A habitat is the place where living things live. It is more than just a home it includes the whole surrounding area. The habitat provides the animal or plant with food or shelter.
People and their habitatsPeople can live all over theworld.
We can do thisbecause we are ableto build homes fordifferent conditions.
Also we can change our clothesto best suit the temperaturearound us. Animal skin and furWhite clothes act as insulators andreflect the heat keep heat in.
Animals and plants Most plants and animals are specially adapted to survive in a particular habitat. They have developed special features to suit the demands of their environment. This is called adaption.
Some examples of adaption
All birds have similarcharacteristics.But many waterbirds have featuresthat are different Long legs are good for wadingfrom those birds liveon land.Webbedfeet forswimming These wings act as flippers
Some animals arecamouflaged to blend in This lion blends in wellwith their surroundings. with the grassy background.This keeps them safe as itis more difficult for otheranimals to see them orcatch them for food.These zebra could This lizards skin is soeasily be mistaken similar to the rockfor bushes from colour.a distance.
Aquatic animals havestreamlined bodiesto move more easliyin the water.
Camels store water in their These animals havehumps. adapted to live in the hot climate of the desert. Ostriches haveSnakes glide across the hot long eyelashes tosands and can shed their skin keep out the sand.
These animals have Layers of fat keep theadapted to be more seals body warm, and smallsuited to cold ears stop heat loss.temperatures.Polar bears are kept warm bytheir body fat.Deer have awarm layerof fur.
Even plants have adapted to their habitats. The cactus has fleshy stems that store water.Dandelions seeds areeasily dispersed. The water provides support for this lily as it has less developed roots to hold it in place.
Animals and plants help each otherPlants and animals depend on each Protectionother for a wide variety of things. Nests to reproduce FoodShelter Gas exchange