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  • 1. MLA WORKSHOP: PRINT TO DIGITALEBOOKS: LIBRARIES VS. PUBLISHERS UPDATE - DCWG Rod Gauvin 8 March 2013
  • 2. Outline• Digital Content & Libraries Working Group• Structure and members• Committees• Role and progress• Issues for Public Libraries• Future Direction
  • 3. DCWG• Formed in 2011 (EQUACC)• Strategic, over- arching priorities related to digital content – focus on ebooks• Active involvement of ALA leadership• Working group to increase communication, cooperation and collaboration with other divisions, offices and ALA units
  • 4. DCWG• Diverse representation across libraries with more than 30 representatives• Co-Chairs Sari Feldman (Cuyahoga County Public) and Robert Wolven (Columbia)• Includes Jamie LaRue (Douglas County - Colorado); Alan Inouye (OITP); Christopher Harris (BOCES-NY) ;Eric Hellman (Gluejar); Erika Linke (Carnegie Mellon); Rob Maier(Mass Board and COSLA); very strong group!
  • 5. Working sub-committees• Business models and terms• Accessibility issues• School library business models• Privacy• Education to librarians and external communication (outside the library field)
  • 6. What are the issues?• Public Libraries (especially) and School Libraries (lesser extent) cannot purchase ebooks with fair and favorable terms• Amazon and death of bookstores – trade publishers worried – paradigm shift• Shift from print to ebooks is leaving libraries out of the economic equation• There is less friction with ebooks• Perception that library sales cannibalize consumer sales
  • 7. About the Publishers – “Big Six”• “Big Six Trade” - not monolithic• HarperCollins introduced a 26 lending cycle• Macmillan is testing imprints• Hachette & Penguin sell backlist• Simon & Schuster is not participating• Random House has high prices• Corporate ownership and hierarchy• Smaller/midsize publishers are participating
  • 8. Publisher Viewpoint• Trade sales to libraries less than 10% of total• Print declining faster than electronic increase• Ebooks don’t wear out; more circulations; lower processing costs – justifies higher prices – can be outrageous• Licensing vs. ownership• Ebook lending kills consumer sales• Some authors view libraries as the enemy
  • 9. Libraries viewpoints (1)• High prices• Embargoes• Limitations on titles sold• Rights to accommodate people with disabilities• Archiving and preservation
  • 10. Libraries Viewpoints (2)• Ability to participate in consortia limited• Interfaces are clunky• OverDrive and 3M in the middle• Multiple formats and technology and lack of interoperability - integration with library systems• Contracting and negotiation
  • 11. Industry Studies• Pew Studies ( 2011 & 2012)• OverDrive Survey (late 2012)• ReadersFirst Initiative• OCLC Big Shift Project• Patron Profiles Reports (LJ/Bowker) (2011-13)
  • 12. Goodreads – new survey• Released this week• Mirrors the Pew Survey: http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/06/22/ part-2-where-people-discover-and-get-their- books/• Suggests that libraries rank low on recommendation versus other sources
  • 13. Pew Survey (December 2011)• Those 16 years and older: Where do you get your book recommendations?• 64% - family members, friends and co- workers• 28% online bookstores & other websites• 23% staffers in bookstores• 19% recommendations from libraries/librarians
  • 14. Are we asking the right questions?• Surveys are rich and cover a multiplicity of topics – devices, buying patterns, preferences• Discoverability is indirectly covered• Role of libraries is not adequately addressed• Hard sales data is not available• Left with “Libraries Steal Doctrine”!
  • 15. DCWG Accomplishments• Informed ALA executives for Big Six meetings• Ebook Business Models for Public Libraries and Scorecard for evaluating terms and needs• American Libraries E-Content Blog:http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/e-content• American Libraries Supplement June 2012• Tracking all media coverage and responding as appropriate• Released tool kit for Libraries in November 2012
  • 16. Sources• http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/e-content• http://libraries.pewinternet.org/2012/06/22/pa rt-2-where-people-discover-and-get-their- books/• http://www.goodreads.com/blog/show/410- what-s-going-on-with-readers-toady-goodread- finds-out• http://www.ala.org/groups/committees/special/ ala-dcwg
  • 17. Future direction for DCWG• One book test - controlled experiment http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/e-content/one- ebook-prove-them-all• Scorecard for evaluating publisher terms• Discoverability issue• Continuing to inform ALA executives• Independents and self-published authors a la Douglas County model• Libraries as distributors• Studying pay per use models• Copyright in a digital age
  • 18. Questions?
  • 19. Rod Gauvinregauvin@comcast.net(734) 262-4179