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Words have POWER of their OWN
They can Encourage and Empower
or
Discourage and Dishearten.
The Language we use to describe...
Language of Disability
There are certain words and phrases, which
when used in regards to disability, may lead
to a negati...
Use People First Language
• People First Language describes a
person according to WHAT A PERSON
HAS and NOT according to w...
Some Examples
USE THIS INSTEAD OF THIS
People with Disabilities,
disabled persons or people
The disabled, the
handicapped,...
Some More Examples of People First Language
USE THIS INSTEAD OF THIS
Uses a wheelchair Is confined to a wheelchair, is
whe...
When using the term “Normal”
When referring to what is normal, or
inferring what is abnormal, be careful to
indicate you a...
Some ways to use the term
NORMAL
USE THIS INSTEAD OF THIS
Normal development, normally
developing
Normal Child
Child witho...
Do Remember
Disability is not a disease and is
not necessarily tragic. Persons
with Disabilities can and do live
regular, ...
Sunil and Shweta
Sahasrabudhe are proud deaf
adults and sign language users.
Sneha Sarkar, who is
profoundly deaf, is curr...
Surja Shekhar, who has an intellectual disability is a professional
dancer.
Sachin, Bhagyashree and Lata, who are all blind, are professional
massage therapists.
Jeeja Ghosh, who has Cerebral Palsy, works for the Indian
Institute of Cerebral Palsy, Kolkata, is an advocate for the Rig...
So please remember that
Disability is simply a condition
and the lives of persons with
disabilities are not necessarily
bo...
• SPECIAL is a commonly used term in relation to
disability. For example: Special education,
Special needs, Special buses,...
A bit about the term
“Differently Abled”
• No two persons have the exact same
abilities. Based on this fact, we can safely...
Den, Divya and
Navin all have a
disability, are
wheelchair users
and are
differently abled.
Den is a Radio
Jockey
Navin is...
Also, Avoid labeling PWDs as
“Handicapped”
• The words disability and handicap are not
interchangeable. A disability is a ...
Some Constraints society imposes on
PWDs
Know the language of disability
Know the language of disability
Know the language of disability
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Know the language of disability

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The words that we use affect us as well as those around us. We need to learn to

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Know the language of disability

  1. 1. Words have POWER of their OWN They can Encourage and Empower or Discourage and Dishearten. The Language we use to describe someone usually creates an attitude and is also a reflection of how people in society see each other.
  2. 2. Language of Disability There are certain words and phrases, which when used in regards to disability, may lead to a negative attitude. Certain terms are preferable to others. In this presentation we have tried to provide some examples of the preferred terminology and the reasoning behind them.
  3. 3. Use People First Language • People First Language describes a person according to WHAT A PERSON HAS and NOT according to what a person IS. It puts the PERSON before the disability.
  4. 4. Some Examples USE THIS INSTEAD OF THIS People with Disabilities, disabled persons or people The disabled, the handicapped, Invalid The person has, person with, person who experienced (name of the disability) Person is afflicted with, suffers from, is a victim of Person who has cerebral palsy, has spastic muscles Is Cerebral palsied, is a spastic person Person without speech, nonverbal Mute, dumb Person who is deaf, person who has a hearing disability Deaf and dumb, deaf mute, deaf person
  5. 5. Some More Examples of People First Language USE THIS INSTEAD OF THIS Uses a wheelchair Is confined to a wheelchair, is wheelchair bound Person with intellectual impairment , person with a learning disability Retarded, mentally retarded, mongoloid Non-disabled Normal, healthy or able-bodied Has a physical disability Is crippled Person with visual impairment, person who is blind The blind
  6. 6. When using the term “Normal” When referring to what is normal, or inferring what is abnormal, be careful to indicate you are talking or writing about development and not a person or a program.
  7. 7. Some ways to use the term NORMAL USE THIS INSTEAD OF THIS Normal development, normally developing Normal Child Child without Disability Normal Child Mainstream Classroom Normal Classroom
  8. 8. Do Remember Disability is not a disease and is not necessarily tragic. Persons with Disabilities can and do live regular, fulfilling lives. Let us tell you about a few.
  9. 9. Sunil and Shweta Sahasrabudhe are proud deaf adults and sign language users. Sneha Sarkar, who is profoundly deaf, is currently studying at the Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.
  10. 10. Surja Shekhar, who has an intellectual disability is a professional dancer.
  11. 11. Sachin, Bhagyashree and Lata, who are all blind, are professional massage therapists.
  12. 12. Jeeja Ghosh, who has Cerebral Palsy, works for the Indian Institute of Cerebral Palsy, Kolkata, is an advocate for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and is married.
  13. 13. So please remember that Disability is simply a condition and the lives of persons with disabilities are not necessarily boring and uneventful. Disabled persons are more like us than different.
  14. 14. • SPECIAL is a commonly used term in relation to disability. For example: Special education, Special needs, Special buses, etc. • But do know, that “special” is not always a compliment. • Being seen as Special may seem nice if you are a top celebrity or national champion. However, being singled out “specially” as being NOT NORMAL may only add to the wounds PWDs already feel.
  15. 15. A bit about the term “Differently Abled” • No two persons have the exact same abilities. Based on this fact, we can safely assume that WE ARE ALL DIFFERENTLY ABLED. • However, using the term differently abled as against disabled implies a certain exclusion of Persons with Disabilities which is best to avoid.
  16. 16. Den, Divya and Navin all have a disability, are wheelchair users and are differently abled. Den is a Radio Jockey Navin is an ex army officer who is now into adventure sports. Divya is an actor and writer.
  17. 17. Also, Avoid labeling PWDs as “Handicapped” • The words disability and handicap are not interchangeable. A disability is a condition caused by an accident, trauma, genetics or disease which may limit a person’s mobility, hearing, vision, speech or mental function. • A handicap on the other hand is a physical or attitudinal constraint that is IMPOSED upon a person, regardless of whether that person has a disability.
  18. 18. Some Constraints society imposes on PWDs

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