Subject centered curriculum is a rigid
curriculum , based on specific courses, which
mandates specific amounts of material to be
covered over special periods of time regardless
of student abilities or interests. Subject
centered curriculum assign the greatest
importance to subject matter rather than to the
students .It consists of having students in
classes for one subjects at a time such as
mathematics for 45 minutes, science for 45
Classification and organization of all contents
into subjects or subjects-like groupings.
Subjects are clearly defined and distinguished.
A hierarchy of subjects is commonly found
according to their perceived value.
Methodology applied and practiced is largely
teacher-centered and expository in nature
Students like it , they are used to it and it
fits their idea of what school should be.
What students learn , they learn well.
This approach is efficient in a field in
which resources for staff development are
Teachers wouldn’t be able to innovate their
teaching style to help students learn in a creative
Students simply memorize what they need to
know in order to pas a test , instead of actually
Teachers are teaching the students to think inside
the box in order to pass the exams.
Based on determine the genuine needs and
interests of learner , which in turn form the basis
of the curriculum. An important claim of this
approach is that “people only learn what they
experience”. According to M.K Gandhi ,education
is the development of all the aspects i.e. body
mind and spirit . So mind without activities can
not develop the personality perfectly .so
education must give importance to activities.
Education ,which has no link with life is
These activities aim at physical
development of the child .it includes physical
training ,games and sports.
These activities includes nature study
,excursion ,survey , social visit. These activities
develop civic sense and love for nature in children.
With these activities love for work
dignity of labor , production efficiency may be
developed. Handwork craft repairing of tools belong
to this category of activities.
Music ,arts creative crafts are
included in this type of activities. These provide
opportunities for self-expression and development
of inborn creative faculties.
These Activities aim at community
development and include community projects ,first
aid ,social service , etc these activities also help in
the socialization of the child. The teacher can provide
information regarding history, geography ,and
economics with the help of these activities.
Learning by doing so this method can fulfill the
natural urge of a growing child on one hand also can
help them learn their lesson.
Better understanding of a lesson among students as
they learn the lesson by practicing the task
It inspires the students to apply their creative ideas
,knowledge and mind in solving problems.
It also helps learner psychologically as the can
express their emotions through active participation in
Require long term planning with details of the
whole process before engaging the learners, the
teacher has to make sure that all students have
sufficient knowledge and skills regarding the task
they are going to perform .so this method can not
be used on a regular and daily basis as it involves
a lengthy procedure.
The objective of this method can be only be
fulfilled if the planning of the lesson is flawless.
Activity curriculum attaches too much
importance on activities. It neglects other
activities needed for intellectual development
of the child.
Personal supervision is needed for every activity
which is not possible in school.
Activity curriculum is not applicable to all stages
The exists a set of common learning's
(knowledge, skills and values) that should be
provided to all learners in order to function
effectively in a society .The core curriculum may
be organized around the idea of a core as a set of
learning's essential for all students. The emphasis
of this approach to core curriculum was that all
students would experience a set of common and
essential learning's that were necessary for
learners to function effectively in society.
It Focuses Attention On Goal.
It Improves the Probability of Success.
It Improves economy of Time and efforts.
It Facilitates Communication And Coordination of
It Reduces Stress.