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Opening keynote at the 2014 meeting of the Library Publishing Coalition, in Kansas City, March 5, 2014.

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  1. 1. Re: Pubrarians John Unsworth Library Publishing Forum Kansas City, MO March 5, 2014
  2. 2. Pubrarians and Liblishers New Roles for Old Foes John Unsworth
  3. 3. December 2005 • “Pubrarians and Liblishers: New Roles for Old Foes” presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing, in Boston • Noted increasing overlap in the activities of academic publishers and research libraries • Called for the intentional development of a cross-trained professional with both library and publishing experience
  4. 4. Library Publishing • “Based on core library values and building on the traditional skills of librarians, it is distinguished from other publishing fields by a preference for Open Access dissemination and a willingness to embrace informal and experimental forms of scholarly communication and to challenge the status quo.” LPC website
  5. 5. “The ‘true professional ideal’ encouraged doctors, lawyers, engineers, scientists, ministers, and professors to approach their jobs as ‘callings’ that demanded disinterested objectivity, a devotion to public service, professional autonomy, and a rejection of material ambition.” --Michael Augspurger, "Sinclair Lewis’ Primers for the Professional Managerial Class: ‘Babbitt,’ ‘Arrowsmith,’ and ‘Dodsworth’."
  6. 6. February 2014
  7. 7. Flash forward • February 17, 2014 ATG Original: “University Presses Facing ‘Enormous Tectonic Shift’ in Publishing” • More than 20 presses are now reporting through or as part of the library • 60 libraries now belong to the library publishing coalition • And yet…
  8. 8. We haven’t quite figured it out • Libraries, subsidized to produce a local good, don’t want to charge for access to information. • University presses, believing in the value of the content they produce, don’t want to think that people might pay for the format in which that content is delivered. • Nobody is fully funded for innovation, or for altruism.
  9. 9. What we measure counts Wrt LPC Directory: The reason for excluding university press output is to enable direct comparison across library publishing programs (including those who do not work with a university press), and because the press often operates independently (in terms of acquisitions, production, etc.) from other library publishing activities, even if it is housed within the library.
  10. 10. On the other hand… “Monograph publishing has been a fruitful area for collaboration between libraries and university presses. In one collaborative model, the press contributes editorial expertise and distribution mechanisms for print [and ebook] media, while the library provides sophisticated technology for digital versions of the monograph or supplemental material.” -- Sarah Lippincott
  11. 11. Value the activity, regardless of the actors In my 2005 SSP talk, I noted the following … Obviously, there is value in sharing experience with others newly arrived in the arena of publishing, but ultimately, we should
  12. 12. Publishers: • Acquire • Edit • Design • Manage production • Work with distributors • Provide business services
  13. 13. Librarians • Select • Catalog & classify • Design & evaluate information systems • Teach information literacy • Provide access • Preserve
  14. 14. What could we do together? • Work with iSchools to educate and train pubrarians (Go Illinois!) • Provide publisher services to library publishing (e.g. business services, design, editorial) • Provide library services to university press publishers (e.g., selection, metadata, systems) • Make open access sustainable • Maybe even address some of these problems:
  15. 15. • There’s no business model for preservation by publishers. • There’s no mission in libraries to work with authors. • Publishers aren’t trained in the organization of collections of information. • Librarians aren’t trained in marketing, graphic design, or business.
  16. 16. • The major “stand-alone” pubrarians are commercial publishers: with few exceptions, university presses are only in this game if they are cooperating with university libraries. • Commercial publishers are capitalized for new ventures, which is good; university presses are not, which is bad. • On the other hand, commercial publishers are profit-driven, and profit (especially short- term profit) is not necessarily the most important measure of value where research collections are concerned.
  17. 17. New Opportunities
  18. 18. HathiTrust Research Center • Developing “data communities” without redundant investments in infrastructure • Mellon-funded Work-set Creation for Scholarly Analysis • Laboratory for exploring new research needs and opportunities • Rights management and protection
  19. 19. Type of work Searchable (bibliographic and full-text) Viewable* Full-PDF download (Data API) Print on Demand Print disabilities* Preservation uses (Section 108)* Public domain worldwide Worldwide Worldwide Partners only if scanned by Google, if not, worldwide. Worldwide Partners worldwide N/A Public domain (US) – Non-US works published between 1872 and 1923. Worldwide When accessed from with the United States Partners in the US if scanned by Google, if not, anyone US Available within the United States Partners in the US; partners worldwide where similar laws in effect N/A Works that rights holders have opened access to in HathiTrust Worldwide Worldwide Worldwide (if digitized by Google, full-PDF only available if opened with CC license) Worldwide with permission Partners worldwide N/A Works that are in-copyright or of undetermined status Worldwide Not available Not available Not available Partners in the US; partners worldwide where similar laws in effect Partners in the US; partner worldwide where similar laws in effect Orphan works Worldwide To participating partners Not available Not available Partners in the US Partners in the US; partners worldwide where similar laws in effect * Note: Access to in-copyright works is subject to conditions on Terms of Access slide. See here also.
  20. 20. Agent framework Page/volume tree (file system) Volume store (Cassandra) SEASR analytics service Task deployment WSO2 registry services, collections, data capsule images Solr index HathiTrust corpusrsync HTRCDataAPIv0.1 NCSA local resources Programmatic access e.g., WS02 Identity Server University of Michigan Meandre Orchestration Agent instanceAgent instance Agent instance Agent instance Non-consumptive Data capsules Big Red II/IU Quarry 20 Blacklight Volume store (Cassandra)Volume store (Cassandra) NSF XSEDE Portal
  21. 21. Workset Questions • “Can we identify all the works that deal with Francis Bacon?” • “What musical scores are in the corpus? What works contain music notation?” • “Which works have back of book indexes that I might analyze?” • “How would I gather works by 16th-century women? By 19th- century men?” • “Which works are fiction? Which are non-fiction? Essays? Poetry?” • “How would I gather works similar to those that I currently I have in hand? Can I define different kinds of similarity?”
  22. 22. Focusing on Strengths General Interest New England Regional Military History Maritime History True Crime Politics Art Music Nature & Sustainability Academic Media Studies Literary Criticism American Studies Jewish Studies Israel Studies Middle East Studies Women’s Studies Global Health Course Adoption Language Learning History Writing Aids Literary Guides Music Global Health Nature & Sustainability
  23. 23. UPNE Publishing Services • Manuscript editing and book design • Project management • Domestic and Asian print brokering • Ebook production, conversion, and national and international distribution to major channels, including Kindle, Nook, iBooks, and library ebook aggregators • Financial management and business operations • Metadata management • Book marketing and publicity • Book sales, order entry, and customer service • Warehousing and fulfillment, including Print-on-Demand coordination
  24. 24. Ebooks “The ebook transition has been a major hurdle, but that is well underway…. In some ways, the biggest challenge in the academic library market is that it hasn’t transitioned to electronic fast enough and presses are still running parallel print and digital systems for library products, which is costly.” --Doug Armato
  25. 25. Knowledge Unlatched • Publishers establish a Title Fee (cost of publishing) • If the title is chosen for the annual bundle, and enough libraries buy the bundle, the publisher earns the Title Fee • The title becomes open access, distributed through OAPEN and HathiTrust
  26. 26. Problems Addressed • More titles, fewer sales means more risk per title for publishers • Monograph sales squeezed out of library budgets by journals • Author-pays open-access model doesn’t work in the humanities and social sciences
  27. 27. Opportunities for LPC • Engaging the digital humanities • Supporting data communities • Publishing and curation of gray literature • Publishing faculty-edited journals • Experimenting with new business models • Promoting sustainable open access
  28. 28. Questionable Binary Oppositions • Libraries vs. Publishers • Open Access vs. “Commercial” • Print vs. Electronic • Experimental vs. Traditional • Research vs. Publication • Vanity Publishing vs. Scholarship
  29. 29.