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This presentation is about what adverbs do and how they are used in sentences.

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  1. 1. A dverbs
  2. 2. E xamples <ul><li>The man spoke quietly . </li></ul><ul><li>They started the race slowly . </li></ul><ul><li>Fortunately nothing was stolen. </li></ul>
  3. 3. U se <ul><li>A dverbs describe a verb , an </li></ul><ul><li>adjective , another adverb , or a whole </li></ul><ul><li>situation . </li></ul>
  4. 4. U se <ul><li>A verb </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The race started slowly . (Slowly describes how the race started.) </li></ul><ul><li>They talked quietly about the match. (Quietly describes how they talked.) </li></ul>
  5. 5. U se <ul><li>A n adjective </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The plate was really hot. (Really describes how hot the plate was.) </li></ul><ul><li>The food tasted surprisingly good. (Surprisingly describes how good the food tasted.) </li></ul>
  6. 6. U se <ul><li>A n adverb </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>The race started really slowly. (Really describes how slowly the race started.) </li></ul><ul><li>They talked very quietly about the match. (Very describes how quietly they talked.) </li></ul>
  7. 7. U se <ul><li>W hole situations </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Fortunately nothing was stolen. (Fortunately describes how fortunate it was that nothing was stolen.) </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps Sarah is working late. (Perhaps describes how likely it is that Sarah is working late.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. U se <ul><li>T he -ly ending. </li></ul><ul><li>We often form an adverb from an adjective + ly . </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>polite -> politely </li></ul><ul><li>quick -> quickly </li></ul><ul><li>safe -> safely </li></ul>
  9. 9. U se <ul><li>S pecial Spelling Rules </li></ul><ul><li>We do not leave out e </li></ul><ul><li>Example: nice -> nicely </li></ul><ul><li>y -> ily after a consonant </li></ul><ul><li>Example: easy -> easily </li></ul><ul><li>le -> ly </li></ul><ul><li>Example: possible -> possibly </li></ul><ul><li>ic -> ically </li></ul><ul><li>Example: dramatic -> dramatically </li></ul><ul><li>Note : There are some exceptions to these rules. </li></ul>
  10. 10. U se <ul><li>E xceptions (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Some adjective already end in -ly. In those cases we use way or manner to make an adverb. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Friendly -> He spoke to us in a friendly manner . </li></ul><ul><li>Silly-> They looked at us in a silly way. </li></ul>
  11. 11. U se <ul><li>E xceptions (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Some words can be used as an adjective and an adverb. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>We did some hard work. (adjective) </li></ul><ul><li>We worked hard . (adverb) </li></ul>
  12. 12. U se <ul><li>E xceptions (3) </li></ul><ul><li>There a some pairs of adverbs that have different meanings. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>I tied hard , but didn’t succeed. </li></ul><ul><li>I have got hardly any money left. (Hardly means almost none.) </li></ul>
  13. 13. U se <ul><li>E xceptions (4) </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes adjectives have an adverb that is a completely different word. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Natasha is a good pianist. (adjective) </li></ul><ul><li>She plays the piano very well . (adverb) </li></ul>
  14. 14. U se <ul><li>E xceptions (5) </li></ul><ul><li>There are some adverbs that don’t end in ly . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps Sarah is working late </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe he is not going to show up at all </li></ul>
  15. 15. T he C omparison of A dverbs <ul><li>S ome adverbs have the same form as an adjective. They also get er and est </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>earlier , faster , harder , higher </li></ul><ul><li>M any adverbs are an adjective + ly. When used in a comparison we use more and most ( or less and least ). </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>We could do this more easily with a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>He planned his tactics most carefully . </li></ul>
  16. 16. T he C omparison of A dverbs (2) <ul><li>S ome adverbs have their own form . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>well-better-best </li></ul><ul><li>badly-worse-worst </li></ul><ul><li>far-farther-farthest </li></ul>
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