History of canada


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History of canada

  1. 1. Canada is a country with over 33 million inhabitants that occupies the northern North America and is the second largest country in the world. After the discovery of America, other European countries arrived in search of new lands. Settlers from England and France came to the northern part of America and fought to stay there. After several battles between France and England, the colonies were conquered by the English in the eighteenth century.
  2. 2.  In the general election of 2000 were Jean Chrétien and the Liberal Party of Canada. Canada took part in the War in Afghanistan from 2001 and still has troops there , having an important role in the invasion of Canada in Afghanistan . In March 2006, Stephen Harper traveled to Afghanistan to show their support for President Hamid Karzai and the Canadian troops in Kandahar, Canada sent 15,000 men to Afghanistan until 2008, of which about 2,500 are deployed and 81 Canadians have died between February 2002 to March 16, 2008.
  3. 3.  In February 1993, due to a mix of economic problems and political discord Brian Mulroney resigned and was replaced as Prime Minister and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Kim Campbell on June 13, 1993, being the first woman to hold the position of Prime Minister of Canada. In the general election of October 25, 1999, the Liberal Party of Canada won an incredible victory  Kim Campbell
  4. 4. The first Canadians were the ancestors of the American Indians who came across the Bering Strait prior to 20000. Causes approximately 6000. C. crossed the Bering Strait ancestors which form the Dorset culture was replaced by the Thule
  5. 5.  The Seven Years' War was a series of trade disputes and colonial rivalry between French and English. Which was given in North America , Initially Britain suffered a defeat at Fort Duquesne and fails when trying to take Crown Point in 1755 .The French counterattacks succeeded in taking Fort William Henry, Fort George and Fort Oswego in 1756. But the French forces led by General Louis-Saint-Veran Josep, Marquis de Montcalm soon be incapacitated to receive help from the metropolis of France due to the blockade of the British Royal Navy.
  6. 6.  Conservative Prime Minister Sir Robert Laird Borden responded to the war in Europe mobilizing hundreds of thousands of volunteers, because of the 8 million inhabitants 620,000 left for the war, 57,000 soldiers dying in it. Canadian troops were deployed in Russia, Britain, France, Salonika, Mesopotamia and Palestine. Newfoundland contributed 12,000 men, of whom 1,000 were killed, and were intended to Scotland, Belgium, France and Gallipoli. Canadian troops distinguished themselves during the battle for Vimy Ridge to take the hill on April 15, 1917
  7. 7.  The eastern part of the present territory of Canada was first described in 1498 by the Venetian Juan Sebastian Cabot. Shortly after the expedition began coming to America early English, French and Spanish fishermen who had heard of the abundance of cod in Newfoundland banks through the issuance of Cabot and Jacques Cartier explored by 1534-1535
  8. 8.  The first attempt to colonize Canada failed in 1541. Newfoundland was annexed to the British Empire by Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1583. The first permanent French colony was the Acadia (Nova Scotia) founded in 1604 by Samuel de Champlain, being followed in 1608 by the Colony of Quebec. In 1627 Cardinal Richelieu founded a joint stock company . In 1628 Sir William Alexander set up a Scottish colony in what is now Scotland. The French founded new settlements in Trois-Rivières in 1634 and Montreal in 1642. In 1663 under King Louis XIV of France the colony of New France happens to be under the direct authority of the king.
  9. 9.  Each nation was distinguished by a cross of a different colour. France long had a red cross on its banners while England used a white cross. In the course of history, red and white alternated as the national colours of France and England.  Red and white were approved as Canada's official colours in the proclamation of her coat of arms in 1921.  In 1957, the colour of the maple leaves on the shield of the Royal Arms of Canada was changed from green on a white ground to red on a white ground in recognition of Canada's official colours.