Islam part 1


Published on

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Islam part 1

  1. 1. The Rise and Spread of Islam
  2. 2. Islam <ul><li>While the Byzantines were ruling Asia Minor, a new empire, the Arab empire was taking shape in the south and east. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>This new empire was fueled by a new religion: Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>This new empire quickly conquered vast territories in Southwest Asia and Africa. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This civilization began in Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>We can locate this new kingdom south of the Fertile Crescent, in the great Arabian Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>There, herders called Bedouins lived as nomads, moving their herds from place to place. </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>They were organized in clans ruled by a Sheikh. </li></ul><ul><li>Towns began to appear in the coastal areas and the townspeople became traders. </li></ul><ul><li>The port of Jidda on the red sea received goods from Asia and Africa and transported them overland to Mecca. </li></ul>
  6. 9. Muhammad (PBUH) <ul><li>The prophet of Islam, Muhammad, was born in Mecca in 570 (CE). </li></ul><ul><li>He was orphaned at the age of six. He lived with his grandfather and uncle. </li></ul><ul><li>He was from a respected tribe, but from a poor family. </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>He was, like many others in Mecca, a caravan trader. </li></ul><ul><li>As a trader, Muhammed came in contact with the monotheistic religions around him. </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>The original arabs were mostly polytheistic. </li></ul><ul><li>There were some that were not polytheistic, they weren't christian or Jewish, they just practiced meditation and believed in a single deity. They were called 'Hanifs'. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>When Muhammed was 40 years old, he had a great religious experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammed was visited (so says the Islamic faith) by the angel Jibreel (or Gabriel, in English). </li></ul><ul><li>The angel ordered Muhammed to teach the word of Allah, the One God, to the Arabs. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>The rulers of Mecca bitterly opposed the teachings of Muhammed. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of this rejection had to do because the rulers of Mecca profited from pilgrimages to the Ka'bah, a famous building which hosted statues of many gods. </li></ul>
  11. 14. <ul><li>This opposition became prosecution and Muhammed sent his followers to preach to the city of Yathrib, later called Medina (Al-Madinah). </li></ul><ul><li>The rulers of the city embraced the prophet's ideas and he was invited to settle there. </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>This event is known in islamic faith as Hijra (the flight). </li></ul><ul><li>Many in Yathrib embraced the prophet's ideas and Muhammed became a political and religious leader. </li></ul>
  13. 16. <ul><li>Muhammed's followers, later known as Muslims, began to expand, converting desert tribes to Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammed used these tribes to raid desert caravans going to Mecca, which he had become determined to conquer and convert. </li></ul>
  14. 17. <ul><li>In 630, Muhammed entered Mecca, facing little resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>Muhammed used prudent policies, tolerance and, of course, force, to convert the bedouins to Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>In 632, Muhammed died. By then, a large part of the peninsula had become monotheistic and muslim. </li></ul>
  15. 18. Faith
  16. 19. What do Muslims believe in? <ul><li>The central belief is that there is only one god: &quot;Say God is One; God the Eternal: He did not beget children. </li></ul><ul><li>The main book of the muslim faith is the Qur'an (Koran), these are considered by muslims to have been dictated by god. </li></ul>
  17. 20. The People of the book <ul><li>You'd be surprised that the Quran includes the ancient books of the jewish people and even the teachings of Jesus. </li></ul><ul><li>At first, the muslims referred to christians and jews as 'people of the book' and were considered brothers. </li></ul>