Speeding Ticket with …..• Do First: – What were the Renaissance? – Spreading of the Renaissance?
What were the Renaissance? •It was the rebirth of thinking •Started in Italy in the 14th century (1300 – 1500) •Why do you think it started in Italy?? •Where Rome was, center of all trade routes
Spreading of the Renaissance •Crusades strengthened trade with the East •Trade helped spread new ideas. •Trade also made people rich and able to support the arts & make the city beautiful. (now use $$ NOT bartering) •Marco Polo
Think about this… 1. Should a religion rule the country? 2. Should you judge a person by their $$ or their brain?
Humanists•Separation of church and state for the firsttime•The mind is important not the social class•The individual is important…and so is your time on this Earth, not just the afterlife
To construct a cupola, or dome, that wouldn’t collapse, Brunelleschi designed a dometo fit the octagonal (eight-sided) base. His cupola has eight massive marble ribs, orarches, that interlock at the lantern at the top of the dome. The weight of these ribs issupported by hoops of oak, iron, and brick that bind them to the base. Over and underthe ribs are twin domes, or shells— an inner dome and an outer dome. Between thesetwo domes are 8 large ribs and 16 smaller ribs connected by bricks for additionalsupport.
Three ideas the Renaissance used from Rome/ Greece? •Dome •Columns •Arches
How did Brunelleschi build the dome?•He used 8 arches that met in themiddle that supported the most weight
• In our demo:• What did we use as our arches?• What was our base?• What was the beach ball?
Who was one of themost famous patrons of the arts? •The Medicis
Advances in paintings•Lifelike•Perspective – making the painting look 3-D •Making objects smaller and larger•Depth •Lines that meet in the middle of a painting•Oil painting
SculptureMichelangelo steadily chiseled away at agiant, misshapen block of marble for twoyears before he completed his David in1504. Florentine leaders immediatelyrecognized the work’s tremendousartistic value. When they placed David ona pedestal and installed the enormoussculpture in the plaza of the city hall, thepeople of Florence celebrated withdancing and parades. The David quicklyestablished Michelangelo as the greatestsculptor in all of Italy. Can you sculpt?
What were the sculptures like? •Realistic like Rome •Free standing like Rome & Greece •The statues had personality
Some great sculptors of the time were: Michelangelo Donatello
Advances in Science & MathLeonardo is said to have painted in the church ofOrsanmichele. But his skills and interests tookhim all over Florence. No matter where Leonardowas, he constantly searched for knowledge. Hekept detailed notes and complex drawings onhundreds of subjects. Many of these drawingsanticipated inventions long before their time.Most of the 4,200 pages of notes he kept werewritten in reverse script, or backward, so that theycould only be read easily if held up to a mirror.Some historians think Leonardo did this toprevent people from stealing his ideas.
Who was one of the mostinfluential thinkers of the Renaissance? •Leonardo da Vinci
How did the study of science change during the Renaissance? •They questioned old ideas, made observations, performed experiments, and analyzed results (does this sound familiar)
PoliticsThe Quotes are on the table directly in front of this one! Make sure to comment!
How were the Medicis able to rule for so long? •They built a powerful army, involved of every aspect of city life, sponsored all types of arts, and defeated their enemies One day a revolution broke out and the Medici went into temporary exile….in the mean time a man named Machiavelli wrote The Prince
Machiavelli’s The Prince•It was really importantbecause it showed how thegovernment of Italy reallyworked during theRenaissance
Machiavellis quoteA prince should have no other aim or thought, nor take up any other thing for his study, but war and its organization and discipline, for that is the only art that is necessary to one who commands
Machiavellis quoteThus, it is well to seem merciful,faithful, humane, sincere, religious, and also to be so; but you must have the mind so disposed that when it is merciful to be otherwise you may be able to change to the opposite qualities
Machiavellis quoteIn the actions of men, and especially of princes, from which there is no appeal, the end justifies the means.