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TYPES OF CURRICULUM

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Types of curriculum
Types of curriculum
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TYPES OF CURRICULUM

  1. 1.  Subject-Centered Curriculum  Activity/Experience based curriculum  Core curriculum
  2. 2.  Subject centered curriculum is a rigid curriculum , based on specific courses, which mandates specific amounts of material to be covered over special periods of time regardless of student abilities or interests. Subject centered curriculum assign the greatest importance to subject matter rather than to the students .It consists of having students in classes for one subjects at a time such as mathematics for 45 minutes, science for 45 minutes.
  3. 3.  Classification and organization of all contents into subjects or subjects-like groupings.  Subjects are clearly defined and distinguished.  A hierarchy of subjects is commonly found according to their perceived value.  Methodology applied and practiced is largely teacher-centered and expository in nature
  4. 4.  Students like it , they are used to it and it fits their idea of what school should be.  What students learn , they learn well.  This approach is efficient in a field in which resources for staff development are scant.
  5. 5.  Teachers wouldn’t be able to innovate their teaching style to help students learn in a creative way.  Students simply memorize what they need to know in order to pas a test , instead of actually learning it.  Teachers are teaching the students to think inside the box in order to pass the exams.
  6. 6.  Based on determine the genuine needs and interests of learner , which in turn form the basis of the curriculum. An important claim of this approach is that “people only learn what they experience”. According to M.K Gandhi ,education is the development of all the aspects i.e. body mind and spirit . So mind without activities can not develop the personality perfectly .so education must give importance to activities. Education ,which has no link with life is meaningless.
  7. 7.  Physical Activities: These activities aim at physical development of the child .it includes physical training ,games and sports.  Environmental Activity: These activities includes nature study ,excursion ,survey , social visit. These activities develop civic sense and love for nature in children.
  8. 8.  Constructive Activity: With these activities love for work dignity of labor , production efficiency may be developed. Handwork craft repairing of tools belong to this category of activities.  Aesthetic activity: Music ,arts creative crafts are included in this type of activities. These provide opportunities for self-expression and development of inborn creative faculties.
  9. 9.  Community Activity: These Activities aim at community development and include community projects ,first aid ,social service , etc these activities also help in the socialization of the child. The teacher can provide information regarding history, geography ,and economics with the help of these activities.
  10. 10.  Learning by doing so this method can fulfill the natural urge of a growing child on one hand also can help them learn their lesson.  Better understanding of a lesson among students as they learn the lesson by practicing the task themselves.  It inspires the students to apply their creative ideas ,knowledge and mind in solving problems.  It also helps learner psychologically as the can express their emotions through active participation in something useful.
  11. 11.  Require long term planning with details of the whole process before engaging the learners, the teacher has to make sure that all students have sufficient knowledge and skills regarding the task they are going to perform .so this method can not be used on a regular and daily basis as it involves a lengthy procedure.  The objective of this method can be only be fulfilled if the planning of the lesson is flawless.
  12. 12.  Activity curriculum attaches too much importance on activities. It neglects other activities needed for intellectual development of the child.  Personal supervision is needed for every activity which is not possible in school.  Activity curriculum is not applicable to all stages of education.
  13. 13.  The exists a set of common learning's (knowledge, skills and values) that should be provided to all learners in order to function effectively in a society .The core curriculum may be organized around the idea of a core as a set of learning's essential for all students. The emphasis of this approach to core curriculum was that all students would experience a set of common and essential learning's that were necessary for learners to function effectively in society.
  14. 14.  It Focuses Attention On Goal.  It Improves the Probability of Success.  It Improves economy of Time and efforts.  It Facilitates Communication And Coordination of Projects.  It Reduces Stress.

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