What is an adverb?Hint: the word “adverb” has the prefix ad + verb. It is a word that adds to the verb.
AdverbsA word that tells more abouta verb, an adjective oranother adverb.It can tell how, when orwhere an action takes place.
Examples: Our family drove slowly to the zoo. Highway safety is a very big problem. Dad always drives extremely carefully. We waited outside for the gates to open.
Adverbs before adjectives andadverbs: Adverbs describe or tell more about verbs. Adverbs can also tell more about adjectives. Sometimes these adverbs tell to what degree or what extent. The weather seemed terribly cold.
More on adverbs... They can also tell more about other adverbs. The ship moved very slowly.
Comparing adverbsAn adverb can compare two ormore actions.Add “er” to most short adverbs tocompare two actions. Fast-----------------------Faster
Comparing adverbsAdd “est” to most short adverbs tocompare more than two actions. Fast--------------------Fastest
Comparing adverbsFor most adverbs, use “more” tocompare two actions if the adverbhas two or more syllables.Eagerly-----more eagerly
Comparing adverbsuse “most” to compare three ormore actions if the verb has twoor more syllables.Eagerly-----most eagerly
NegativesA negative is a word thatmeans “No.”Ex. Nobody saw me.I have nothing to do.
More Negatives...Do not use two negatives in thesame sentence. This is knownas a double negative.Correct a sentence with twonegatives by changing onenegative to a positive word bydropping one negative.
“Have you ever flown ina helicopter?” Noraasked.“No, but I have been inan airplane,” I said.“Was it scary?” Noraasked.
Punctuation in Dialogue Everything within the quotation marks represents EXACTLY what the speaker says or said. “It looks like a toy to me,” he said.
Punctuation in Dialogue Use quotation marks before and after a direct quotation. The baby said, “Whaaaa!”
Punctuation in Dialogue Begin a quotation with a capital letter. The announcer said, “It looks like a slam dunk to me.”
Punctuation in Dialogue Use a comma or commas to separate a phrase, such as he said, from the quotation itself. Place a comma or a period inside closing quotation marks. The boxer said, “I can knock you out!”
Punctuation on QuotationsPlace the question mark or theexclamation mark inside the quotationmarks when it is part of the quotation.Rob exclaimed, “What a strange object!”Place it outside the quotation markswhen it is part of the entire sentencebut not part of the quotation.Did Rob say, “It’s a flying machine”?
PrepositionsA word that relates a noun or pronounto another word in a sentence.Ex: about above besides from to of at over up with upEx: This book about bicycles is Ted’s.
Prepositional PhrasesA group of words that begins witha preposition and ends with a nounor pronoun.Ex:The heart is an organ in the body.
Prepositional PhrasesObject of a preposition is thenoun or pronoun that follows thepreposition.Ex:The heart is an organ in the body.
Object Prepositions InPrepositional Phrases Object pronoun is the pronoun that follows a preposition in a sentence. Object pronoun can take the place of a noun in a prepositional phrase. My friends planned a surprise party for Sally. My friends planned a surprise party for her.
Combining sentences:A complex sentence contains tworelated ideas joined by a conjunctionother than and, but, or or.Conjunctions such as after,although, because, before, since,until, and while are used to connectrelated ideas.Ex.Whitney has been gardeningsince she was five.
Commas with IntroductoryPrepositional Phrases andInterjectionsUse a comma after a prepositionalphrase at the beginning of a sentence.Ex. For sunburn protection, I wearsunscreen.Use a comma after a mildinterjection.Ex. My, this sunburn is uncomfortable.
Good luck on the test! Take your time!Complete the assignmenton the board when you are done!