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Vietnam D
Vi t
Development I f
l
t Information Center
ti
C t

The World Bank in Vietnam
Th W ld B k i Vi

Vietnam Blended ...
Schedule
I
Introduction to Project Appraisal & MACCs
d i
P j A
i l MACC
 Case Study Case Study: Redland City Council
 C...
Introduction to
Project Appraisal & MACCs
WHAT ARE MARGINAL ABATEMENT COST CURVES
(MACCS)?
“A MACC is an economic decision making tool, designed to assist managers ...
MACCS
HOW TO READ A MACC
Projects that present net savings are located
below the horizontal axis, and should be
prioritise...
MACCS
BACKGROUND

In the past, MACCs have mainly been
focused at the macroeconomic
level…
BACK
KGROUND

MACCS
MACCS
BACKGROUND

In h
I the past, MACC h
MACCs have mainly b
l been f
focused at
d
the macroeconomic level…
…but this is ...
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
The steps are summarised as follows:
p
1.

Identify potential abatement projects

2.
2

Conduct ...
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
E.G.T
-5

RETROFIT
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
E.G.T
-5

RETROFIT
MACCS
HOW TO BUILD A MACC
Case Study: Redland Cit Council
C
St d R dl d City C
il
MACCS
CASE STUDY

Development of a comprehensive
carbon inventory + organisation
specific MACC for a large local council i...
MACCS
CASE STUDY – CARBON FOOTPRINT (OVERVIEW)
MACCS
CASE STUDY – CARBON FOOTPRINT (DETAIL)
MACCS
CASE STUDY – TARGETS / OBJECTIVES
Corporate emissions reduction targets set:
- based on 1998 levels
- 25% by 2020
- ...
MACCS
CASE STUDY – TARGETS / OBJECTIVES

Used carbon footprint and modelling to figure out what they need
to achieve, now ...
MACCS
CASE STUDY – APPROACH
2 MACCs created for purposes of legibility
- efficiency measures
- fuel switching measures
• T...
EFFICIENCY MEASU
Y
URES

MACCS
FUEL SWITCH
HING

MACCS
MACCS
CASE STUDY – FINDINGS
 Large scale solar, on-site wind, natural gas cogeneration, LED lighting and hybrid
vehicles ...
MACCS
CASE STUDY – FINDINGS

26
MACCS
CASE STUDY – FINDINGS

27
Carbon Abatement
C b
Ab t
t
Project Appraisal Exercise
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
Important notes!
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE

Answer the following Questions
1.

What are your company’s Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions in t/C...
CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE

PRESENTATIONS
UQ SMART – The University of Queensland (Australia)

Viện Khoa học năng lượng (Việt Nam)
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IES MACC

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Educational Material of Vietnam Blended Learning Program, undertaken by Institute of Energy Science, with support of World Bank and Vietnam Development Information Center

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Transcript of "IES MACC"

  1. 1. Vietnam D Vi t Development I f l t Information Center ti C t The World Bank in Vietnam Th W ld B k i Vi Vietnam Blended Learning Program CARBON ABATEMENT PROJECT APPRAISAL EXERCISE Proposed by: UQ SMART – The University of Queensland (Australia) Institute of Energy Science (Vietnam)
  2. 2. Schedule I Introduction to Project Appraisal & MACCs d i P j A i l MACC  Case Study Case Study: Redland City Council  Carbon Abatement Project Appraisal Exercise
  3. 3. Introduction to Project Appraisal & MACCs
  4. 4. WHAT ARE MARGINAL ABATEMENT COST CURVES (MACCS)? “A MACC is an economic decision making tool, designed to assist managers to identify, rank and prioritise the implementation of GHG abatement projects. Projects are ranked from lowest (most desirable) to highest cost per tonne of CO2-e reduced” A MACC presents three visual indicators: • The cost per tonne CO2-e abatement for a project • The volume of abatement that the project can deliver (annually or over project life) at that cost per tonne CO2-e abatement • The given point at which it becomes cheaper to purchase carbon offsets or permits i.e. where abatement is no longer competitive with offsets.
  5. 5. MACCS HOW TO READ A MACC Projects that present net savings are located below the horizontal axis, and should be prioritised for implementation. By B contrast, projects found above the f d b h horizontal axis have a net cost to implement per tonne of CO2-e reduce. A MACC may be considered as part of a pre-feasibility assessment of potential GHG abatement projects.
  6. 6. MACCS BACKGROUND In the past, MACCs have mainly been focused at the macroeconomic level…
  7. 7. BACK KGROUND MACCS
  8. 8. MACCS BACKGROUND In h I the past, MACC h MACCs have mainly b l been f focused at d the macroeconomic level… …but this is not very valuable to a business, unless a MACC reflects the organisational l fl h i i l or facility level.
  9. 9. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC The steps are summarised as follows: p 1. Identify potential abatement projects 2. 2 Conduct high level technical / risk pre feasibility analysis of each project high-level pre-feasibility 3. Gather financial and GHG information on each project 4. Determine NPV and net emissions savings (NES) for each project 5. Develop the MACC (you will do this).
  10. 10. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC
  11. 11. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC
  12. 12. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC E.G.T -5 RETROFIT
  13. 13. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC
  14. 14. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC E.G.T -5 RETROFIT
  15. 15. MACCS HOW TO BUILD A MACC
  16. 16. Case Study: Redland Cit Council C St d R dl d City C il
  17. 17. MACCS CASE STUDY Development of a comprehensive carbon inventory + organisation specific MACC for a large local council in Queensland.
  18. 18. MACCS CASE STUDY – CARBON FOOTPRINT (OVERVIEW)
  19. 19. MACCS CASE STUDY – CARBON FOOTPRINT (DETAIL)
  20. 20. MACCS CASE STUDY – TARGETS / OBJECTIVES Corporate emissions reduction targets set: - based on 1998 levels - 25% by 2020 - 50% by 2030 y -75% by 2050 Objective: Model to determine out how does this translate into annual emissions reduction targets?
  21. 21. MACCS CASE STUDY – TARGETS / OBJECTIVES Used carbon footprint and modelling to figure out what they need to achieve, now to plan how to do it most cost effectively...
  22. 22. MACCS CASE STUDY – APPROACH 2 MACCs created for purposes of legibility - efficiency measures - fuel switching measures • Two years of intensive eco-efficiency program meant they needed to look hard and outside the box for additional savings • Data availability issues and typical people barriers. g g p g • Electronic framework created for ongoing updating.
  23. 23. EFFICIENCY MEASU Y URES MACCS
  24. 24. FUEL SWITCH HING MACCS
  25. 25. MACCS CASE STUDY – FINDINGS  Large scale solar, on-site wind, natural gas cogeneration, LED lighting and hybrid vehicles remain cost prohibitive technologies for now...  Economics of solar and LED projects constantly changing…  Projects are hampered by cheap electricity rates and short asset life cycles  A large portion of ‘low hanging fruit has been ‘picked’, likely a consequence of low fruit’ picked achieving impressive reductions in recent years  Reductions getting harder to find and cheap ‘no regrets’ projects and their contribution are increasingly small. 25
  26. 26. MACCS CASE STUDY – FINDINGS 26
  27. 27. MACCS CASE STUDY – FINDINGS 27
  28. 28. Carbon Abatement C b Ab t t Project Appraisal Exercise
  29. 29. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
  30. 30. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
  31. 31. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
  32. 32. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE
  33. 33. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE Important notes!
  34. 34. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE Answer the following Questions 1. What are your company’s Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions in t/CO2e 2. Have any activities been excluded? 3. What is your company’s ‘carbon intensity’ in tCo2-e/$000?
  35. 35. CARBON FOOTPRINT EXERCISE PRESENTATIONS
  36. 36. UQ SMART – The University of Queensland (Australia) Viện Khoa học năng lượng (Việt Nam)
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