The Origins Of Rome For Website


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The Origins Of Rome For Website

  1. 1. The Origins of Rome The Geography and The Legend…
  2. 2. Warm-up Question <ul><li>If you were founding a new city, what natural features would influence your choice of a building site? </li></ul>How about as far away from Mr. Landis & Mr. Blair as possible?
  3. 3. Key Topic: The Rise of Rome <ul><li>Main Idea # 1: Geography played an important role in the rise of Roman civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Main Idea # 2: The origins of Rome (How it began) </li></ul><ul><li>Main Idea # 3: Early influences on the Roman culture- the Etruscans </li></ul>
  4. 4. Main Idea # 1 : Geography played an important role in the rise of Roman Civilization
  5. 5. The Geography of Italy
  6. 6. The Geography of Italy
  7. 7. The Geography of Italy
  8. 8. The Geography of Italy
  9. 9. The Geography of Italy
  10. 10. The Geography of Italy
  11. 11. World Map
  12. 12. A little bit closer..                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
  13. 13. Mapping Rome & its surrounding!! 1. Use pages 84 –85 in the atlas 2. Use page R16-R17, pg 263, 274 in your textbook
  14. 14. Main Idea # 1 Comparing the Geography <ul><li>ITALY </li></ul><ul><li>Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasant Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Large Islands (Sicily, Corsica, & Sardinia) </li></ul><ul><li>Mountainous, but passable. </li></ul><ul><li>Gravel Roads from coast to coast </li></ul><ul><li>Dense Forest & Plains for farming </li></ul><ul><li>= capacity for a larger population. </li></ul><ul><li>GREECE </li></ul><ul><li>Peninsula </li></ul><ul><li>Pleasant Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Small islands </li></ul><ul><li>Very Mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>No passable roads </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky Soil </li></ul><ul><li>= smaller, isolated civilizations. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Reviewing for your Map Quiz <ul><li>Bat your eyelashes at your Italy partner! </li></ul><ul><li>You will have 5 min to study with your partner! </li></ul><ul><li>Put your maps away! </li></ul><ul><li>Using the overheads and the markers you will have 5 minutes to draw in the rest of the map and label it! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Warm up Questions?? <ul><li>Who fought in the Trojan War? </li></ul><ul><li>Who won the Trojan War? </li></ul><ul><li>If your home was destroyed by war and you were considered the enemy in your own home town what would you do? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Main Idea # 2 <ul><li>The origins of Rome (How it began) </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Aeneas and followers flee Troy after loss to the Mycenaeans & Greeks. </li></ul><ul><li>Land at the mouth of the Tiber River </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate Latins with Trojans </li></ul><ul><li>Aeneas becomes the “father” of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>Is this fact or fiction? </li></ul>Main Idea # 2
  19. 19. The Legend of Romulus and Remus
  20. 20. Main Idea # 2 <ul><li>Romulus & Remus Recap </li></ul><ul><li>Twin Brothers raised by a wolf. </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus fights Remus </li></ul><ul><li>Romulus becomes the first King of Rome 753 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact or fiction?? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Main Idea # 2 <ul><li>Latins settle on the plain of Latium around 1000 B.C.E. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 800 and 700 B.C.E. people band together here for protection. </li></ul><ul><li>= Rome </li></ul>
  22. 22. March 26, 2008 <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The students will discover and teach the Etruscan influences on the Romans. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The students will discuss what a Republic is and how the first one was formed. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homework: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrewd Rulers </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>Early influences on the Roman culture : </li></ul><ul><li>The Etruscans </li></ul>
  24. 24. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>Between 800 & 650 BCE the Etruscans came to Rome from a Northern part of Italy called Eturia </li></ul>
  25. 25. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>Remembering in the true Aristotle syllogism form… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Romans were influenced by the Etruscans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Etruscans had a colorful and interesting life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>????????????????????????????????????? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In order to understand the culture of the Romans we must focus on the culture of the Etruscans, since the Romans adopted much of what the Etruscans did! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Main Idea # 3 <ul><li>2. Nicknames: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy’s first civilized people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People of the Sea – Pirates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Etruscans Contributed many things to Rome, they did not necessarily make/found these ideas themselves, but rather brought them to the attention of the Romans </li></ul>
  27. 27. Grouping up for the influences <ul><li>Romulus and Remus partners </li></ul><ul><li>Why again are we looking at the Etruscans??? </li></ul><ul><li>You will be assigned paragraphs to pull information about the Etruscans from. </li></ul><ul><li>Why will this information be helpful?? </li></ul>
  28. 28. Etruscans Contributions to Rome <ul><li>From pg 264-265 in Journey Across Time </li></ul><ul><li>Olives & Grapes </li></ul><ul><li>Alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Metalworking </li></ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Model for Army </li></ul><ul><li>Trading </li></ul><ul><li>Set up the streets, temples, & public building in Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Dress – Togas with short cloaks (sign of status) </li></ul><ul><li>Made brick houses rather than straw huts </li></ul>
  29. 29. Etruscans Contributions to Rome <ul><li>From pg 211-213 in Human Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Hilltop cities </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy leather shoes with laces </li></ul><ul><li>Tunnels & Dams to drain fields </li></ul><ul><li>Bright colors </li></ul><ul><li>Games: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backgammon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chess </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrestling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boxing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse Racing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drainage in the Streets </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Etruscans Contributions to Rome <ul><li>From pg 213- 214 in Human Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Gods Modeled after Greeks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(IE Zeus = Jupiter; Aphrodite = Venus) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Believe humans are powerless against the gods </li></ul><ul><li>Built Temples (1st temple ever built is now in the middle of Rome) </li></ul><ul><li>Soothsayers – people who predict the future (set the cities boundaries) </li></ul><ul><li>Omens – signs of what is to happen </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Fortune tellers and horoscopes are a version of modern day soothsayers! What are they trying to tell you!?!? </li></ul><ul><li>Read your horoscope! </li></ul><ul><li>What does it mean to your life? </li></ul><ul><li>Make an omen/horoscope for the next day as a follow up to what you just read! </li></ul><ul><li>Fact or Fiction? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Etruscans Contributions to Rome <ul><li>From pg 213- 214 in Human Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Tombs of Gold </li></ul><ul><li>Catacombs – tombs under the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Necropolis – cemeteries outside the city </li></ul><ul><li>Afterlife = Longer and more important than life on Earth </li></ul>
  33. 33. Etruscans Contributions to Rome <ul><li>From pg 215-216 in Human Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Sewer system </li></ul><ul><li>Forum – public square </li></ul><ul><li>Use Greek Alphabet </li></ul><ul><li>Gladiatorial Games </li></ul><ul><li>Triumph – victory parade </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal –center of a Roman city </li></ul><ul><li>Fasces – bundle of rods bound around an ax – show status </li></ul>
  34. 34. Shoes