Roanoke "The Lost Colony"

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A brief class on the Lost Colony of Roanoke.

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Roanoke "The Lost Colony"

  1. 1. Roanoke: The Lost Colony 5TH GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES MR. MCQUILLAN 1
  2. 2. Learning Objectives 1. Students will become familiar with the details encompassing the colonization of Roanoke. 2. Students will use critical thinking skills to investigate the facts and hypothesize on validity of numerous theories concerning the fate of the colonists. 3. Students will use skills of persuasion in producing their theories concerning this lesson. 2
  3. 3. Sir Walter Raleigh • In 1584 Raleigh received a patent from Queen Elizabeth I, to explore and colonize the New World. • Sir Raleigh sent two explorers to the New World, and they were the first to see Roanoke Island. • The Queen was impressed by the expedition to Roanoke and Raleigh received a knighthood. The new land was named Virginia. • Future Raleigh expeditions ended in complete failure. Sir Walter Raleigh 3
  4. 4. Timeline 1584 — Sir Walter Raleigh's men Captains Phillip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe first land on Roanoke Island and find it suitable for settlement. 1585 — 108 soldiers come to Roanoke to establish first colony. 1586 — Colonists and Native Americans at 'war,' and colony abandoned. 1587 — Second group of 117 colonists come to Roanoke. August 18, 1587 — Birth of Virginia Dare, first English baby born in the New World. 1587 — John White returns to England. 1588 — White's ship taken to hold off Phillip II of Spain's armada. 1590 — White finally returns to Roanoke to find the colony gone. 1602 — Raleigh makes another attempt to locate the colony. 4
  5. 5. Maps John White’s map of Roanoke Island The Coast of Virginia in 1584 5
  6. 6. Colonization I • After the successful expedition in 1584, Sir Walter Raleigh sent an group of workers and soldiers lead by Captain Ralph Lane to colonize Roanoke. • In less than a year they found nothing of value and murdered a Native American Chief, before they returned to England. • Sir Francis Drake stopped by the deserted fort left by Lane and his men. A small security party stayed to guard the fort. • When supply ships landed at Roanoke a couple weeks later, there was no sign of any inhabitants. 6
  7. 7. Colonization II • Sir Walter Raleigh still seen potential in Roanoke and sent another party to colonize the island. • This new expedition was made up of over one hundred men, women and children. It was headed by Governor John White and included an Native American friend. • In 1587 the first English born baby was born in America. • John White returned to England for more supplies, but do to a war with Spain he was unable to return. • The war lasted two years and when he finally returned his settlers were no where to be found. 7
  8. 8. John White’s Roanoke • The original fort was repaired and made habitable for families. • This new world was unlike England and very confusing. • The new settlement was called the Cittie of Raleigh. • The settlers Governor White left at the fort did not know how to live off the land and they had very bad relations with the Native Americans in the area. • Upon his return from England the re-fortified dwellings were abandoned and plundered. The only noticeable things left behind were the words “CROATAN” carved on a pillar and “CRO” carved in a tree. 8
  9. 9. Cittie Of Raleigh “Roanoke” John White’s return to Roanoke in 1590 Governor John White 9
  10. 10. Native Americans • The English and the Native Americans had a tumultuous relationship from the start. • There were several types of Native American tribes in the Roanoke Area. • Captain Lane murdered Chief Wingina in 1585. • John White befriends Chief Manteo. While attacking what he thought were a hostile tribe, they made a mistake and killed friendlies and were from then on thought of as the enemy. • All the different tribes were very confusing to the colonists. 10
  11. 11. Roanoke Tribes 11
  12. 12. The Mystery • Two failed expeditions  After the 1584 expedition returned to England and Sir Francis Drake visited Roanoke, he subsequently left 15 men to guard the abandoned fort in 1586. - John White arrived in 1587 and learned that the Native Americans had killed the 15 men from the fort.  John White returned from England again in 1590 with supplies, and his colony had disappeared. - Clues: Fort was plundered, Native Americans were not friendly, CROATAN was written on the fort and CRO was written on a tree. The dwellings were dismantled, not destroyed. White left instructions incase of trouble, but none were followed. * There were attempts made to find out what happened to the colony, but no substantial evidence was brought to light. 12
  13. 13. Theories & Evidence • The people of Roanoke left the settlement and possibly settled in the Chesapeake Bay Area or were lost at sea.  The colonists could have traveled to this area. This is roughly the same area settled by the Jamestown colonists, who were told by Native Americans about white settlers they killed in the past. • The population of Roanoke Island was killed by disease.  Possibly could have died from a disease, but no bodies, graves or any other evidence was found. The dwellings were dismantled. • The colony was somehow destroyed by a hurricane.  There should have been evidence. Fort was still intact, dwellings were dismantled & no bodies were discovered. If they were on the move a storm could have killed them in route to a new destination. 13
  14. 14. Theories & Evidence Continued • The colonists went to live on Croatan Island, where they lived amongst the Native Americans.  Very likely. The Croatan Tribe was friendly and their island was close by. • The Native Americans killed the colonists.  Most Native Americans were considered savages. They had killed before. Some evidence suggests not all were friendly and did not like the new settlers on their land. • Spanish.  England and Spain were at war, and the Spanish could have raided the English settlements. Taken their homes, supplies and even may have killed or enslaved the colonists. No evidence exists. *There is no evidence for or against the theories, hence the great unsolved mystery. 14
  15. 15. Conclusion Still Ongoing • Even today scientists, researchers and historians continue to hypothesis about what happened. Extensive research projects are in progress. -The Croatan Project – Some signs of colonists on Croatan Island, due to erosion the settlement could be under water. Evidence of a possible fort. -The DNA Project – With recent discovery and capabilities of DNA use, the project is testing for common DNA in Native Americans that may show signs the colonists lived amongst the tribes of the region.  - The facts are that there is no conclusive evidence to what actually happened. New theories emerge with every new discovery. The colonists whereabouts remain shrouded in mystery and may never be known. 15
  16. 16. The 1587 Roanoke Colonists Men John White, Governor Roger Bailie, Assistant Ananias Dare, Assistant Christopher Cooper, Assistant Thomas Stevens, Assistant John Sampson, Assistant Dyonis Harvie, Assistant Roger Prat, Assistant George Howe, Assistant Nicholas Johnson Thomas Warner Anthony Cage John Jones John Tydway Ambrose Viccars Edmond English Thomas Topan Henry Berrye Richard Berrye John Spendlove John Hemmington Thomas Butler Edward Powell John Burden James Hynde Thomas Ellis William Browne Michael Myllet Thomas Smith Richard Kemme Thomas Harris Richard Taverner John Earnest Henry Johnson John Starte Richard Darige William Lucas Arnold Archard John Wright William Dutton Morris Allen William Waters Richard Arthur John Chapman William Clement Robert Little Hugh Tayler Richard Wildye Lewes Wotton Michael Bishop Henry Browne Henry Rufoote Richard Tomkins Henry Dorrell charles Florrie Henry Mylton Henry Payne Thomas Harris William Nicholes Thomas Phevens John Borden Thomas Scot William Willes John Brooke Cutbert White John Bright Clement Tayler William Sole John Cotsmur Humfrey Newton Thomas Colman Thomas Gramme Marke Bennet John Gibbes John Stilman Robert Wilkinson Peter Little John Wyles Brian Wyles George Martyn Hugh Pattenson Martyn Sutton John Farre John Bridger Griffen Jones Richard Shaberdge James Lasie John Cheven Thomas Hewet William Berde Women Elyoner Dare Margery Harvie Agnes Wood Wenefrid Powell Joyce Archard Jane Jones Elizabaeth Glane Jane Pierce Audry Tappan Alis Chapman Emme Merrimoth ------ Colman Margaret Lawrence Joan Warren Jane Mannering Rose Payne Elizabeth Viccars Children John Sampson Robert Ellis Ambrose Viccars Thamas Archard Thomas Humfrey Thomas Smart George Howe John Prat William Wythers Born in Virginia Virginia Dare ---- Harvye 16
  17. 17. References • Dobles, E. (2009). The Lost Colony. Retrieved November 1, 2013, from http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~ead69/class/the_lost_colony.html • Lane, R. (n.d.). Colony at Roanoke - 1586. Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.nationalcenter.org/ColonyofRoanoke.html • North Carolina History Project : Roanoke Island. (2013). Retrieved November 2, 2013, from http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/commentary/25/entry • Roanoke Island Lost Colony Mystery – Roanoke, VA Theories & History. (n.d.). Retrieved November 1, 2013, from http://totallyhistory.com/roanoke-islandmystery/ • Roanoke Voyages | The Lost Colony. (n.d.). Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://thelostcolony.org/roanoke-voyages/ • What happened to the “Lost Colony” of Roanoke? — Ask HISTORY — History Q&A. (2012, October 3). Retrieved October 28, 2013, from http://www.history.com/news/askhistory/what-happened-to-the-lost-colony-of-roanoke 17
  18. 18. Photo References • Slide 11: De Bry Engraving - Indian in Body Paint. (2005, October 31). Retrieved November 2, 2013, from http://www.virtualjamestown.org/images/white_debry_html/debry47.html • Slide 11: File:North carolina algonkin-dorf.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2011, February 5). Retrieved November 2, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:North_carolina_algonkin-dorf.jpg • Slide 5: File:Roanoke map 1584.JPG - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (2013, July 10). Retrieved November 28, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Roanoke_map_1584.JPG • Slide 5: Hariot, T. (1590). Roanoke Island [Pictorial Map]. Retrieved from http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h? ammem/gmd:@field(NUMBER+@band(g3880+ct000777)) • Slide 9: John White. (2013). The Biography Channel website. Retrieved 07:59, Oct 30, 2013, from http://www.biography.com/people/john-white-9529444. • Slide 11: Native American Village of Pomeiooc. (2010, June 15). Retrieved November 2, 2013, from http://www.learnnc.org/lp/multimedia/6274 • Slide 9: North Carolina History Project : Roanoke Island. (2013). Retrieved November 1, 2013, from http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/commentary/25/entry • Slide 3: Portrait von Sir Walter Raleigh [Painting/Photograph]. (2006). Retrieved from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Raleigh.jpg 18

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