Warm Up: In your passport…draw a line under your last notes behind section # 3 and title the first open space directly below the Rome. Name three items that you use in your life that you believe comes from Italy? (write out the question and answer it)
Acrostics Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria 4-Pickled Cabbage Smells Awful
Acronyms Switzerland, Italy, Sicily, Ty Sea, Africa 5- SISTA (credit Dan Young)
The Origins of Rome The Geography and The Legend…
Key Topic: The Rise of Rome Main Idea # 1:Geography played an important role in the rise of Roman civilization Main Idea # 2: The origins of Rome (How it began) Main Idea # 3: Early influences on the Roman culture- the Etruscans
Main Idea # 1 : Geography played an important role in the rise of Roman Civilization
The Geography of Italy
A little bit closer..
Mapping Rome & its surrounding!! 1. Use pages 84 –85 in the atlas 2. Use page R16-R17, pg 263, 274 in your textbook
Main Idea # 1 Comparing the Geography ITALY Peninsula Pleasant Climate Large Islands (Sicily, & Sardinia) Mountainous, but passable. Gravel Roads from coast to coast Dense Forest & Plains for farming = capacity for a larger population. GREECE Peninsula Pleasant Climate Small islands Very Mountainous No passable roads Rocky Soil = smaller, isolated civilizations.
Main Idea # 2 The origins of Rome (How it began)
Main Idea # 2 Aeneas and followers flee Troy after loss to the Mycenaeans & Greeks. Land at the mouth of the Tiber River Integrate Latins with Trojans Aeneas becomes the “father” of Rome. Is this fact or fiction?
The Legend ofRomulus and Remus
Main Idea # 2 Romulus & Remus Recap Twin Brothers raised by a wolf. Romulus fights & kills his brother, Remus Romulus becomes the first King of Rome 753 B.C.E. Fact or fiction??
Main Idea # 2 Latins settle on the plain of Latium around 1000 B.C.E. Between 800 and 700 B.C.E. people band together here for protection. = Rome
Main Idea # 3 Early influences on the Roman culture : The Etruscans
Main Idea # 3 Between 800 & 650 BCE the Etruscans came to Rome from a Northern part of Italy called Eturia
Warm Up! Remembering in the true Aristotle syllogism form… The Romans were influenced by the Etruscans The Etruscans had a colorful and interesting life ????????????????????????????????????? In order to understand the culture of the Romans we must focus on the culture of the Etruscans, since the Romans adopted much of what the Etruscans did!
Main Idea # 3 2. Nicknames: Italy’s first civilized people People of the Sea – Pirates The Etruscans Contributed many things to Rome, they did not necessarily make/found these ideas themselves, but rather brought them to the attention of the Romans
Etruscans Contributions to Rome From pg 264-265 in Journey Across Time Olives & Grapes Alphabet Architecture Sculptures Literature Metalworking Mining Model for Army Trading Set up the streets, temples, & public building in Rome Dress – Togas with short cloaks (sign of status) Made brick houses rather than straw huts
Etruscans Contributions to Rome From pg 211-213 in Human Heritage Hilltop cities Heavy leather shoes with laces Tunnels & Dams to drain fields Bright colors Games: Gambling Backgammon Dice Chess Sports Wrestling Boxing Horse Racing Drainage in the Streets
Etruscans Contributions to Rome From pg 213- 214 in Human Heritage Gods Modeled after Greeks (IE Zeus = Jupiter; Aphrodite = Venus) Believe humans are powerless against the gods Built Temples (1st temple ever built is now in the middle of Rome) Soothsayers – people who predict the future (set the cities boundaries) Omens – signs of what is to happen
Etruscans Contributions to Rome From pg 213- 214 in Human Heritage Tombs of Gold Catacombs – tombs under the ground Necropolis – cemeteries outside the city
Etruscans Contributions to Rome From pg 215-216 in Human Heritage Arch 1st Sewer system Forum – public square Use Greek Alphabet Gladiatorial Games Triumph – victory parade Municipal –center of a Roman city Fasces – bundle of rods bound around an ax – show status