The PowerMatcher - making the electricity grid smarter - Aldo Eisma
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The PowerMatcher - making the electricity grid smarter - Aldo Eisma

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OSGi Community Event 2013 (http://www.osgi.org/CommunityEvent2013/Schedule) ...

OSGi Community Event 2013 (http://www.osgi.org/CommunityEvent2013/Schedule)

ABSTRACT
Today’s energy market is rapidly changing. The percentage of renewable energy is growing fast, and more and more energy consumers are also generating energy. However, renewable energy sources, like solar and wind are uncontrollable and not always accurately predictable. To avoid black-outs and other problems, the electricity grid must become smarter.

In this talk I will present the PowerMatcher smart grid concept, and how its rapid adoption is enabled by OSGi and Eclipse technologies, as demonstrated in the Couperus field trial in the Netherlands.

The PowerMatcher is an innovative approach for smart coordination in the electricity grid, a scalable multi-agent system that optimizes distributed generation, storage and use of electrical energy.

In 2012, the development of a reference implementation for PowerMatcher on OSGi was started, and the result is now available under a research license from the newly founded Flexiblepower Alliance Network. The OSGi's service, component and configuration model enable rapid development of PowerMatcher solutions, from simulation to assembly and distributed deployment. Messaging between distributed agents is supported with Eclipse Paho, and a simulation toolkit has been developed using the Eclipse Rich Client Platform.

The first field deployment that is using the new reference implementation for PowerMatcher is the Couperus Smart Grid project, a new housing project with 300 energy efficient apartment homes equipped with an individual heat pump for heating and cooling. The PowerMatcher controls the heat pumps in such a way that it compensates generation imbalance of a wind turbine, within the capacity constraints of the local grid.

Please join us in making the electricity grid smarter!

SPEAKER BIO
Aldo Eisma is a solution architect at IBM, currently focusing on innovation in energy management. He has led the development of the initial version of the PowerMatcher reference implemention and its field trial in the Couperus Smart Grid project. His past work includes development of RFID and sensor solutions and middleware products, contributions to the Eclipse Service Oriented Device Architecture, and IBM's Java runtime technologies and tools.

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The PowerMatcher - making the electricity grid smarter - Aldo Eisma The PowerMatcher - making the electricity grid smarter - Aldo Eisma Presentation Transcript

  • EclipseCon Europe 2013 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter Aldo Eisma, Solution Architect IBM Global Business Services, Netherlands © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The energy transition is the shift to sustainable economies through renewable energy, energy efficiency and sustainable development. Coal/Natural Gas Solar Energy Storage UTILITY Hydroelectric Nuclear UTILITY Wind Coal/Natural Gas Energy Storage Nuclear Wind Hydroelectric Solar Energy Storage Solar Plug-in Vehicle Traditional Consumer Power Flow Periodic Information Flow Continuous Information Flow Wind Smart Grid So, what's so smart about the Smart Grid? 2 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The percentage of renewable energy is growing quickly, but the power grid is not ready… Energy is not always generated when it is needed. – Generation peak does not match consumption. – Imbalance due to forecasting errors. Energy is not always generated where it is needed. – Transportation losses – Congestion – Power quality This is threatening to destabilize power grids all across Europe 2012: 28 % wind power Denmark France, Germany and Belgium 2020: 50 % wind power On the weekend of 15th and 16th of June, Belgium experienced 14 hours of negative electricity prices, with a three hour peak at -200 €/MWh, when the average spot market is usually around 50€/MWh. Source: EcoGrid EU - A Prototype for European Smart Grids 3 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The energy transition drives a transformation of the industry Asset Management … could predict impending asset failure & prevent costly downtime? Customer service … could offer personalized guidance on energy usage patterns and incentives to reduce consumption? Enterprise Analytics … could make better business decisions using accurate data across all time horizons: past, present and future? Distribution & Operations Government, Risk & Compliance … could predict & manage outages based on history of sensor & meter data and environmental factors? Network planning …could reduce risk across the enterprise and predict regulatory events before they become an issue? … could optimize capital expenditure to maximize the value to your operations? 4 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The approach of IBM for the transformation of distribution is to build and operate Virtual Power Plants, where predictive and reactive optimization is used to meet grid and trading objectives. The VPP locally aggregates flexible Distributed Energy Resources – Combined Heat Power and Fuel Cells – Heat pump and domestic water heating – Electric vehicle – Battery – Household appliances –… Source: Greenpeace Minimize grid impact Maximize trading flexibility 5 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Our VPP concept uses PowerMatcher™ for reactive optimization – a multiagent system that uses a real-time market-based approach Source: Koen Kok, The PowerMatcher: Smart Coordination for the Smart Electricity Grid http://dare.ubvu.vu.nl/bitstream/1871/43567/1/dissertation.pdf 6 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The PowerMatcher matches supply with demand in a radial network, taking network constraints into account (Battery demand function) bid updates 1 bid updates n price updates A bid is an expression of an agent’s intended instant demand and/or supply (negative demand) as a function of the price. The price is the amount to be paid by agents for demand (or paid to agents in case of supply) per volume unit. 7 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 1 n price updates The auctioneer calculates the equilibrium price at which supply matches demand. A concentrator is an interior node which aggregates bids received from agents further down the grid. A concentrator may transform bid and price to satisfy local network constraints. © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The PowerMatcher Information Protocol The PowerMatcher Information Protocol defines the standard. In 2012, Alliander, IBM and TNO initiated the development of a (draft) protocol standard and a reference implementation for PowerMatcher, as the basis for future projects. 8 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Requirements for the PowerMatcher Reference Implementation Run anywhere in the grid, from home to server, as well as in a simulator environment. Scalable from simulator to large-scale deployments. Highly modular - assembly of PowerMatcher clusters from components. Dynamic model, supporting runtime updates of software and configuration. Vendor neutral, heterogeneous environments, open source-able. OSGi™ - The Dynamic Module System for Java™ 9 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Component life cycle - auctioneer, concentrator and device agents are created and configured as OSGi managed factory components @Component(name = ConcentratorComponent.COMPONENT_NAME, designateFactory = ConcentratorComponentConfiguration.class) public class ConcentratorComponent extends Concentrator { ... 10 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • The PowerMatcher configuration system 11 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Connecting an agent to its matcher is declarative and follows the “whiteboard” pattern 1. An adapter factory component is instantiated that tracks the PowerMatcher roles. 2. The agent registers the service for the agent role. 3. The matcher registers the service for the matcher role. 4. The adapter factory connects agents to matchers, filtering on agent and matcher. configuration properties. 12 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Supporting multiple protocols and protocol implementations Is plug-and-play thanks to the OSGi service and component model and the application of the whiteboard pattern. For example: wide-band and narrow-band messaging protocol and transport. 13 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Distributed deployment is supported by the MQ Telemetry Transport publish/subscribe messaging protocol See http://mqtt.org 14 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • OSGi configuration in a distributed deployment 15 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Auxiliary whiteboard services Scalability – Scheduling services – thread pool Simulations – Time services – actual time versus simulated time – Time acceleration … 16 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Field test 2013-2014: Couperus Smart Grid, The Hague Couperus Ypenburg is a new development project of 300 highly energy efficient homes using groundsource heat pumps for heating and cooling. The PowerMatcher objective is to use the energy flexibility of the heat pumps to – compensate market imbalance of a small wind turbine park, – within the capacity constraints of the local grid, – without compromising the comfort of the home owner. See http://www.agentschapnl.nl/content/couperus-smart-grid 17 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Couperus PowerMatcher data for 2013-04-17 18 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • PowerMatcher in the Flexiblepower Alliance Network The Flexiblepower Alliance Network (FAN) is an open industry alliance for the development and promotion of semantic (de facto) standards, with respect to communication of and communication with energy consuming and producing devices for end users. These standards will facilitate the emergence and use of energy services, on a uniform, accessible and cost-effective manner. See http://www.flexiblepower.org/ 19 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation
  • Thank you! 20 The PowerMatcher – making the electricity grid smarter – ECE2013 © 2013 IBM Corporation