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The direct method udelma

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direct methods and its characteristics

direct methods and its characteristics

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  • 1.  The 4 skills should be taught from the very beginning using L2 Objects will be used to explain meanings L1 is not allowed in the classroom The Tch should DEMONSTRATE not translate and should avoid explaining Sts should learn to think in L2 ASAP The purpose of language learning is COMMUNICATION
  • 2.  Pronunciation should be taught from the beginning and emphasized as well Self-correction (it facilitates language learning) Conversational activities are a must since the sts may use L2 in natural and real contexts Grammar should be taught INDUCTIVELY The syllabus is based on topics and situations Learning another Lg involves learning about the culture and living in those countries where L2 is the native lg.
  • 3.  What are the goals of a tch who uses DM? To teach sts how to communicate effectively in L2, to do so they need to think in L2 (critical thinking, challenging activities, etc) What is the role of the tch and the sts? They do the class together since they both have to participate and communicate using L2
  • 4.  What does DM emphasize? It emphasizes vocabulary over grammar, communication over reading What about evaluation? Evaluation is also direct, it means the tch asks and the sts answer, the tch asks them to write a paragraph and then both check it and correct it
  • 5.  What are some characteristics of the learning/teaching process? Meaning association Use of realia, pictures or pantomime The tch never translates The class is based on real situations (everyday lg) Grammar is taught inductively (an explicit grammar rule may never be given) Vocabulary practice is done within complete sentences
  • 6.  Reading aloud (passages, short texts, etc) Q & A exercises (oral or written) Peer-correction, self-correction (giving them alternatives) Conversation practice Fill in the blanks Dictation Map drawing (listening exercises)
  • 7.  Which levels do you think GTM and DM are more appropriate? To teach vocabulary in 5th and 11th grade… which method would you use? Why? What resources do you need to teach each method? Which method suits you better? Why?
  • 8.  Create an activity for teaching vocabulary and grammar. Include the objectives of the activity and the closing of it (checking). You may use GTM or DM but without telling the class which one, so your classmates will discover it and discuss if it was or not the most appropriate one.

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