The Dick and Carey Approach toDeveloping Effective Instructional Strategies and Media Selection
1.To describe the four elements of an instructional strategy. 2.To create effective lesson delivery incorporating key learning components. Todevelop or adopt a system to design an effective lesson. Touse an effective combination of micro and macro strategies to present new material to the learner.
Aninstructional strategy according to Dick and Carey is “a description of the process of sequencing and organizing content, specifying learning activities, and deciding how to deliver the content and activities.”
The four main elements of an instructional strategy:1. Content sequence and clustering2. Learning Components3. Student Groupings4. Selection of Media and Delivery Systems
Consider the following:1. The age level of the learner2. The complexity of the material3. The type of learning taking place4. Whether the activity can be varied thereby focusing attention on the task5. Amount of time required for each cluster of objectives.Determine how little or how much instruction is needed for each cluster of objectives considering the above factors.
Gagne’s Theory of Learning1.The Nine Events Video2. Nine Events Example3. Learning Conditions and Categories
Social Interaction is a broad goal of education and a key part of growing up but should be used carefully as it can hinder individual learning.Some things to consider: Do your objectives lend themselves to cooperative learning activities? Your personal views Groups can motivate and encourage learning. Hard to accomplish with computer-based learning
Examples:Classroom lecture with notes,powerpoint, correspondences, video, computer or web-basedA delivery system should be chosen with the following areas of a lesson in mind….
Inductive Learning vs. Deductive LearningChoose strategies to match goals and type of learning that will effectively deliver the idea of the lesson.Choose guidance and modeling or examplesRemember to include practice and feedback when presenting
Choose guidance activities and modeling or examplesRemember to include practice and feedback when presenting
How is the learning going to be assessed? How are going to know that they learned the material? How will you know if your strategy was effective?
Strategies such as memory aides to study material and remember concept Strategies to encourage the transfer of information to real world applications or more complex ideas.
Considerations: What content will the material include? Availability of materials? Decisions to adopt or adapt materials after use Will your students have to submit rough draft materials and how will you provide them the scaffolding? Story boarding? Graphic Organizers? What type are the materials? Assessment, prerequisite skill review? Feedback? Transfer? Delivery Methods?
1. Cost effectiveness2. Flexibility and durability3. Convenience4. Replaces need for direct instruction?5. Task requirements6. Learner characteristics7. Attitudes of teacher and learner
1. Review objectives and goals2. Choose potential strategy3. Review analysis of learners for needed adaptations4. Decided on needed components to create media.5. Survey expects, ask colleagues, research6. Create a story board or rough draft to assess for clarity7. Write out instructions.8. Present Final Product9. Review and revise as needed (Adopt or Adapt)
Your special education class is about to have to learn about fractions but they do not know how to find least common multiple or greatest factor because they never learned their multiplication facts. Using the following template, create both macro and micro instructional strategies and choose appropriate materials to teach your group a unit on fractions. Use information from this powerpoint and moodle page to create unit.
Grading Criteria: Objectives Clustering and Sequence. (5) Preinstructional Activities (5) Assessment Activities. (5) Follow-Through Activities (5) Content Presentation (5) Student Participation (5) Based on considerations, student grouping, sequential clustering, and learning components, selection of strategy and media is completely and effectively decided upon (20)Strategy Template