Grammar Translation Method On Language Teaching

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Grammar Translation Method On Language Teaching

  1. 1. Grammar Translation Method On Language Teaching
  2. 2. 1.Goals of Teachers <ul><li>Real goal of learning L2 is to be able to read literature </li></ul><ul><li>To read literature,students need to learn grammar rules and vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Studying a foreign language provides good mental exercise. </li></ul>
  3. 3.   2.Roles of Teachers <ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher talking time is more (teacher centered) </li></ul>
  4. 4. 3.Roles of Students <ul><li>Students do what teacher says </li></ul><ul><li>Students are passive </li></ul>
  5. 5. 4.Characteristics of Teaching & Learning Process <ul><li>Characteristics of Teaching & Learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Translation from L1-L2, L2-L1 </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar deductively </li></ul><ul><li>Memorize vocabulary L1=L2 </li></ul>
  6. 6. 5.Student-Teacher Interaction <ul><li>Students-teacher interaction (mostly) </li></ul><ul><li>Students initation is little </li></ul><ul><li>6.Student-Student Interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Student-student interaction is little </li></ul>
  7. 7. 7.Dealing with Students’ Feelings <ul><li>No Principles </li></ul><ul><li>8.View of Language </li></ul><ul><li>Literary language is superior to spoken language </li></ul>
  8. 8. 9.View of Culture <ul><li>Limited literature & fine arts of L2 </li></ul>
  9. 9. 10.Emphasis on Areas of Language <ul><li>Vocabulary and grammar(teaching the form) = form based </li></ul><ul><li>11. Emphasis on Language Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Reading and writing </li></ul><ul><li>Little attention to listening,pronunciation and speaking </li></ul>
  10. 10. 12.Role of L1 <ul><li>Classroom language is L1 </li></ul><ul><li>Meaning of L2 is made clear by translation into L1 </li></ul>
  11. 11. 13.Evaluation <ul><li>Written tests ( students translate from L1 to L2, L2 to L1) </li></ul><ul><li>Questions about L2 and applying grammar rules </li></ul>
  12. 12. 14.Teacher’s response to Students’ error <ul><li>Incorrect answers are corrected by the teacher immediately </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that student must get the correct answer by oneself </li></ul>
  13. 13. 15.Techniques <ul><li>Translation of a literary passage from L1-L2 or L2-L1 </li></ul><ul><li>Reading comprehension questions </li></ul><ul><li>Information questions </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehension questions (making inference)about their own experience </li></ul><ul><li>Cognates memorization (meaning-spelling) </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Antonyms-synonyms (words are L1) </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar rules are given with examples: </li></ul><ul><li>-Exceptions stated directly </li></ul><ul><li>-students use grammar rules in </li></ul><ul><li>-examples </li></ul><ul><li>-memorization (vocabulary,grammar rules) </li></ul><ul><li>They use the words which are in sentences to show they understand the meaning of word </li></ul><ul><li>Writing composition in target language about a topic which is given </li></ul>

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