Fallas&Ninots

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A presentation about fallas celebration. It focuss on the paper mache sculptures history and making process which are burn the night of the 18th of march in Valencia.

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Fallas&Ninots

  1. 1. FALLAS / FOGUERES <br />AND <br />NINOTS<br />
  2. 2. In themiddle 18th Century, Fallas wereonlyone more eventforthetypicalactivities<br />program of Saint Joseph’sday, marchthe 19th, in Valencia.<br />In themorning of marchthe18th somestreetswouldappearshowingstraw and ragdollsnexttothewalls. Theserepresentedsomebodyorsomethingthatcouldbecriticized.<br />Kidscollectingwood and oldfurnishingtoburnit at night.<br />Duringtheday (marchthe 18th) kidswouldcollectwood and oldfurnishing and pile thattoburnitwiththedolls at sunsetthenightbefore Saint Joseph. <br />Magazine iIlustration . 1860<br />
  3. 3. Cercle de Bellesarts falla. 1914<br />Doctor Collado square falla. 1912<br />Quart-Doctor Monserrat falla. 1913<br />Quart-Doctor Monserrat falla. 1914<br />
  4. 4. Buttherewas a complaintaboutthesedolls and piles of oldfurnishing and wood. As theywerelocatednexttothewalls in thestreets, theydisturbedpedestrianswalks and traffic. <br />Construction of Falla in Escalante street, In Cabañal Neighbourhood<br />Falla “día del estatut” / “Statute’sday” 1934<br />And as a reponsetothatcomplain fallas startedtobelocatedright in themiddle of widerstreets and crossroads. Thatwaytheybecame round sculptureswithmanyconstructiveposibilities. However fallas keepbeing a bigdisruptionfortraffic in town.<br />
  5. 5. 1934: Firstdoll (ninot) anual exhibition in la Lonja Valencia. Everyyeartheaudiencewhovisittheexhibition vote forthebest ninot. Thewinerdoesn’tgetburntand goestothe Ninot museumcolection. <br />LETS SEE HOW FALLAS DOLLS (NINOTS) HAVE BEEN CHANGING IN TIME<br />Set of dolls in thefirst ninot anual exhibition in 1934, La lonja Valencia<br />Iaia i neta / Grandma and grandaughter 1934<br />Llauradorsballant / Dancingfarmers 1935<br />Mareta / Mummy 1936<br />
  6. 6. Allthesedollsweremadeoutwith a woodstructure and real clothes. Theirhands and faces weremodeled in waxwithhotpaletteknives and blades<br />Venedorad’alls / TheGarlicseller 1940<br />Trini i regalito 1941<br />El vell del violí / Theoldviolinist 1942<br />However,Trini and regalito’s faces and handsweremadeout of polyester. Fallas Materialshavebeenchangingsincetheystarted. Falleros artistsare allwayslookingforbettermaterials and procedures. Theycurrently use polyester whentheyhavetomake a sculpture, not a falla, whichisnotgoingtobeburnt.<br />
  7. 7. GULLIVER (VALENCIA)Itwasdesignedby Falleros artists in the 80’s and madeout of poliester<br />
  8. 8. LETS SEE HOW FALLAS DOLLS (NINOTS) HAVE BEEN CHANGING IN TIME<br />Agranador / sweeper 1956<br />The oldpeanutsellerismadestillwithwax, a woodstructuure and real clothes. Butthesweeper’s handsweremadewithpaper mache, and hisfacewithwax. Thisisprobablythefirst time paper mache wasusedtomake fallas.<br />Cacauera estraperlista1943<br />
  9. 9. Thesewerethefirst time real clothesdisapeared, beingdepictedonlywiththesculpturematerials. Theindianfamilywasmadeonlywithpaper mache and thePrehistoricmarriagewasmadeoutwith polyester.<br />Indiantouristfamily. / Familia India turista 1956<br />PrehistoricMarriage. / MatrimoniPrehistòric 1957<br />Allthe fallas wereallwayspaintedwithoilpaint. Butcurrentlythey are paintedwithacrilicorplasticpaintwhichdriesfaster and iseasierto use.<br />
  10. 10. Oldmen chat. / Terttulia de vells 1960<br />
  11. 11. PROCESS TO MAKE A FALLA<br />TRADITIONAL WAY: PAPER MACHE<br />FIRST: THE SKETCH AND THE SCALE MODEL<br />A Sketch and a scalemodel are presentedtothe Fallera neighbourhoodassociationtobeaproved. Thisassociations are theoneswhopaytotheartistforthe falla tobemade.<br />Falla Conde Altea- Almirante Cadarso 2011<br />Once theproject, through sketch and scalemodel, isaproved, the falla startstobemade.<br />
  12. 12. Falla Convento de Jerusalén 2011<br />
  13. 13. Falla Micer Masco 2011<br />
  14. 14. Falla Na Jordana 2011<br />
  15. 15. Falla Plaza del Pilar 2011<br />
  16. 16. Thisisthe sketch forthe 2012 forthe MUNICIPAL falla.<br />Everyyearallthe fallas participate in a contestforthebests fallas. Theybelongtodifferentsectionsdependingonhowmuchtheycost.<br />The MUNICIPAL falla doesntparticipate in thatcontest, cause it’spaidwithpublicmoney and itismuch more expensivethantheothers.<br />Butthere’snotonlyone sketch forevey falla.<br />
  17. 17. Hereyou can see a sketch plan (plant, air sight) of the MUNICIPAL FALLA 2012.<br />
  18. 18. And hereyou can se separatelytwodifferentscenes in detail.<br />
  19. 19. NEXT: MAKING THE FALLA<br />Makingthe Falla is a longprocessthattakestheartistsallyear round. Thelasttwomonthstheyusuallyworkveryhardtobeon time.<br />We’regonnaseethemakingprocess of the Municipal falla in the 1991. Thisoneismade in thetraditionalmaterials and procedures: Wood and threelayers of paper mache whichpreparedtobepainted and colored at theend.<br />Firstthescalemodelisdividedintopartstobecopied in the real size.<br />Scalemodels are madeout in plaster and iseasyto divide themwith a saw<br />
  20. 20. Nextstepismaking a woodstructture of alltheparts in the real size<br />
  21. 21. Whenalltheparts are built, theartistcheckthattheyjoin and match toguetherwell<br />
  22. 22. Thenthey can modelwithclaythe figures overthewoodstructure.<br />Theclayneedstobefreshduringalltheprocess cause it’sgonnabe removed.<br />Whenalltheclaymodelingis done theartiststake a mold of itwithplaster.<br />Withthemold done, theyrecoverthesamevolumebutthis time done withthreelayers of paper mache.<br />
  23. 23. So theyattachthepaper mache tothewoodstructurethat has theclay removed.<br />Afterthat, Thepaintingprocessstarts<br />
  24. 24. Whenalltheparts are painted and readyto set up. They can bestartedtoputtoguether in thestreet.<br />Thisprocessusuallytakes a longnight. Butthe MUNICIPAL falla and someother BIG onestakeabout a weektobe set up.<br />
  25. 25. MAKING THE FALLA WITH STYROFOAM (CURRENT PROCESS AND MATERIALS)<br />Styrofoamisveryeasytoworkwith. There’smanydifferentshapesartists can get in ordertobeclosertothe target volume.<br />Butit’sverycommonto use stryrofoamsheetsstickedtoguethertomakethesculpture<br />Artistscallit “modelingthestyrofoam” butwhattheyactually do iscarvingitwith metal brushes and cutters.<br />Whenthevolumeis done thenitscoveredwithnewspaperstobepainted.<br />Thistechniqueismuchfaster, easier and letsartistsget imposible figures. Butitis a littlecontaminantwhenitburns, so it’sbeenverycriticized. They are currentlysearchingforlesscontaminantmaterials.<br />
  26. 26. MAKING THE FALLA WITH STYROFOAM (CURRENT PROCESS AND MATERIALS)<br />Thetown of Alicante“FOGUERES DE SAN JUAN” ( SAINT JUAN’S BONFIRES). Bondfires are burntthe 21st of july. <br />San Juan’sbondfires are a little bit youngerthan fallas.<br />Both are celebrationsclosetospring and summer. And both are purifyingfireceremonies.<br />Itsdifficulttofindsculturalappearingdifferencesbetween fallas and bonfires. Somepeoplesaythey are very similar and someotherssaythey look prettymuchthesame. <br />Municipal Falla 2011<br />Municipal Foguera 2011<br />
  27. 27. ANYWAYS AND ALL IN ALL THESE TWO ARE A VERY ARTISTIC FORMS OF CELEBRATION<br />THEY BELONG TO OUR (COMUNITAT VALENCIANA) VISUAL CULTURE, AND SO WE MUST KNOW, PRESERVE AND LOVE THEM<br />
  28. 28. IMAGE RESOURCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY <br /><ul><li>Ninots ardiendo.jpg (slide1): http://www.urbevalencia.es/wp-content/uploads/fallas2.jpg
  29. 29. FALLAS MUSEUM Guide, Ayto de Valencia.</li></ul> SLIDE 2: Peleles 1930.jpg,recogiendo trastos.jpg, ilustración 1860.jpg<br /> SLIDE 3: El día del estatut.jpg, falla escalante 1934.jpg.<br /><ul><li>L’INDULT DEL FOC (VOLUM I y II). Coord Gil Manuel Hdez y Martí. Ayto. Valencia 2002.</li></ul> SLIDE 4: cercle de bellesarts 1914.jpg, doctor collado 1912.jpg, falla quartmonserrat 1913.jpg, falla quartmonserrat 1914.jpg<br /> SLIDE 5:<br /><ul><li>Sketches and sclaemodels are fromwww.fallas.com SLIDES:
  30. 30. Falla makingprocess: Ayto de Valencia 1991. from URL: http://usuarios.multimania.es/Cargonmar/comosehaceunafalla.htmPicturestakenby José Martínez Mollá. SLIDES:
  31. 31. STYROFOAM SLIDE:
  32. 32. poliespanfalla.JPG http://www.iesturis.com/data/IMGP1708.JPG,
  33. 33. foto_poliespan.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-_kSeBUtXRB8/Te SEfJ8fSI/AAAAAAAAAJM/grAJwemUPBE/s1600/foto_poliespan.jpg,
  34. 34. styrofoam_hd300.jpg http://www.krumber.com/styrofoam_hd300.jpg,
  35. 35. metal brush.jpg http://www.gordonbrush.com/images/426ss.jpg, cuchillas.jpg http://images.villageorigin.com/003558-004/001.jpg?s=600
  36. 36. SLIDE Comparing Fallas and fogueres :
  37. 37. falla 2011.jpg http://i1205.photobucket.com/albums/bb440/fotos_fallas_2/2011/ff11/ayto/tf/tayto00p.jpg
  38. 38. foguera20011.jpg http://www.porahinoes.es/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/MG_6761_filtered.jpg
  39. 39. LAST FIRE SLIDE: fire.jpg http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQG1hAIJMl2r3DIqCS6oUUnZZaTwcH45dQJOgIgMYBO1XvqwTadH9CSuzjV</li>

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