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Italy (1919-1939)
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Italy (1919-1939)

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  • 1. ItalyThe Interwar Years (1919-1939)
  • 2. Benito Mussolini• “Il Duce”• founds National Fascist Party (1919)• developed fascism• March on Rome (1922)• consolidated power
  • 3. Italy Under Mussolini• totalitarianism –propaganda –festivals and holidays –proud Roman heritage• outlawed opposition
  • 4. Invasion of Ethiopia (1935)• promote militarism• Ethiopia was an easy target• Haile Selassie – Ethiopian leader –appealed to League of Nations –economic sanctions• international condemnation• no opposition – appeasement
  • 5. Play-by-Play• 1919 – Mussolini founds the National Fascist Party• 1922 – March on Rome• 1935 – Invasion of Ethiopia
  • 6. other fascist states…• Spain –Spanish Civil War • Francisco Franco – fascist leader • Hitler tested his new Luftwaffe in aiding Franco • Fascists (aka nationalists)
  • 7. Francisco Franco