Settlers in the New World LEQ: How and Why did England attempt to establish colonies in North America
First English Settlements 10/31/11 Bell Ringer • Grab a BLUE book and look at the time line on page 57. How do you think the struggle between England and Spain might have affected the 1st English Settlements in N.C?
DO NOW• Give me 4 or 5 things you would fear if you were setting out to colonize a new world? What would some of the dangers you might encounter?
Important people to knowRichard Grenville Sailed from Plymouth, England through the West Indies and arrived at Cape Lookout on June 23, and later to Roanoke Island.Simon Fernandez Ran the Tiger, one of Queen Elizabeth’s best ships aground in a sandbar and reached Roanoke in Late July.Thomas Harriot A scientist on board Grenville’s shipJohn WhiteRalph LaneWingina
Important people to knowRichard Grenville Sailed from Plymouth, England through the West Indies and arrived at Cape Lookout on June 23, and later to Roanoke Island.Simon Fernandez Ran the Tiger, one of Queen Elizabeth’s best ships aground in a sandbar and reached Roanoke in Late July.Thomas Harriot A scientist on board Grenville’s shipJohn White An Artist who drew the first maps of Roanoke region.Ralph Lane Became the governor of the Roanoke Colony. He explored the region and had negative relationship with the Natives in the region.Wingina The son and Indian Chief that was originally friendly to the colonists, but he began to disliked the English and planned to murder Lane and the rest of the Colonists, but the colonists attacked his village first and beheaded Wingina.
Ranoke Island• Landed on the Northern end of Roanoke Island• Quickly built Fort Raleigh• Ralph Lane became governor, when Grenville went back to England for supplies• Trouble began when winter approached and Grenville had not returned
Ralph Lane Colony Problems 1. 2. 3. Location/Features 1. 2. 3. Outcomes 1. 2. 3.
Ralph Lane Colony Problems 1. Food ran out/poor growing season 2. Conflicts between English and Native Americans 3. Poor Leadership Location/Features 1. Roanoke Island of the coast 2. Isolated from the mainland 3. Lots of wild life including birds, fish, plants and insects Outcomes 1. They ran out of food 2. Lane had the Native Americans village raided and killed the chief 3. Colonists abandoned the island after 10 months and returned to England
In Pairs• In Pairs make a web diagram with details about Ralph Lane’s Colony in North Carolina.• Use your notes as well as page 62-65 to help you.
The Lost Colony- 11/1/11 Bell Ringer• Grab a blue book and answer questions 1,2 and 3 on page 65 in your notebook
POP QUIZ• Take out a sheet of paper- put your name,date and block number• Silent! NO TALKING!• You Talk- You and the person you are talking to get zeros
POP QUIZ• Who was John White?• Who was Richard Grenville?• Name 3 outcomes of the Ralph Lane Colony• You may use your notes form yesterday• When you are done- put your quiz in your blocks bin
Today• Today will be a guided workday• You will work together to complete each section in a timely manor.• We will go over each section and move on to the next.• If I see that groups are not focused and working this will be a individual silent activity• Today will determine if you can do this for future lessons- One and only shot- Don’t blow it!
The John White Colony• Read “The John White Colony” and “Events at the Colony”Answer the following questions in your notebook- Yes you must write the question and answer in complete sentences1. How was the second Roanoke colony different from the first2. What did White and the colonists find on Roanoke Island?3. Why did the colonists attempt to settle again on Roanoke Island4. Define the word Croatoan, name an important Croatoan and who was he (hint: he became the Lord of Roanoke)
1. How was the second Roanoke colony different from the first? Women and Children were included and all men were given land2. What did White and the colonists find on Roanoke Island? They found almost no trace of the 15 men left there the year before and that the fort had been destroyed3. Why did the colonists attempt to settle again on Roanoke Island Because the pilot refused to take them to the Chesapeake4. Define the word Croatoan, name an important Croatoan and who was he (hint: he became the Lord of Roanoke) Croatoan was the friendly group of Native Americans that lived in the area. As a reward for his help Manteo helped the settlers and was named the Lord of Roanoke.
White’s departure• Read “White’s departure in 1587” and “White’s return in 1590”1. Why did Governor White leave the Colony?2. What did White believe happened to his Colony?3. Why couldn’t White return to Roanoke when he intended4. Do the “Think as a Historian”
1. Why did Governor White leave the Colony? To get food and supplies2. What did White believe happened to his Colony? He believed that hey had left in peace to a portion of the Outer Banks where Manteo’s people lived3. Why couldn’t White return to Roanoke when he intended? Due to England was at war with Spain and couldn’t spare ships to take him4. Do the “Think as a Historian” What was your event in history and how did it change history?
Review• Make a chart and compare the Lane’s and White’s colonies: Ralph Lane Colony John White Colony Purpose Organization Relations with the Native Americans Successes Failures
Ralph Lane Colony John White ColonyPurpose Established lasting colony Establish a colony of landownersOrganization Military commanders were to White appointed governor set up homes and prepare for Settlers granted land and their families included women and childrenRelations with the Native Treated Native Americans Conflicts with some RoanokeAmericans Harshly, raided native village but friendly with Croatoan and killed Roanoke ChiefSuccesses Explored surveyed, mapped, Provided enough interest so painted region recorded that future colonies would be details of Native American life. founded Introduced tobacco, maize and potato to EnglandFailures Problems with leadership, Insufficient food and supplies insufficient time to plan food, Became known as the lost insufficient supplies, had to colony abandon colony
Think about it• What criteria would you use to assess acceptable participants for a voyage in 1500?
Colony Selection Directions• 1. Round one work on an individual list• 2. Round two discuss their pick within their group and come up with the group picks• 3. Round 3 will come up with a class list – If there are any differences the group can LOBBY for their person – 1 student will be designated to write the group picks on the board or available surface• The debate will be orderly and I will be the facilitator
Summary• Would you use the same criteria for a voyage today as you would a voyage for the 1500s?
Jamestown Bell Ringer• Pretend you are a settler and need to solve some situations. (write in complete sentences)1. How would you decide where to settle?2. How will you feed your people?3. How will you defend your settlement?4. How will you solve conflicts between settlers? How about Native Americans?
Reasons for Settlement of Jamestown• Virginia Company (the biggest trading company) desired for a profit. So they expanded out of Europe• Learning from the mistakes from Lane and White it was a good location for settlement• Located upstream and protected on three sides by land
Effects of Jamestown• High death-rate among the 1st colonists• Tobacco becomes important crop• Causes the population to grow• Encouraged other Europeans settlers to come to North America
Frayer Model Characteristics: Definition: Poor, wanted to start overA person who worked without pay for a Usually single males, but there were certain number of years in return for some familiespassage to a colony, clothing, food and shelter Could be any race Received their own 50 acres of land when their time was up Indentured servant Example: Sentence:
HQ • How did different goals andgeographical location affect thedevelopment of England’s North American Colonies
Compare and Contrast • Read Strong Leaders Emerge• Compare John Smith and Lord De La Warr and how they ran Jamestown• 2 differences for each and 2 things in common
In Pairs- Cornell NotesQuestions Answer1. What problems did the colonists face in the fist year after settlement?2. What lead settlers to choose the site for Jamestown?3. Why did Jamestown Colonists endure a “starving time?4. How did Smith, Lord De La Warr and Rolfe help keep the James town Colony from FailingSummery: What effect did Jamestown’s success have in North America?
In Pairs- Cornell NotesQuestions Answer1. What problems did Drinking water was impure and mosquitoes spread the colonists face in diseases. Food was scarce and some colonists were the fist year after attacked by Native Americans settlement?2. What lead settlers to It was 30 miles up stream and protected by land on three choose the site for sides. This caused the Virginia Company’s ships could Jamestown? easily bring supplies and more colonists. The settlement3. Why did Jamestown was also hidden from Spanish Ships along the shore Colonists endure a “starving time?4. How did Smith, Lord The Virginia Company did not send enough food and the De La Warr and Rolfe did not grow enough supplement help keep the James town Colony from Had strict rules that required all colonists to farm. Also had Failing temporary peace with the Native Americans (Powhatans)Summery: What effect did Jamestown’s success have in North America?
Chapter 4 Review• Please complete pg 70 numbers• 16-21• 25• 27• 31 also the Connect to today• Do all this in your notebook