4 cired2013 distributed energy resources

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4 cired2013 distributed energy resources

  1. 1. Voorbereidingsdag CIRED Congres 20138 mei 2013Sessie 4: DISTRIBUTED ENERGY RESOURCESAND ENERGY EFFICIENCYWil Kling, TU Eindhoven
  2. 2. Session 4 – Distributed energy resources and theefficient utilisation of electricityScopeElectricity distribution has a key role to play in delivering solutions thatcan be applied to electricity networks achieving the objectives ofreduce carbon emissions, improve energy efficiency and develop moresustainable means of producing electricity,Of particular importance is identifying the best opportunities brought bynew technology and information processing to help connect renewablegeneration more quickly and cheaper, while maintaining safety andensure security of supply.The papers in Session 4 cover new techniques for power systemmodelling, operational control and decision support. Additionally thepapers share results from trial and demonstration activities.The 118 accepted papers for the session are grouped accordingly intothe 4 blocks.
  3. 3. Block 1: DG/DER Planning & StudiesThemes:─ DG/DER Integration Problems and Solutions─ Hybrid Energy Systems─ Energy Storage─ Probabilistic Planning Techniques─ DC Supply Systems─ DG Network Support─ Asymmetry and Harmonics─ Protection and Dynamics─ Loss Calculation and Minimisation─ Demand Response─ Active Network Management─ Carbon Tracing─ DG MonitoringFor this block, 39 papers were selected, out of which 6 (4) werechosen for presentation in the main session, 6 (3) in the R&Dsession and 27 (3) papers will be presented in the poster session.
  4. 4. Block 2: DG/DER Operation and ControlThemes:─ Results from trial projects─ Price based DER dispatch and control─ Virtual Power Plant and Aggregation─ Smart grid control architectures─ Market integration of DER─ Voltage control─ Distribution System Analysis for NetworkManagement─ Energy Storage─ Loss of Mains Protection─ Ancillary Services from DER─ Hybrid energy system planning andoperationFor this block, 30 papers were selected, out of which 6 (5) werechosen for presentation in the main session, 7 (6) in the R&Dsession and 17 (3) papers will be presented in the poster session.
  5. 5. Block 3: Customer side developmentsThemes:─ Demand response─ Electric vehicles (EV)─ Energy efficiency─ Load modelling and forecasting─ ICT architectureFor this block, 23 papers were selected, out of which 6 (4) werechosen for presentation in the main session, 5 (5) papers will bepresented in the R&D session and 12 (4) papers in the postersession.
  6. 6. Block 4: DG/DER technologyThemes:─ Energy storage─ PV generation─ Wind generation─ CHP generation─ Active distribution network management under DG/DERpresence─ DER connection infrastructure─ Energy management and smart metering─ DER coordination technologiesFor this block, 26 papers were selected, out of which 6 (4) werechosen for presentation in the main session, 3 (3) papers will bepresented in the R&D session and 17 (2) papers will bepresented in the poster session.
  7. 7. Block 1: DG/DER Planning & StudiesI will discuss;─ Presented papers 0315, 0510,1073, and 1327─ R&D papers 0826,1381, and 1402─ Poster papers 0380, 0405, and 0713
  8. 8. RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YESIn this paper the ability of a battery energy storage to increase theamount of wind power that can be connected to a distributionnetwork is studies. It is found that about 40% of overloadinginstances can be prevented with the storage.
  9. 9. RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATE (DENSE INFORMATION)IMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: IF INTERESTED IN STORAGE IN LV SYSTEMSThis paper evaluates distributed energy storage integrationpossibilities (domestic versus community/roadside) using geneticalgorithms and concludes that the multiple benefits of domesticenergy storage (e.g. generation energy capture, peak shaving andloss reduction) can make energy storage installations cost effective.
  10. 10. This paper addresses the question of business models for DSOsthat would encourage EV adoption and argues that a DSOcentered model would provide the best approach to installing andoperating the EV charging infrastructure and grid integration in atimely manner to support EV uptake.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: HIGH (COMPARABLE APPROACH)READING ADVICE: IF INTERESTED IN EV CHARGING YES
  11. 11. This paper introduces an enhanced Active Network Management(ANM) scheme with a focus on optimising power flows in differentpoints in time (optimisation-horizon). A technique called DynamicOptimal Power Flow (DOPF) is presented with using forecasts ofrenewable energy sources such as wind power. An example of aDOPF simulation provides a useful tool for the design of schedulingschemes in Active Network Management.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES (NOT IN DETAIL LEVEL)
  12. 12. This paper presents a stochastic mixed integer optimization for theday-ahead scheduling problem in a price varying retail market andshows that prosumers can create value in terms of cost savingsthrough a flexible demand side. The proposed framework is genericin the sense that it addresses different energy carriers anddistributed energy resources.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATE (THE INVESTIGATEDCASE STUDY IS ABOUT A UNIVERSITY BUILDING IN NORWAY)READING ADVICE: MODERATE
  13. 13. This paper introduces modeling approaches to secure operation ofthe network and maintain stability regarding increasing renewablegeneration. Three core modeling steps are unit scheduling model,system dynamic model, and multi-objective system developmentoptimization model that will be requited to inform the designparameters of the Active Network Management Scheme.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES
  14. 14. This paper presents results of simulation studies of the potentialcost savings of electricity customers by adapting to the hourlypricing scheme based on the day-ahead NordPool spot market as acase study. The paper concludes that there is insufficient benefit forresponsive ‘wet’ appliances but more significant gains to be madein responsive demand of electrical heating devices.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: LOW (SIMILAR WORK EXISTSALREADY)READING ADVICE: MODERATE
  15. 15. This paper presents an evaluation of technical PV grid integrationsolutions form the ‘PV GRID’ project in three categories:Distribution System Operator solutions; Prosumer solutions; andInteractive solutions (that require communications and controlacross a wide area).RELEVANCE OF WORK: VERY HIGH (EU PROJECT)QUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: HIGHREADING ADVICE: YES (ALTHOUGH NO RESULTS YET)
  16. 16. This paper aims to use network reconfiguration as a solution forincreasing penetration of DGs (PV) while optimise investment onswitching devices and operation costs. Genetic Algorithm is used tosolve optimisation problems in a real 400V (70 nodes) test network.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATE (NOT NEW)QUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: NO (ISSUE APPEARS NOT SOOFTEN)READING ADVICE: WHEN INTERESTED IN VOLTAGE ISSUES
  17. 17. This paper presents a technique for energy storage optimal sitingand sizing in parallel with consideration of new circuit options andthat independently operated multifunction energy storage ispreferable to DSO operated energy storage. The cost of differentoptions from a case study are compared.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATE (THEORETICALAPPROACH)READING ADVICE: FOR ACADEMICS YES
  18. 18. Block 2: DG/DER Operation and ControlI will discuss;─ Presented papers 0230, 0316, 0494, 0659, and 1389─ R&D papers 0267, 0674, 0852, 0993, 1278, and 1320─ Poster papers 0309, 0711, and 1126
  19. 19. This paper provides an overview of case studies conducted in 2012and 2013 by EPRI Smart Grid Demonstration Initiative. A briefsummary about results and lessons learned are introduced to yieldinsights on emerging technologies, customer responses to priceand new technology, and remained research challenges.RELEVANCE OF WORK: GOOD (PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES)QUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YES (GOOD LESSONS LEARNED)READING ADVICE: YES
  20. 20. This paper describes different aspects of the RiesLing projectfeaturing MV voltage estimation from LV measurements, LVvoltage control, communication and Grid state estimation andforecasting.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YES (BUT PROJECT ONLY JUSTSTARTED)READING ADVICE: YES
  21. 21. This paper presents the results of field trials of different DG reactivepower voltage control approaches in EDF distribution networks.The results show the impact of different scheme options such ascontrol droops, deadbands, integrating the local control into the DGcontrollers and modified reference signals to avoid interaction withsubstation voltage control equipment.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: NO, RURAL MV NETWORKSREADING ADVICE: NO
  22. 22. This paper introduces some improvements from the operatingActive Network Management (ANM) scheme on the OrkneyIslands, UK. This second generation ANM includes enhancementsto communication, real time ratings and voltage management, anew energy storage park, demand side management, small-scalegenerators and distribution state estimation.RELEVANCE OF WORK: GOODQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES
  23. 23. This paper presents results from Norwegian smart grid trial projectswith an emphasis on smart meters and the associated ICTinfrastructure. The issue of risks and threats to this infrastructureare discussed along with various lessons learned from the trial andimplementation activities.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATE (SMART METERINGINTRODUCTION)QUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: NOT HIGHREADING ADVICE: IF INTERESTED IN SMART GRID PILOTS
  24. 24. This paper presents the results of experiments with price basedcontrol of wind, solar, heat demand and energy storage unitscontrolled in response to the dynamic prices in the NordPool and alocal power exchange price and the simplicity of the approach isillustrated. The setting of the price deadband is shown to have aflipping effect on the control of the DER units.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: YES FOR ACADEMICS
  25. 25. This paper presents details of an electric vehicle impactassessment trial currently being undertaken in Dublin. The trialinvolves three stages but only first stage is finished. It investigatedby simulation the potential impact from electric vehicle charging onthe operating conditions of existing residential network.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATE (NOT NEW)QUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: WHEN INTERESTED IN EV IMPACT
  26. 26. This paper addresses the potential of energy storage and demandresponse to defer network capacity investments through anoptimisation approach where energy storage location and capacity isoptimised and where ‘wet’ appliance operation can be shifted in time.The findings are that Demand Response of wet appliances providesgood potential capacity for investment deferral (several years) withgood overall economic value (under certain assumptions).RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: MODERATE
  27. 27. This paper presents an optimization approach to electricity andheat network development and operation and applies this to aGerman city area case study which seems to show that the casefor district-based versus individual heat pump based systems isfinely balanced in terms of lifetime costs.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATE BUT SOUND WORKQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: IF INTERESTED IN COMBINED ELECTRICITY ANDHEAT OPTIMIZATION
  28. 28. This paper proposes a framework to support DSOs in identifyingthe appropriate control strategy coping with stochastic nature of theintegrated intermittent distributed generation. This planning andcontrol framework includes three main steps: network andresources aggregation (model reduction), probabilistic optimalpower flow, and Multi-agent System for autonomous control.RELEVANCE OF WORK: GOODQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES
  29. 29. This paper presents results of an assessment of the potential forhydrogen based energy storage to provide essential couplingbetween electricity, heat and gas networks. The paper draws outthe difference in application between urban and rural areas in termsof capacity of installed equipment and role of the storage.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATE (DENSE INFORMATION)IMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: NO
  30. 30. This paper presents the results of an software agent approach toscheduling and dispatch within a commercial Virtual Power Plant (VPP)and demonstrates the strength of the approach while highlighting thekey factors in successful operation of CHP units, EVs and Heat Pumpswithin the VPP.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: OF COURSE (DUTCH PAPER)READING ADVICE: YES
  31. 31. This paper proposed a combined power flow and voltage controlbased on forecasting the effect of MV/LV tap changer control and ifnot feasible then using energy storage to resolve voltage andthermal capacity violations based on a look-up table approach.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES IF INTERESTED IN VOLTAGE PROBLEMS INLV NETWORKS
  32. 32. This paper addresses the impact of flexible demand integrated intoelectricity markets on overall system demand, prices, generationcosts, demand payments and wind curtailment. The investigatedtechnologies include: electric vehicles, electric heat pumps (withthermal energy storage) and ‘wet’ appliances.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGH (IN TERMS OF MARKET INTEGRATIONOF FLEXIBLE ELECTRICAL LOADS)QUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: YES
  33. 33. Block 3: Customer side developmentsI will discuss;─ Presented papers 0199, 0288, 0507, and 0884─ R&D papers 0224, 0648, 1208, 1277, and 1436─ Poster papers 0094, 0241, 0506, and 0959
  34. 34. This paper examines ICT architecture for smart EV charging,implemented for demonstration purposes by a distribution networkoperator in the Netherlands. The main properties of thisarchitecture include flexibility to deal with future changes regardingthe market model for public EV charging, and addressing privacyconcerns of EV users.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: HIGHREADING ADVICE: YES
  35. 35. This paper outlines a deployment architecture for meeting thesustainability requirements of Stockholm City. Key features of thisinitiative are (a) limit the energy consumption of each residentialbuilding and (b) produce a minimum percentage of the demandrequirements by renewable generation.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES
  36. 36. This paper investigates a control algorithm for primary frequencyresponse by refrigerator systems in the UK. In contrast withnumerous control schemes in the literature, the proposed controllermaintains the load diversity of a population of refrigerators, byrandomising the trigger frequency of each individual refrigerator.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATE (SIMILAR WORK EXISTS)QUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: LOW (MORE RELEVANT FOR UKASYNCHRONOUS SYSTEM)READING ADVICE: MODERATE
  37. 37. This paper presents a methodology that characterizes the loadprofile of each electricity consumer, according to its daily loadcurves for each period. This approach has been based on fieldassessments of consumer behaviour and ownership ofequipment/appliances.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: MODERATE (LIMITED ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS)
  38. 38. This paper describes the application of a modified maximumrectangle algorithm to determine the optimal starting times forcharging electric cars and night storage heating devices to flattenthe load curve. In the presented simulations, the proposedapproach exhibits a small error (<5%) with respect to the globaloptimum, but also much lower computational requirements.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES FOR INFORMATION
  39. 39. This paper addresses the problem of minimizing the electricity costof EV operation, accounting for both temporal and spatialdimensions. The latter is achieved by adopting a minimum cost-flow approach, where the mapping of the mobility pattern isassessed via time variable flows between the individual networknodes.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: NOT HIGHREADING ADVICE: ONLY FOR ACADEMICS
  40. 40. This paper discusses two approaches for predicting the thermalbehaviour of self adapting buildings, the state space model and theneural network approach, as well as different algorithms foroptimization of HVAC schedules. It is reported that neural networkmodels need a wider range of training data, but also need minimuminformation about the physical characteristics of the building.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: FOR ACADEMICS ON BUILDING PERFORMANCE
  41. 41. This paper addresses the problem associated with a high density ofPV generation in low voltage grids by making use of the loadshifting and load influencing potentials in households. The goal isto achieve a local generation/load balance. In the current stage ofthe study, the composition of different household types, thenumbers of different devices in each type, and their flexibility limitshave been defined.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: MODERATE (NO RESULTS ARE INCLUDED)
  42. 42. This paper proposes a method to analyse and locate the demandside integration potential of urban areas using GeographicInformation Systems (GIS)-based digital city maps in combinationwith usage-based characteristic data on the typical power installedin buildings for HVAC. Because of the inherent connection to a GISbased data set, the results can be easily displayed in maps.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: MODERATE
  43. 43. This paper presents a decision support system for integratedmanagement of energy efficient buildings, intending to assistbuilding operators to meet their needs in a more efficient, lesscostly, and less CO2 intensive manner.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: BADIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: NO
  44. 44. This paper presents the ICT infrastructure for a Smart Grid projectwith consumer interaction in the city of Zwolle, the Netherlands. Itdescribes the privacy and security enhancing measures applied toensure a positive sum of necessary functionality and respect forconsumer’s privacy and secure business operation.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YES (DUTCH PILOT)READING ADVICE: YES
  45. 45. This paper describes the development of a Home EnergyController (HEC), which not only coordinates (smart) appliances ina building to exploit local optimization potentials, but also offersflexibility to the distribution network operator to maintain a efficientlyfunctioning grid, by issuing suitable incentives and steering signalsfordemand response actions.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES BUT A BIT ACADEMIC
  46. 46. In this paper, the operation of a load aggregator is simulated on theSwedish island of Gotland with different wind penetrationconditions, in order to test two different business models, oneoriented to price following and the other oriented to wind following.The results confirm that in the present conditions the price followingstrategy is the one that leads to higher profits, but generates somepower quality issues and also increases the network power losses.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: IF INTERESTED IN AGGREGATORS
  47. 47. Block 4: DG/DER technologyI will discuss;─ Presented papers 0583, 0876, 1145, and 1172─ R&D papers 0551, 0856, and 1221─ Poster papers 0180, and 1470
  48. 48. This paper provides a detailed technical description and explores thebenefits of a smart storage unit operated by a distribution networkoperator in a Dutch low voltage distribution network. The storage unitenables applications such as the increase of local PV consumption,improvement of reliability and flexibility, reduction of losses, andincrease of the utilization of local network infrastructure.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHTHE (PAPER PRESENTS THESPECIFICATIONS OF THE INSTALLED SYSTEM)QUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: HIGHREADING ADVICE: YES (ONGOING RESEARCH, RESULTS NOT YETAVAILABLE)
  49. 49. This paper reports the results of a pilot test involving the deployment ofin-home displays in 91 households in Norway. Customers of the testgroup exhibited a significantly higher tendency to reduce theirelectricity consumption due to updated feedback, with respect to therespective behaviour observed in a control group of 42 Households.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YES (COMPARABLE WITH IPINPROJECTS)READING ADVICE: YES
  50. 50. Under Active Network Management (ANM) scheme, this paperintroduces an application of PMU to simplify the way of integratingdistributed generation in a pilot project. Proposed Angle ConstraintActive Management (ACAM) approach compares real-time angledifferences with values defined in off-line simulations to ensurenetwork security with power injection from non-firm wind farm.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES (INTERESTING PMU‘S APPLICATION INDISTRIBUTION NETWORKS)
  51. 51. This paper describes the overall setup and main components of apilot project in a Swedish distribution network involving a batteryenergy storage system. The main applications of the batteryinstallation include peak shaving, power factor correction, lossesreduction and harmonic mitigation.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YES (TO COMPARE WITH DUTCHRESULTS)READING ADVICE: YES IF INTERESTED IN STORAGE IN LV SYSTEMS
  52. 52. Paper investigates a smart switch panel (SSP) for theinterconnection between DNOs and small scale DERs. Thepresented device reduces required installation spaces and costs,supplies power continuously in cases of distribution networkfailures, and enables trading of electricity and ancillary serviceswith the DNO and other customers.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: GOODIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: FOR ACADEMICS
  53. 53. Paper investigates the performance of two short-term PVforecasting models based on historical data a 200 kWc solar plantlocated in the south-east of France. It is reported that satisfactoryperformances can be expected from the proposed models, whencalibrated with no more than one or two weeks of training data.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: NOREADING ADVICE: NO
  54. 54. This paper discusses a collaborative initiative to develop standardfunctions and a standard language for grid integration of smartsolar and storage inverters. It also presents three of the advancedinverter control standard functions that were identified usingsimulation of a North American distribution network containinglarge solar PV installations, and demonstrates their satisfyingvoltage Performance.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: YES IF INTERESTED IN INVERTER FEATURES
  55. 55. This paper proposes a scheme for optimising the internal aircirculation of an integrated storage system. It is demonstrated thatthe losses during a high power discharge/charge cycle can beeffectively absorbed by the thermal inertia of the storage device,and that by placing the system partially underground, would have avery modest environmental impact while enhancing temperaturestability.RELEVANCE OF WORK: MODERATEQUALITY OF WRITING: MODERATEIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: MODERATEREADING ADVICE: YES (DUTCH WORK)
  56. 56. This paper describes recent results from two field trials and three largesimulation studies using a market-ready DER coordination technologybased on dynamic pricing. The results show that this technologyimproves the wholesale market position of energy trade and supplybusinesses, contributes to active management of distribution networks,raises the systems accommodation ceiling for renewable powergeneration, and is scalable to mass-application levels.RELEVANCE OF WORK: HIGHQUALITY OF WRITING: GOOD OVERVIEW PAPERIMPORTANT FOR NETHERLANDS: YESREADING ADVICE: YES

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