LOCKE AND
ROUSSEAU
Two Differing Enlightenment Philosophies…
• One of the greatest
Enlightenment era
philosophers
• Believed in a concept
called the “state of
nature” or “natural law....
• Another great
Enlightenment
philosopher
• French
• Writer
• Musician
JEAN-JACQUES
ROUSSEAU
BASIC BELIEFS
• Rousseau believed
society (culture or
those around you)
corrupted people and
so government must
save every...
LOCKE’S VIEW ON THE
SOCIAL CONTRACT…
• Locke taught that the
social contract was
an agreement
between the people
and the g...
• Locke supported the idea
that if government took
people’s rights, then people
had the right to create a
new one.
• In ot...
• Believed that government
should create laws that
benefit the majority of the
people.
• This limits government in
that go...
• Both men believed in a
limited government and
people having rights.
• Their works influenced
the idea of popularity
sove...
HOW DID EARLY AMERICANS VIEW THESE GUYS?
Early Americans did NOT
support Jean-Jacques
Rousseau’s democratic
ideals. They w...
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Locke and rousseau

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Locke and rousseau

  1. 1. LOCKE AND ROUSSEAU Two Differing Enlightenment Philosophies…
  2. 2. • One of the greatest Enlightenment era philosophers • Believed in a concept called the “state of nature” or “natural law.” • Promoted the idea of the social contract JOHN LOCKE
  3. 3. • Another great Enlightenment philosopher • French • Writer • Musician JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU
  4. 4. BASIC BELIEFS • Rousseau believed society (culture or those around you) corrupted people and so government must save everyone. • John Locke believed that all people had natural rights (rights given by God) • Absolute monarchists didn’t believe citizens had rights at all.
  5. 5. LOCKE’S VIEW ON THE SOCIAL CONTRACT… • Locke taught that the social contract was an agreement between the people and the government. • Thus, government was designed to protect our rights, not infringe (or take away) our rights.
  6. 6. • Locke supported the idea that if government took people’s rights, then people had the right to create a new one. • In other words, government is by consent. People can “divorce” their government if there is a problem. WHAT IF GOVERNMENT DOESN’T DO THIS?
  7. 7. • Believed that government should create laws that benefit the majority of the people. • This limits government in that government must help the majority. • This concept is democracy. ROUSSEAU HOWEVER…
  8. 8. • Both men believed in a limited government and people having rights. • Their works influenced the idea of popularity sovereignty, or the notion that government gets it powers from the people. SIMILARITIES
  9. 9. HOW DID EARLY AMERICANS VIEW THESE GUYS? Early Americans did NOT support Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s democratic ideals. They worried about a tyranny of the majority. John Locke was a MAJOR influence on American government.
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