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Canada & the homefront

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a brief description of life in Canada during WWI.

a brief description of life in Canada during WWI.

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Canada & the homefront Canada & the homefront Presentation Transcript

  • Canada & The Homefront
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  •  
  • Gearing Up For War
    • Canadian Patriotic Fund
    • Outfitting at private expense
    • To help families struggling to live on privates pay of $1.10 a day
  • Soldier boys – On the Farm
    • Soldiers of the Soil
    • When men went to war women were responsible to harvest crops
    • 12,000 young boys became knows as the Soldiers of the Soil
  • Berlin, Ontario?
    • “ Enemy Aliens” – Canada came to hate anything German
    • They pressured the Government to fire German and Austrian immigrants who held government jobs
    • No Teaching German in Schools
    • No Beethoven
    • City of Berlin, Ontario to be renamed Kitchener (British Secretary of War)
  • Part of German National Anthem
    • Germany, Germany above all,
    • over everything in the world,
    • When it steadfastly holds together,
    • offensively and defensively.
  • $$VICTORY$$
    • Savings bond created by the Government
    • Generate revenue to pay for the war effort
    • We still have them today – “savings bonds”
  • Munitions – “Gotta get me a Ross Rifle!”
    • Munitions – another significant contribution to the war effort
    • Shipped millions of dollars worth of shells and explosives
    • More than 250 000 Canadians worked for munitions industry
  • Shell Committee and IMB
    • Shell Committee set up by Minister of Militia, Sam Huges
    • It’s job was to bid for British artillery-shell contracts and find Canadian manufacturers to fill the orders
    • Friend’s of Huges were dishonest
    • Borden agreed, set up the IMB (Imperial Munitions Board)
  • Women & WWI
    • So many men gone to war Canada was crying for workers
  • What did Women do?
    • 30 000 women worked in munition factories
    • Aircraft factories, machine shops, metal foundries, shipyards
    • Overseas jobs – nurses
    • Once war was over women were expected to return home to their traditional roles
  • Women get the vote!!
    • 1914 women still denied the right to vote
    • During the war Borden changed his mind
    • At first only certain women were enfranchised
  • VOTE!
    • The Wartime Elections Act of 1917 gave Canadian nurses with the armed forces and the wives, sisters, and mothers of Canadian soldiers a vote in upcoming federal election
    • During election campaign Borden pledged to extend the vote to all women if elected
    • After the war Borden extended the vote to women over age of 21
    • Military Casualties in World War I 1914-1918
    • Belgium 45,550
    • British Empire 942,135
    • France 1,368,000
    • Greece 23,098
    • Italy 680,000
    • Japan 1,344
    • Montenegro 3,000
    • Portugal 8,145
    • Romania 300,000
    • Russia 1,700,000
    • Serbia 45,000
    • United States 116,516
    • Austria-Hungary 1,200,000
    • Bulgaria 87,495
    • Germany 1,935,000
    • Ottoman Empire 725,000
  • Canada
    • Total Enlisted 619 636
    • Total Deaths 59 544
    • Total Non fatal 172 950
    • Total Population 7.5 million
  • Dulce et Decorum Est – Truly honorable to die for one’s country
    • Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs And towards our distant rest began to trudge. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind; Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots Of tired, outstripped Five-Nines that dropped behind.
    • Gas! GAS! Quick, boys! - An ecstasy of fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; But someone still was yelling out and stumbling, And flound'ring like a man in fire or lime... Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light, As under a green sea, I saw him drowning.
    • In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning.
    • If in some smothering dreams you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin; If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues, - My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori.