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Baroque opera

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Monteverdi & Handel

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Baroque opera

  1. 1. Chapter 20 – Baroque Musical style<br />Florentine Camerata<br />Group of artists; Salon<br />Wanted to add music to drama of Greece<br />Music must support emotion in text<br />Monody<br />Texture focused on solo singer with instrumental accompaniment<br />“The Expressive style” - melody moving freely over simple chords <br />Photogrpah by Marco Antonio Hernández Partidahttp://www.flickr.com/people/moosehp/ This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 21 – Opera Terms:<br />Recitative - musical speech<br />Advances the plot<br />Mimics speech in terms of rhythm, inflection<br />Fast, patter<br />Question / answer dialogue<br />Secco - only harpsichord, continuo<br />Acompagnato - orchestra (stricter rhythms)<br />
  3. 3. Opera terminology cont’d.<br />Aria - lyric, emotional moments<br /> A song which offers insight into character<br />The “tune”, what we remember<br /><ul><li>Can be excerpted</li></ul>da Capo aria - ABA form, final section embellished <br />Ensembles - duets, trios… choruses<br />Often overlap each other and each offers own opinion<br />
  4. 4. Opera cont’d.<br />Overture - Orchestral introduction<br />May include themes from the opera<br />Also orchestral interludes before each act<br />Libretto - the text, the “book”<br />Often written separately - librettist<br />
  5. 5. Monteverdi, early opera<br />Monteverdi Renaissance - Baroque<br />Combines styles, e.g. Polyphony and Monody<br />Emotionally intense<br />Expanded ideas of camerata <br />Agitated style<br />Standardized the orchestra<br />Strings became core<br />“The text should be the master of the music, not the servant.”<br />
  6. 6. Coronation of Poppea<br />History, not mythology<br />Opera becoming popular entertainment<br />Plot:<br />Nero & Poppea<br />Poppea becomes empress<br />Photo by Mary Harrsch http://www.flickr.com/people/mharrsch/<br />This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 444 Castro Street, Suite 900, Mountain View, California, 94041, USA.<br />
  7. 7. Handel, late Baroque opera<br />German, worked in London<br />Cosmopolitan styles<br />Opera Seria - It. Opera - heroic or tragic<br />Giulio Cesare - Cleopatra and Caesar<br />V’adoro - da capo aria<br />

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