Record A record can take in many forms. From a note book to a photograph, an interview to a film, the success of a record depends on the appropriateness of the medium that is chosen. You can keep a record in many ways for example, using written words, a camera or an audio recorder. Keeping a record could also involve making a sketch, painting or completing a form. These are examples of a medium.
Printing started on Mesopotamia around 3000BC where they started duplicating images using round cylinder seals for rolling and pressing the image carved on the cylinder onto clay tablets.
In both China and Egypt they started block printing with small stamps for seals.
One of the earliest forms is cave painting. It was discovered in a cave at Dunhuang. The cave men used to paint images in the cave walls. Also block printing originated in Arabic Egypt during the 9th century.
Print block were made out of wood, metals such as tine, lead and cats iron as well as stone, glass and clay.
Soon Europeans adapted to wooden block printing from the Arabs initially for fabrics.
History of audio www.recording-history.org 1857 The first recording devices were scientific instruments used to capture and study sound waves. These devices were capable of recording voices and other sounds long before the phonograph. The most famous of these was Leon Scott's Phonoautograph. 1877 One of the earliest forms of recording audio is Edison's phonographs. A sheet of thick tinfoil, wrapped around cylinder is indented by a stylus attached to diaphragm . This hand-cranked machine was of the type used to demonstrate the principle. Production models had provisions for keeping the speed constant and other improvements. After some experimentation, he turned instead to a device that could record straight from the air instead of relying on a telephone connection. This line of inquiry resulted in the construction of the first functional phonograph.
1900s For the home consumer, the phonograph (or, as it was often called outside the U.S., the gramophone), was the only widely owned sound recording or reproducing technology through the end of World War II. But in recording studios, particularly in the radio and movie industries, times were changing. There were numerous attempts to record sound as a visible record rather than a groove, dating from the late 19th century. None was commercially successful until the early 1920s, when several firms introduced sound recording systems that recorded sound onto photographic film. They were all intended to be used with motion pictures, which had emerged as a major money maker in the 1910s. 1940s The first consumer magnetic recorders appeared in this period. Inexpensive wire recorders, developed more-or-less independently of the Europeans, were introduced around 1946 and proved to be a short-lived hit. When the first cheap tape recorders appeared around 1948, they quickly stole the market. Millions of them were sold during the 1950s as part of a ‘boom’ in ‘hi-fi’, although many owners reported that they made little use of them.
1957 in 1957-8 RCA introduced a recorder with a super-compact tape head that stacked four heads in the place of just two, allowing a stereo tape to be flipped over and played on both sides like a mono tape. These large "four track" tape cartridges could not be played on either of the other two stereo systems. This lack of compatibility, combined with the high price of stereo tapes, discouraged sales. 1990 This was when the digital devices were began to be invented. iSDN telephone links are offered for high-end studio use. Dolby proposes a 5 channel surround scheme for home theatre systems. The write-once CD-R becomes a commercial reality. 3M introduces 996 mastering a 13 Db improvement over Scotch 111. 1990 The first ‘solid-state’ audio recorder, the Nagra ARES-C is introduced. It is a battery –operated field unit recording on PCMCIA cards using MPEG-2 audio compression. Lomega debuts high capacity ‘jaz’ and ‘zip’ drives useful as removable storage media for hard-disk recording.
199 7 DVD videodiscs and players were introduced . An audio version with 6 channel surround sound is to supplant the CD as the chosen playback medium in the home. 2000 On going success and development of sound development such as portable recording systems like MP3, MP4 players, iPod, Computer etc.
History of filming Before the 1930s, the films were black and white and you couldn’t hear sound when to play back. However during the 30s, it was the decade of the sound as well as colour revolution. This is when the development of colour was defiantly up and improved. Inventors were searching ways to include colour in every film and media. Videotape recorder was the tool to success . In the 1920s, an American engineer named Philp Farnsworth invented a television camera, a tool that converts into an electrical signal that could be viewed on screen. iventors.about.com www.filmsite.org
Today Development in technology have broadened the variety and scope of record media. You can record and view using digital technology or through the internet. T.V programmes are no longer available only through a television set, but as on-demand downloadable media files on the internet. The development of personal recording systems such as video, CD and DVD added a whole new dimension to the process of recording a film director can now show, not only their feature film on DVD, but cinema trailers, interviews etc.