• A need for protection leads in the Middle Ages• What would you feel like if you were forced in live in a Feudalist Society
Pre-thought:• If someone is picking on you, who do you turn to for help?
Pre-Thought:• What does Loyalty mean to you?• Tell me of a time when you were loyal to someone (maybe a brother or sister, mom or dad, or your best friend)
Read Section 2.1• With your• Read Section 2.1 and answer the questions for that section.
Section 2.11. When did the Middle Ages begin? When Rome Fell Can you remember…. Why did Rome fall?5. What was the problem with the Middle Ages?Life was difficult and dangerous (they needed protection). It was much harder to survive and there wasn’t a lot of food
Section 2.11. What is a lord?A ruler or a powerful landholder3. What is a knight? An Armed warrior4. What is a peasant?A person who worked the land
Think about this…. • On page 19…look at the drawing!• What do you see? What does the drawings in this diagram represent? Why do you think these drawings are arranged as they are?
Section 2.2• With your• Read the first half of Section 2.2 and answer the questions for that section.
Section 2.21. Europe was part of what empire? Roman2. Clovis did what??? WOW!!!He defeated the last of the Roman armies3. Holy???? Charlemagne United all the Christian lands and advanced education and culture with the help of the Pope
Section 2.21. Franks were from where? France2. What was the new style of warfare that the Franks came up with?Heavily armed warriors on horseback (knights)
A need for protection• With your• Read second half of Section 2.2 and answer the questions for that section.
A need for protection1. The Islamic World…..Followers of the Islamic faith marched into Europe and threatened it with their army2. Vikings & Leif EricsonVikings swept into Europe from Norway & DenmarkKilling tons and seizing land
A need for protection• What did they make to defend themselves? Feudalism• Look up what this word means in a textbook, dictionary, etc. An economic & political system made in Europe during the Middle Ages
Feudalism• The King/Queen please take a seat and get comfortable….• Everyone else applaud the king/queen and say “God save the king/queen! ”• You are more than welcome to eat the snack provided
Feudalism• Serfs go find a set of tables and use the yarn to tie yourself to a leg of the table (just tie it in a bow)• Everyone says…”Get to work!”• What does this symbolize?• Get right to work coloring the pictures….stay inside the lines and then tape it to a starburst
Feudalism• Lords approach the king one at a time and kneel before him/her• And pledge your oath• “In taking this oath of loyalty, I swear to be loyal to you all the days of my life and never to make war against you.”• If you repeated it correctly the king may gift you land.
Feudalism• Lord go back to land you were given…sit on top of the desk. Say to your serfs tied to your land.• Everyone says…”My lord, oh my lord how amazing you are with all your land.”• “ I have allowed you to live on and farm the land of my manor. In exchange, you must give me a large portion of the goods you produce. In return, you can farm and live on this land safely. Give me four of your food tokens now.”• Serfs hand over your tokens and keep making food.
Feudalism• Lords…now that you have land you need to defend it from the two imposing groups…WHO ARE THEY?• So what do you need?• KNIGHTS!!!• Everyone say… “Ooo, awww a Knight..how strong!”• Knights flex your muscles
Feudalism• You need knights to defend your manor, and you must attract them by offering them payment and a place to live. (knights offer your services)• You may offer a knight as many food tokens as you wish, but remember to keep some for yourself.
Feudalism• Swearing in a knight… (on your knee)• “In exchange for the goods and land given to me, I promise to be loyal to you and to fight in defense of this manor and kingdom.”• If you repeated it correctly you can stand with pride next to the lord
Feudalism• Knights it is your turn to work for your keep…. (each knight will compete)First you earn 2 more food token/land for your manor.Second - 1 more food token and a serf diesThird – a knight and serf both diesFourth – you are completely taken over and all of you die
Feudalism• The king is in need of help and asks for the lords to pay them back for their generosity. They ask for food from each lord (since the lord lives on the kings land – lords you may need to take more food from the serfs)• The king also demands 1 knights from each manor
Feudalism Recap• How did it feel to be a monarch? A lord? A knight? A serf?• How did it feel to be “born” into a role you could not change?• In what ways were the lord, knight, and serf dependent on each other?• Why do you think loyalty oaths were necessary? What do you think would happen if someone broke a loyalty oath?• What are some advantages of organizing a society in this way? Disadvantages?
Feudalism ResponsibilitiesBenefits of each of each social social class in class in feudalism feudalism lord serf