Chapter 1 - Working Together in Collaboration, Consultation, and Teams

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Chapter 1 - Working Together in Collaboration, Consultation, and Teams

  1. 1. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-1  Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston 1 Working Together in Collaboration, Consultation, and Teams Chapter 1 This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: -any public performance or display including transmission of any image over a network; -preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; -any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
  2. 2. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-2 The concept of the “little red schoolhouse” where one teacher serves the diverse needs of all students doesn’t meet the needs of 21st century schools. Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Times they are a changing
  3. 3. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-3 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Why Work Together and Not Autonomously?  It is unlikely that one person possesses enough knowledge and ability so it is reasonable and advisable to consult with others, collaborate and team up, working in partnerships with others to achieve common goals.  Responsibilities have escalated and expanded.  Teaching is a multidimensional activity.
  4. 4. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-4 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Action 1.1 Identifying Teacher Responsibilities  List all of the various responsibilities you can think of that a teacher typically performs during the course of a school year. Expect to come up with dozens and dozens.  Team up with other teachers in the class in various grade levels, content areas and roles. The combined lists should be varied and impressive.  The process itself is an example of teamwork with each person adding information from his or her own perspective and experience.
  5. 5. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-5 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Consultation, Collaboration, and Co-Teaching . . . Shades of Meaning client consult consultant consultee network collaborate co-teaching consulting teamwork collaborative ethic co-educator
  6. 6. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-6 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston “Collaborative school consultation with teamwork is an interactive process in which school personnel in general education and special education, related services and support personnel, families of students, and the students themselves, are working together and sharing their diversity of knowledge and expertise to define needs and then plan, implement, assess, follow through, and follow up on ways of helping students develop to their fullest.” (Dettmer, Knackendoffel, & Thurston, 2013) Defining Consultation, Collaboration with Teamwork
  7. 7. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-7 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Defining Consultation, Collaboration with Teamwork “Co-educators are persons who collaborate, consult, and work as a team to provide appropriate learning experiences for learners’ diverse needs. Co- educators can be school-based such as teachers and related services or support personnel, or home-based such as family members or caregivers for students; and community-based in support roles.” (Dettmer, Knackendoffel, & Thurston, 2013)
  8. 8. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-8 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Collaboration in the School Setting  Collaboration on a regular basis in schools has been more occasional and happenstance than frequent and planned.  Blocks of time for collaboration are necessary but difficult to come by in the busy school day.  Structures for working together and training to do so has been minimal.  Assessment of collaborative outcomes has been the exception.  Technology has changed the ways educators communicate.
  9. 9. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-9 Action 1.2 Categorizing Teacher Responsibilities Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston  Instructional  Curricular  Managerial  Evaluative  Supportive  Professional-growth related Which tasks would be carried out most productively and enjoyably in collaborative contexts?
  10. 10. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-10 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston  Special education teachers may be concerned that collaboration time will take away time available for direct services for students.  Professional development sessions could provide opportunities to work together but are often highly structured and short-lived for productive interaction.  Professionals cannot be coerced into being collegial. Along with incentive and time, they need structure, practice, encouragement and feedback. Motivation for Working Together
  11. 11. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-11 Recognizing and Accommodating Adult Differences Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Individual differences of adults are rich ingredients for successful collaborations.
  12. 12. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-12 Distinguishing Among Consultation, Collaboration, and Working in Teams Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Consultation Collaboration Consultant contributes specialized expertise toward problem, consultee delivers utilizing that expertise Voluntary -- working together for mutual benefit Successful consultants use different styles of interaction under different circumstances within different situations Assume equal ownership of problems and solutions Simultaneously managing consultation components and interpersonal aspects such as building trust with consultees A way of being, not a set of isolated actions
  13. 13. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-13 Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Collaborative Consultation What it IS  Way of being —not a set of isolated actions  Working together for mutual benefit  Collaborating consultant must first do no harm and then deliver services that are academically and ethically sound  Voluntary  Encouraging colleagues to develop their skills and personal strengths What it is NOT  Not therapy, counseling or supervision  Not an expert coming to solve the problem  Not talk or discussion for its own sake  Not hierarchical or judgmental  Not used as a money-saving strategy in inclusive settings to reduce number of teachers  Not forced
  14. 14. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-14 Roles and Responsibilities Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston  Two heads are better than one, and several heads are better yet.  Any person who consults in one situation may be a consultee or even a client in another. (e.g., In the most traditional approach the special education teacher might be the consultant, the general education teacher the consultee and the student the client or target of the intervention)
  15. 15. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-15 Interchangeable Roles in Collaborative School Consultation Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston
  16. 16. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-16 Case Study Template Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston A. Description of the Scene or Situation B. Initiator/Convener of the Collaborative Consultation Activity C. Processes for: 1. Defining of Problem(s) and Need(s) 2. Developing Possible Collaborative Action(s), with Critique of Them 3. Determining Plan for Collaborative Action 4. Making Collaborative Decision about Activating Proposed Plan 5. Follow-Through Action and By Whom 6. Follow-Up Action by When and by Whom 7. Evaluation of the Collaborative Consultation Process
  17. 17. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-17 History of Educational Reform Movements Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston
  18. 18. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-18 History of Collaborative School Consultation Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston
  19. 19. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-19 History of Collaborative School Consultation (cont.) Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston 1980 to 2000  Consultation became a significant educational trend in the mid-1980s for serving students with special needs.  Regular Education Initiative called for collaboration between general and special education personnel to provide special services with the general education classroom  In 1986, PL 99-457 expanded FAPE to preschool children with disabilities, ages 3-5.  1990, PL 94-142 was amended and the name changed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
  20. 20. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-20 History of Collaborative School Consultation (cont.) Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Since 2000  No Child Left Behind (NCLB)  Adequate Yearly Progress.  IDEA 2004 Reauthorization  Race to Top Agenda  Common Core Standards
  21. 21. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-21 Common Core Standards Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston  Point out key knowledge and skills teachers should focus on  Raise expectations  Bring national consistency to expectations for high quality  Align teacher education programs with the standards  Make student achievement data and research findings available to determine what works in education Common Core Standards (2010) are intended to: The Common Core Standards stipulate that students with disabilities are to have the same rigorous education as students without disabilities.
  22. 22. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-22 Technology for Working Together Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston Technology is a useful tool for instruction and collaboration in inclusive learning environments . Categories of application for technology tools:  Gathering and sharing information  Communicating with co- educators  Developing resources for curriculum and instruction  Organizing and managing data  Networking with others
  23. 23. ©2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved1-23 Ethics for Working Together Collaboration, Consultation, and Teamwork, 7e Dettmer, Knackendoffel & Thurston  An ethical climate for collaborative school consultation and teamwork calls for a system of values and principles in which beliefs and actions about working together will guide practices and inspire excellence.  Collaborators must create environments in which respect and caring characterize their professional interactions.  Ethical collaborators respect the worth and potential of every individual.

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