SQUARE FOOT
GARDENING FOUNDATION
        Presented by
        Carol Knepp
       March 24, 2010
      FOR MORE INFORMATION...
LOCATION
• Pick an area that gets 6-9 hours of sunshine
  daily.
• Stay clear of trees/shrubs where
  roots/shade may inte...
The Ten Basics of
     Square Foot Gardening
1.   Layout        6. Care
2.   Boxes         7. Select
3.   Aisles        8....
The Ten Basics of SFG
               1 - LAYOUT
Think in Squares – Not in Rows
Average garden size
  – 20’ X 35’=700 squar...
The Ten Basics of SFG
           2 – BOXES

  Build Square or Rectangular Boxes
to Hold a New Soil Mix Above Ground
      ...
HOW MANY BOXES?
• Start Small - One or Two Boxes
• One 4 X 4 Box
  – Salad fixings for 1 person for the entire growing
   ...
ALL THAT IN ONE 4X4 BOX?
•   1 head of cabbage          •   8 bunches of Swiss chard
•   1 head of broccoli         •   9 ...
BUILDING A BOX
• Need to hold the soil
  – only 6 inches deep
• If deeper boxes
  desired, use sand as
  a filler with soi...
WOOD BOX CONSTRUCTION
PYRAMID BOXES
PYRAMID DESIGNS
ADD WEED BARRIER
           • Dig out
             sod/weeds
           • Add weed
             barrier or
             la...
The Ten Basics of SFG
                   4 - SOIL
No need to worry
  about existing soil -
  it won’t be used!
Mel’s Mix:
...
EXISTING SOIL –
DOESN’T MATTER
         • Mel’s Mix – make
           one time only
         • Boxes above ground
        ...
MEL’S MIX
    • 1/3 Peat Moss
    • 1/3 Coarse Vermiculite
    • 1/3 Compost
Making Compost
The Ten Basics of SFG
                    5 - GRID
Square foot grid
 for the top of
 each box.
    • Visualize
      plant...
Grids of many materials
The Ten Basics of SFG
                 7 - SELECT CROPS

• Grow what you like to eat
• Plant a different flower,
  vegetab...
Spacing Per Square Foot

• 1, 4, 9, 16

• “Thin to” on
  seed packets

• Saves seeds
COMPOST INGREDIENTS
• Any part of a plant – roots, leaves, flowers,
  stems
• Animal manure (no meat-eating animals)
• New...
MORE COMPOST INGREDIENTS
• Residue from fruit
  and vegetable
  processing plants
• Grass clippings (dry
  first), straw, ...
DO NOT ADD
•   Animal fat, bones, meat, skin
•   Dairy Products
•   Bread and baked goods
•   Dog, cat or human manure
•  ...
QUICK COMPOST
Remember the 4 M’s
    •   Mix
    •   Mash
    •   Moisten
    •   Move
FINISHED COMPOST
• No recognizable
  ingredients
• Smells “earthy”
  and rich
• Dark brown and
  crumbly
COMPOST AMOUNTS
• The more variety of ingredients
  – the more nutrients
• No more than 20% of one
  ingredient in the pil...
DON’T WANT TO MAKE COMPOST?

• Purchase bags of at least 4-5 different
  types of compost and mix it together.
• Read the ...
Perennials
MAKING A VERTICAL FRAME




          •   Electrical conduit
          •   Elbow Coupling
          •   Rebar
          • ...
PLACEMENT OF VERTICAL FRAME


• North side of
  garden or box
HIGH RISE GARDENING
• Potatoes
• Long
  carrots
• Leeks

• Add a
  high-rise
  box!
MAKE A FRAME
PROTECTION FROM CRITTERS

• Above ground
  protection
• Cats, dogs,
  squirrels,
  rabbits, etc.
• Deer netting
Elderly




•   Physical Limitations
•   Fresh Air - Views
•   Adds Interest – Outlook on Life
•   Social Life
SQUARE FOOT
GARDENING FOUNDATION

   FOR MORE INFORMATION
 www.squarefootgardening.com
             or
        Carol Knepp...
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  1. 1. SQUARE FOOT GARDENING FOUNDATION Presented by Carol Knepp March 24, 2010 FOR MORE INFORMATION www.squarefootgardening.com or Carol Knepp kneppster@gmail.com
  2. 2. LOCATION • Pick an area that gets 6-9 hours of sunshine daily. • Stay clear of trees/shrubs where roots/shade may interfere. • Have it close to the house for convenience and protection. • Existing soil is not really important. You won’t be using it. • Area must not puddle after a heavy rain.
  3. 3. The Ten Basics of Square Foot Gardening 1. Layout 6. Care 2. Boxes 7. Select 3. Aisles 8. Plant 4. Soil 9. Water 5. Grid 10.Harvest
  4. 4. The Ten Basics of SFG 1 - LAYOUT Think in Squares – Not in Rows Average garden size – 20’ X 35’=700 square feet – To grow the same amount, a SFG only needs 140 square feet to accomplish the same
  5. 5. The Ten Basics of SFG 2 – BOXES Build Square or Rectangular Boxes to Hold a New Soil Mix Above Ground »Wood »Brick or Blocks »Vinyl »Stone »Bamboo
  6. 6. HOW MANY BOXES? • Start Small - One or Two Boxes • One 4 X 4 Box – Salad fixings for 1 person for the entire growing season • Second 4 X 4 Box – Supply supper vegetables for 1-2 people for the entire growing season • Third 4 X 4 Box – Supply vegetables for 1 person for storing, preserving or giving away
  7. 7. ALL THAT IN ONE 4X4 BOX? • 1 head of cabbage • 8 bunches of Swiss chard • 1 head of broccoli • 9 bunches of spinach • 1 head of cauliflower • 16 small ball carrots • 4 heads of romaine • 16 beets • 4 heads of red lettuce • 4 bunches beet greens • 4 heads of salad lettuce • 16 long carrots • 5 pounds sugar snap • 32 radishes peas
  8. 8. BUILDING A BOX • Need to hold the soil – only 6 inches deep • If deeper boxes desired, use sand as a filler with soil mix in top 6 inches • Square or rectangular • Ground, patio, raised • Stationary or portable
  9. 9. WOOD BOX CONSTRUCTION
  10. 10. PYRAMID BOXES
  11. 11. PYRAMID DESIGNS
  12. 12. ADD WEED BARRIER • Dig out sod/weeds • Add weed barrier or landscape cloth • Cardboard • Wet it down
  13. 13. The Ten Basics of SFG 4 - SOIL No need to worry about existing soil - it won’t be used! Mel’s Mix: 1/3 peat moss 1/3 coarse vermiculite 1/3 compost
  14. 14. EXISTING SOIL – DOESN’T MATTER • Mel’s Mix – make one time only • Boxes above ground • Loose and friable • All needed nutrients • 6-inches deep enough
  15. 15. MEL’S MIX • 1/3 Peat Moss • 1/3 Coarse Vermiculite • 1/3 Compost
  16. 16. Making Compost
  17. 17. The Ten Basics of SFG 5 - GRID Square foot grid for the top of each box. • Visualize planting spaces • Prominent • Makes your garden unique • A must!!
  18. 18. Grids of many materials
  19. 19. The Ten Basics of SFG 7 - SELECT CROPS • Grow what you like to eat • Plant a different flower, vegetable or herb crop in each square foot • Plant with the desired harvest in mind • Stagger the harvest • Prevents over-planting and waste
  20. 20. Spacing Per Square Foot • 1, 4, 9, 16 • “Thin to” on seed packets • Saves seeds
  21. 21. COMPOST INGREDIENTS • Any part of a plant – roots, leaves, flowers, stems • Animal manure (no meat-eating animals) • Newspaper • Rice, wheat or peanut hulls • Weeds (don’t include weeds in this area, they are too hardy and will spring up in your garden) • Sawdust or wood shavings • Hair • Feathers
  22. 22. MORE COMPOST INGREDIENTS • Residue from fruit and vegetable processing plants • Grass clippings (dry first), straw, hay • Egg shells • Shredded branches and bark • Leaves • Old sod
  23. 23. DO NOT ADD • Animal fat, bones, meat, skin • Dairy Products • Bread and baked goods • Dog, cat or human manure • Large, woody stems or branches
  24. 24. QUICK COMPOST Remember the 4 M’s • Mix • Mash • Moisten • Move
  25. 25. FINISHED COMPOST • No recognizable ingredients • Smells “earthy” and rich • Dark brown and crumbly
  26. 26. COMPOST AMOUNTS • The more variety of ingredients – the more nutrients • No more than 20% of one ingredient in the pile • Best compost made from many (& mini) ingredients
  27. 27. DON’T WANT TO MAKE COMPOST? • Purchase bags of at least 4-5 different types of compost and mix it together. • Read the ingredients
  28. 28. Perennials
  29. 29. MAKING A VERTICAL FRAME • Electrical conduit • Elbow Coupling • Rebar • Netting
  30. 30. PLACEMENT OF VERTICAL FRAME • North side of garden or box
  31. 31. HIGH RISE GARDENING • Potatoes • Long carrots • Leeks • Add a high-rise box!
  32. 32. MAKE A FRAME
  33. 33. PROTECTION FROM CRITTERS • Above ground protection • Cats, dogs, squirrels, rabbits, etc. • Deer netting
  34. 34. Elderly • Physical Limitations • Fresh Air - Views • Adds Interest – Outlook on Life • Social Life
  35. 35. SQUARE FOOT GARDENING FOUNDATION FOR MORE INFORMATION www.squarefootgardening.com or Carol Knepp kneppster@gmail.com

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