Italy (1919-1939)

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Italy (1919-1939)

  1. 1. ItalyThe Interwar Years (1919-1939)
  2. 2. Benito Mussolini• “Il Duce”• founds National Fascist Party (1919)• developed fascism• March on Rome (1922)• consolidated power
  3. 3. Italy Under Mussolini• totalitarianism –propaganda –festivals and holidays –proud Roman heritage• outlawed opposition
  4. 4. Invasion of Ethiopia (1935)• promote militarism• Ethiopia was an easy target• Haile Selassie – Ethiopian leader –appealed to League of Nations –economic sanctions• international condemnation• no opposition – appeasement
  5. 5. Play-by-Play• 1919 – Mussolini founds the National Fascist Party• 1922 – March on Rome• 1935 – Invasion of Ethiopia
  6. 6. other fascist states…• Spain –Spanish Civil War • Francisco Franco – fascist leader • Hitler tested his new Luftwaffe in aiding Franco • Fascists (aka nationalists)
  7. 7. Francisco Franco

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