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Unity, coherence, emphasis


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Unity, coherence, emphasis

  1. 1. UNITY
  2. 2. SENTENCE UNITY Asentence has unity if it expresses only one main idea.
  4. 4. ConsistentUse of Tenses
  5. 5.  A verb in an adverbial clause generally agrees with the tense ofthe verb in the main clause.
  6. 6. EXAMPLE:We finished our work before we watched “GGV”.
  7. 7.  The verb in the adjective clause doesn’t need to agree in the tense with the verb in the main clause when the two actions are not necessarily related in time of occurrence.
  8. 8. EXAMPLE:Ms. Dragona, whowas my teacher inelementary, is now in Antarctica.
  9. 9.  The verb takes the present tense of theverb if the idea being expressed is a universal truth or arelatively permanent condition.
  10. 10. EXAMPLE: The sun rises in the east.
  11. 11. Use the tense form of the wordthat tells the time of action onewishes to express.
  12. 12. EXAMPLE: He was in Manila last week, but now he is in Baguio.
  13. 13. Consistent use of Number
  14. 14. Avoid unnecessary shifting from first person to thirdperson or vice versa
  15. 15. EXAMPLE:If the students pass their project on time, they willobtain a good mark.
  16. 16. ConsistentUse of Persons of pronouns
  17. 17. Shifting persons of pronouns will destroy unity. The pronouns must agree with their antecedents.
  18. 18. EXAMPLES:Everybody is entitled to his own opinion.She is inviting us to attend her celebration.
  19. 19. Consistent Use of Subject
  20. 20. Donot shiftsubject in a sentence.
  21. 21. EXAMPLE:Students stay up late at night but the projects are not usually accomplished.
  22. 22. Consistentuse of Voice
  23. 23. Voice is the aspect of a verb that tellswhether the subjectperforms or receives the action.
  24. 24. EXAMPLES: Active The department chair held a meeting and discussed some important matters for the upcoming seminar. PassiveAn inspirational message is given.
  25. 25. Consistentuse of Mood
  26. 26. Mood is an aspect of the verb which indicates whether the action or condition is factual (indicative) or contrary to fact (subjunctive)
  27. 27. Consistent use of Language
  28. 28. Use the same language throughout thesentence. Avoid the use of foreign terms andphrases which have notbeen incorporated into the language.
  29. 29. COHERENCE
  30. 30. It means putting ideasin logical order showingtheir relationship withone another. Thesentence elementsshould be in properword order.
  32. 32. Avoidmisplaced and dangling modifier.
  33. 33. MISPLACED MODIFIERa word or phrase that modifies the wrong word.Example:Faulty: Listening to the radio, bits of news are picked up by the students.
  34. 34. DANGLING MODIFIERA word that the verbal phrase should logically modify is not the sentence.Example:Faulty: To glean an information, the channel is turned to “Magandang Gabi Bayan”.
  35. 35. One-wordmodifiers of nounsare usually placed before the nouns they modify.
  36. 36. Phrase and clausemodifiers of nounsare usually placedimmediately after the words they modify.
  37. 37. EXAMPLES:The child, playing with his playmates, called his nursemaid to bring them his toys.I met the man who painted this exquisite artwork.
  38. 38. Phrase modifiers maybe placed at thebeginning of thesentence that the nounor pronoun that followsis the subject of theword modified.
  39. 39. EXAMPLE:Having been guiltyof the accusations,he finds way for hisway out.
  40. 40. Two phrases or clauseswhich are parallel inform and which modifythe same word may beplaced either before orafter the word theymodify.
  41. 41. EXAMPLE:She is studying hardbecause she wants toplease her parentsand because she aimsfor higher grades.
  42. 42. Having gone toBaguio and havingvisited some of itsplaces, I wished tohave a house in one ofthose places.
  44. 44. CHRONOLOGICAL ORDERitis timeorder, the orderin which eventshappen.
  45. 45. EXAMPLE:Papier mache sculpture can bemade from a few items. First, cutnewspaper into one or two inchstrips. Then, dip the paper into amixture of water and whitepaste. Finally, mold the stripsover a box, a hanger, or waddednewspaper. The shape you createwill soon harden.
  46. 46. SPATIAL ORDERone describes theposition of one partor object in relationto another.
  47. 47.  Entering city hall is liketraveling in a time machine.Outside, the century oldmarble steps and columnsgreet you like an ancientcaretaker. But once inside themajestic doors, you are met byclicking typewriters andbeeping computers.
  48. 48. ORDER OF IMPORTANCEOne begins with the mostimportant details and end with the least importantdetails. You can also begin with the least important and end with the most important.
  49. 49. Example:Glenda Almo was more fortunatethan themotherless, fatherless, little childscavenging for food on streets. Shehad a father. She had a warmhouse. - And she had a friend- hergrandmother. She was very old andnot strong, but she loved Glendaand took care of her. Glenda’sfather was too busy to pay muchattention to her, but hergrandmother was always there