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Conditional Clauses
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Conditional Clauses

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  • 2. Conditionals always have two parts: the Main Clause and the IF Clause(When the If Clause goes first, it is followed by a comma, but you can also put the Main Clause first without using a comma between the clauses.)
  • 3. Conditional Conjunctions: IF is the most common one. Others are: As long as Provided/ Providing (that) UNLESS = If not
  • 4. (0 &) 1st Type Conditional (Real Possibility)It is used for real - or possible - situations. The If Clause goes in the Present Tense (usually Simple):If you want , …If you are late again, …If you have done your homework, …
  • 5. The Main Clause can go in: - Present Tense - Imperative- Present Modal Verb: can, may, must. But usually in - FUTURE SIMPLE: -If you want, I’ll help you -I ’ll be angry if you’re late again -If you’ve done your homework, you can go out
  • 6. UNLESS is the opposite of “If”:If she doesn’t call soon, I’ll be angry = Unless she calls soon, I’ll be angry.He will be late if he doesn’t hurry up = He will be late unless he hurries up
  • 7. 2nd Type Conditional Often called the "unreal" conditional because it is used for unreal -impossible or improbable - situations. This conditional provides an imaginary result for a given situation.
  • 8. The If Clause goes in Simple Past Tense The verb to be, when used in the 2nd conditional, is usually conjugated as were. The Main Clause goes in Conditional Tense: Would(n’t) + infinitive (Could or Might are also possible but less common) If I were you, I’d go to the doctor’s. If he studied more, he’d pass all his subjects.They would buy a new house if they had more money.
  • 9. 3rd Type ConditionalKnown as the "past" conditional because it refers only to past situations with hypothetical results.
  • 10. The If Clause goes in - Past Perfect The Main Clause takes: WOULD(N’T) (Could/ Might) HAVE + Past Participle He would have found a new job if he had tried.We wouldn’t have seen this film if you hadn’t told me about it. If you had studied for the exam, you would have passed.
  • 11. To sum up: (Taken fromhttp://www.xtec.es/~ogodoy/sac/rephrasing/conditionals.htm)