of the Sultanate
    • Gradual shaping of Islamic tradition with the formation of the Sultanate as the central political structure
    • - the Islamization process began with the advent of Tuan Mashaika to the arrival of Karim ul –Makdum and then to the formalization of Islamic institutions under the sultanate.
  • Timeline:
    • Before 1280 - beginning of Early Settlements
    • - Islamic penetration of the indigenous culture from the Indo-Malay world
    • - rise of pre-datuship institutions timuay, raja , tuan
    • 1280 – 1450- emergence and development of Ulangkayaship and datuship
    • 1450-1960 – Advent and Political Evolution of the Sultanate
    • a. Formalization and dominance of Islamic institutions
    • b. Rise and dominance of sultanate 1450-1750 AD
    • c. Decline of the Sultanate 1750-1915
    • d. Political demise of sultanate and datuship 1915-1960
  • Philippne Muslims: Ethno-linguistic groups:
    • Iranun Kalibugan
    • Maguindanaoan Sangil
    • Maranao Molbog
    • Tao-Sug Palawani
    • Sama Badjao
    • Yakan Others: Higaonon,
    • Jama Mapun Subanen, T’boli
    • Ka’agan
  • Issues:
    • Jabidah Massacre
    • 2. MNLF, MILF
    • 3. Bangsamoro