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MUSIC OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD

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Grade 9 MUSIC

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MUSIC OF THE BAROQUE PERIOD

  1. 1. BAROQUE PERIOD ORNAMENTATION AND ELABORATION OF ARTS & MUSIC
  2. 2. BAROQUE Period from 1600-1750 From the Portuguese term “BAROCCO” which means “ODDLY SHAPED PEARL”
  3. 3. Recognized for ornateness, grandeur and flamboyance in architecture and painting. Aterm initially used to imply strangeness and extravagance. BAROQUE
  4. 4. An era of absolute monarchy and aristocracy. A period that begins the popularity of orchestra and opera. BAROQUE
  5. 5. Puritans reached New England (1620) Beheading of Charles 1 (1649) Restoration of Charles II as King of England Discovery of the Laws of Motion by Sir Isaac Newton HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
  6. 6. BAROQUE MUSIC CHARACTERISTICS: Unity of mood Continuity of rhythm Continuous and repeated melody
  7. 7. Terraced dynamics - Shifting of the intensity of the volume from soft to loud and vice versa. Birth of “Nuovo Musiche” (New Music) BAROQUE MUSIC
  8. 8. Italian words were used to tell how music is to be played. Homophonic – MONODY (One/Solo Song) BAROQUE
  9. 9. ORGANS and HARPSICHORD are the main keyboard instruments, VIOLA DE GAMBA is for stringed instruments.
  10. 10. …BAROQUE MUSIC CAMERATA - Italian for “Salon” which refers to a group of Florentine writers, artists and musicians
  11. 11. - They first cultivated the monodic style and realized that it could also be applied to an entire drama which later led to OPERA. CAMERATA
  12. 12. BAROQUE VOCAL FORMS
  13. 13. An art where musicians perform a dramatic composition putting the libretto (text) and musical score accompanied by orchestra or ensemble. 1. OPERA
  14. 14. … OPERA  Themes are mostly based on history and mythology.  “L’Orfeo” is the first great opera by Claudio Monteverdi.
  15. 15. OPERA
  16. 16.  From the Italian word “cantare” which means “sung”  Is a vocal composition for a soloist or choir accompanied by instruments. 2. CANTATA
  17. 17.  Themes are based on a narrative poem of secular or religious, lyrical or dramatic in nature.  “Awake, A Voice is Calling Us” by J.S. Bach … CANTATA
  18. 18. CANTATA
  19. 19. A dramatic but unstaged telling of a biblical or religious story Uses no scenery or costumes and no dramatic actions 3. ORATORIO
  20. 20. Uses a narrator, soloists, chorus and an orchestra. Usually performed in churches and concert halls. 3. ORATORIO
  21. 21.  It is meditative rather than dramatic in nature that deals with a New Testament subject but with no plot.  “Messiah” by G. F. Handel … ORATORIO
  22. 22. ORATOTRIO
  23. 23. INSTRUMENTAL FORMS
  24. 24. 1. CONCERTO GROSSO Most important orchestral music in this period.
  25. 25. Consists mainly of string instruments with few solo instrument (concertino) which plays in opposition to the whole orchestra called tutti. ... CONCERTO GROSSO
  26. 26. TUTTI – composed of a hapsichord as part of the basso continuo, another stringed instrument.
  27. 27. THREE MOVEMENTS: FAST – vigorous and determined SLOW – quieter; often lyrical and intimate FAST – lively and carefree with a dance-like character ... CONCERTO GROSSO
  28. 28. “Brandenburg Concerto in D Major” by J.S. Bach
  29. 29. 2. BAROQUE SUITE It is developed by French which refers to a group of works held together by story, mood or idea.
  30. 30. . . . BAROQUE SUITE Others terms are Partita (Germany), Overture and Sonata de Camara
  31. 31. . . . BAROQUE SUITE “Water Music” by Handel “Badinerie” from Suite No.2 in B Minor by Bach
  32. 32. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS
  33. 33. 1. TROMPE DAPHINE
  34. 34. 2. RECORDER
  35. 35. 3. OBOE
  36. 36. 4. VIOLS AND VIOLIN (QUEENS OF THE INSTRUMENTS
  37. 37. 5. LUTE
  38. 38. 6. HARPSICHORD
  39. 39. 7. CLAVICHORD
  40. 40. BAROQUE COMPOSERS
  41. 41. 1. CLAUDIO GIOVANNI ANTONIO MONTEVERDI 1567-1643 An Italian composer and the most important figure in the transition from Renaissance to Baroque music.
  42. 42. One of the guest contributors to OPERA. 1. CLAUDIO GIOVANNI ANTONIO MONTEVERDI
  43. 43. Musical Works: L’ORFEO (1607) – first modern opera ARIANNA (1608) – established his reputation as an opera composer 1. CLAUDIO GIOVANNI ANTONIO MONTEVERDI
  44. 44.  Only TWO of his opera has survived complete form:  The Return of Ulysses in His Homeland (II ritorno d’Ulisse in patira 1641) The Coronation of Poppea (L’incoronazione di Poppea 1642) – his masterpiece 1. CLAUDIO GIOVANNI ANTONIO MONTEVERDI
  45. 45. L’ORFEO
  46. 46. The Master of English Oratorio and Italian Opera 2. GEORGE FRIDERIC HANDEL (1685-1759)
  47. 47. His “THE MESSIAH” was his most famous English oratorio
  48. 48. Musical Works: ALMIRA (1704) – his first opera AGGRIPINA (1709) RINALDO (1711)
  49. 49. ATHALIA (1733) & SAUL (1939) – English Oratorios WATERMUSIC and MUSIC FOR THE ROYAL FIREWORKS– orchestral music
  50. 50. “FOR UNTO US A CHILD IS BORN”
  51. 51. “Composer for All Seasons” 3. JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH (1685-1750)
  52. 52. Keyboard Virtuoso Konzertmeister Kappelmeister Kantor at the Thomasschule
  53. 53. Musical Works: FIRST PERIOD (1703-1708) - Arnstadt and Muhlhausen  “Gottes Zeit A Cantata” SECOND PERIOD (1708-1717) - Weimar  “Toccata” &“Fugue in D minor” THIRD PERIOD (1717-1723) - Anhalt -Cothen
  54. 54. “Well-Tempered Clavier” “Orgebuchlein” (Little Organ Book) Six Brandenburg Concertos Four Orchestral Suites or Overtures French Suites FOURTH PERIOD (1723-1745) - Leipzig  “St.John Passion” (1723)  “St.Matthew Passion” (1729)  Coffee Cantatas (211)
  55. 55.  Hunting Cantata (208)  Goldberg Variations  Magnificat (1723) FIFTH PERIOD (1745-1750) - Last five years of Bach  Canonic Variations on a chorale “Von Himmel Hoch”  Musical Offering  Art of Fugue (1750) - unfinished
  56. 56. FUGUE IN G MINOR
  57. 57. The “Red- Haired Composer” 4. ANTONIO LUCIO VIVALDI (1678-1741)
  58. 58. He invented ritornello form Musical Works: Oratorios: “Moyses Deus Pharaonis” ; “Juditha triumphans devicta Holofernes barbarie” . . . VIVALDI
  59. 59. Operas: “Ottone in villa”; Orlando finto pazzo” Concertos: “La Concertos Primavera” ; “The Four Seasons”; “II Favorito” . . . VIVALDI
  60. 60. THE FOUR SEASONS

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