Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
CHAPTER 18: BEYOND THE SIMPLE SENTENCE: SUBORDINATIONCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will be learn to: identify sentence-combining techniques that...
MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES   Review      A clause has a subject and a verb.      An independent clause is a sim...
MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES   Review Chapter 16 for Options 1–3   Option 4: Using a Dependent Clause to Begin a  ...
MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES    Using  Subordinate Conjunctions       Changing an independent clause to a dependen...
MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES    Punctuating  Complex Sentences       A complex sentence is a sentence that has one...
WHAT IS A DEPENDENT CLAUSE?A.   The basic building block of an essay.B.   The basic building block of the paragraph.C.   A...
WHAT IS A DEPENDENT CLAUSE?A.   The basic building block of an essay.B.   The basic building block of the paragraph.C.   A...
OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS THE CORRECT WAY TO COMBINETHE TWO SENTENCES BELOW?I was late for school.My car had a flat tire....
OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS THE CORRECT WAY TO COMBINETHE TWO SENTENCES BELOW?I was late for school.My car had a flat tire....
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Chapter 18

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  • Review chapter objectives.
  • Review clause, independent clause, and dependent clause.
  • Discuss Option 4 & 5 for combining simple sentences.
  • Discuss using subordinate conjunctions.Review INFO BOX: Subordinating Conjunctions.
  • Discuss punctuating complex sentences.
  • Chapter 18

    1. 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    2. 2. CHAPTER 18: BEYOND THE SIMPLE SENTENCE: SUBORDINATIONCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    3. 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will be learn to: identify sentence-combining techniques that rely on subordinating conjunctions, distinguish between dependent and independent clauses, and generate and punctuate sentences. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    4. 4. MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES Review  A clause has a subject and a verb.  An independent clause is a simple sentence; it is a group of words, with a subject and verb, that makes sense by itself.  Another kind of clause, a dependent clause, has a subject and a verb, but it does not make sense by itself. It depends on the rest of the sentence to give it meaning.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    5. 5. MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES Review Chapter 16 for Options 1–3 Option 4: Using a Dependent Clause to Begin a Sentence  Combine simple sentences by changing an independent clause from one sentence into a dependent clause and placing it at the beginning of the new sentence. Option 5: Using a Dependent Clause to End a Sentence  Combine simple sentences by changing an independent clause from one sentence into a dependent clause and placing it at the end of the new sentence.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    6. 6. MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES  Using Subordinate Conjunctions Changing an independent clause to a dependent one is called subordinating. To subordinate, you add a subordinating word, called a subordinating conjunction, to an independent clause, making it dependent, or subordinate, in the new sentence. INFO BOX: Subordinating ConjunctionsCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    7. 7. MORE ON COMBINING SIMPLE SENTENCES  Punctuating Complex Sentences A complex sentence is a sentence that has one independent clause and one (or more) dependent clause(s). If the dependent clause comes at the beginning of the sentence, put a comma after the dependent clause. If the dependent clause comes at the end of the sentence, do not put a comma in front of the dependent clause. INFO BOX: Options for Combining SentencesCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    8. 8. WHAT IS A DEPENDENT CLAUSE?A. The basic building block of an essay.B. The basic building block of the paragraph.C. A clause that has a subject and verb, but it does not make sense by itself.D. A clause that has a subject and verb and makes sense by itself.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    9. 9. WHAT IS A DEPENDENT CLAUSE?A. The basic building block of an essay.B. The basic building block of the paragraph.C. A clause that has a subject and verb, but it does not make sense by itself.D. A clause that has a subject and verb and makes sense by itself.distinguish between dependent and independentclausesCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    10. 10. OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS THE CORRECT WAY TO COMBINETHE TWO SENTENCES BELOW?I was late for school.My car had a flat tire.A. Because my car had a flat tire: I was late for work.B. Because my car had a flat tire; I was late for work.C. Because my car had a flat tire, I was late for work.D. Because my car had a flat tire I was late for work.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    11. 11. OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS THE CORRECT WAY TO COMBINETHE TWO SENTENCES BELOW?I was late for school.My car had a flat tire.A. Because my car had a flat tire: I was late for work.B. Because my car had a flat tire; I was late for work.C. Because my car had a flat tire, I was late for work.D. Because my car had a flat tire I was late for work.identify sentence-combining techniques that rely onsubordinating conjunctions,Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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