Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Baroque Period
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Baroque Period

1,136

Published on

All about the Baroque period of music

All about the Baroque period of music

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,136
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
61
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Baroque Period 1600-1750
  • 2. Vocal- Opera
    • Developed from stories of ancient Greek tragedies
    • Parts of an opera
      • Always opened with an overture
      • Orchestra and chorus
      • Performers and costumes
      • Stage design (lighting and scenery)
      • Some solo part (solo aria, duet, or trio)
      • Aria
      • Recitative
  • 3. Opera-Italian
    • Florentine- end of 1500’s group of noblemen wanted to bring back ancient Greek tragedy
    • Roman- focused more on religious subjects rather than Greek tragedy
    • Venetian- less choral and orchestral music, more emphasis on formal arias and elaborate stage machinery
    • Neopolitan- late 1600’s and early 1700’s, orchestra’s role diminished and chorus almost non-existant
      • Castratti- male sopranos
      • Sinfonia- Italian overtures
  • 4. Opera-French
    • Didn’t develop until second half of 1600’s
    • It was inspired by French dramas and court ballet
    • French overture
    • Made less use of virtuosity
    • Accentuation of literature
    • Shorter and simpler-like airs
    • Greater importance on dramas
    • Added ballet
    • Increased the use of the orchestra
  • 5. Opera-England
    • Wasn’t very popular
    • Italian operas were performed in London
    • More involved in theater music forms
    • Three forms of music theater
      • Masque-extravagant play performed privately for nobility
      • Incidental- played during the action scenes in plays
      • Entr’acte- performed between acts or scenes in plays
  • 6. Opera- Comic
    • Appeared in the early 1700’s
    • Way to lighten the emotions
    • It had parody, humor, and satire
    • Spoken dialogue replaced recitatives
    • Characters, aria text, and melodies of serious operas were often parodied
    • Subjects were now light, frivolous, and humorous
    • Small ensemble groups and choirs were used
    • Commonplace characters
    • Popular tunes
  • 7. Instrumental
    • Became as important as vocal music
    • Improvisation increased
    • Basso continuo- figured bass
    • Thematic variation
    • Sequencing
    • Distinction between chamber ensemble and the orchestra
    • Equal tempered tuning of instruments
  • 8. Instruments
    • Keyboards- clavichord, harpsichord, organ
    • Strings-violin and bass viol
    • Winds- bassoon, flute, and oboe
    • Brass- trumpets, horns, and trombones
    • Percussion- timpani
  • 9. Musical forms
    • Fugal
      • Early carried over from Renaissance, written for keyboard instrument called fantasia, canzona, and capriccio
      • The Fugue of the 1600’s replaced these
    • Variation
      • Thematic- cantus firmus, canzona , and dance suites
      • Ground- short recurrent theme in bass line and changing counterpoint
    • Dance Suite
      • Binary
      • Common dance movements- courante, gigue, allemande, and sarabande
  • 10. Musical forms
    • Chorale Prelude
      • Organ music
      • Used for church
    • Improvisatory
      • Lacked distinct thematic material
      • Lacked formal unity
    • Sonata
      • Multi-movement work for solo and small chamber groups
      • 3 types-unaccompanied solo, accompanied solo, and trio solo
      • Church sonata
      • Chamber sonata
      • Tower Sonata
      • Keyboard Sonata
  • 11. Orchestral Music
    • Composed mainly of strings
    • Basso continuo
    • Not much color definition
    • Solo concerto-written for one instrument and orchestra
    • Concerto grosso-2 or 3 solo instruments playing in opposition of the orchestra
  • 12. Composers
    • Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)-considered the father of counterpoint
    • Georg Friedrich Handel (1685-1759)-Wrote the Messiah’s Hallelujah Chorus
    • Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)-wrote “Orfeo” the first Opera ever recognized
    • Archangelo Corelli (1653-1713)-wrote only for instrumentists
  • 13. Composers
    • Henry Purcell (1659-1695)- at age 20 he became the organist for Westminster Abbey
    • Jean-Phillippe Rameau (1683-1764)- always interested in adding flair to his music such as storm scenes
    • Antonio Vivaldi (1680-1743)- felt that the soloist and orchestra should be in conflict with each other

×