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Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society
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Radio : Evolution, medium, a tool to change the society

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  • 1. Radio As A means of Communication<br />
  • 2. The Era before Radio<br /><ul><li>The communication was very slow before Radio.
  • 3. When Christopher Columbus discovered America, the Queen Isabella received message after five months</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>In 1792, France had started ‘Sign Lights’
  • 4. With this system they can reach around 4800 km.
  • 5. With the help of 190 rely station, 400 horses & 80 riders they can cover 3100 km area of America. Within 10 days they can send post from east to west end.</li></li></ul><li>Pony Express was the fastest communication style in America at that time<br />It was limited to America only.<br />So the new communication pattern was in need to start.<br />
  • 6. In 1823, Samuel Morse invented Telegraph.<br />It is also known as Morse Code<br />Telegraph became so much popular at that time<br />Wire was used for communication in telegraph.<br />It was its limitation to limit the communication <br />
  • 7. After some experiments he was able to send his waves up to 14 km.<br />The image shown here is the tower from where Marconi started wireless communication<br />
  • 8. Electro Magnetic Waves<br />In 1894, Italy reach family’s son Guglielmo Marconi had started experiments of wire less communication.<br />His first experiment in Briton was at the top of the General Post office Building. His waves were traveled 275 meters. <br />
  • 9. Jhon Fleming started<br />John Fleming who was at Imperial College London, had started experiments for making this waves more powerful & more clear. For this he had invented a Vacuum Tube.<br />
  • 10. Canadian scientist Dr. Lee De Forest made it more effective. <br />Dr. Forest broadcasted his speech form radio on 31st Dec. 1906.<br />In 1908 Dr. Forest Broadcasted a recorded music form the top Eiffel Tower, which was heard up to 500 miles.<br />
  • 11. When wireless communication started at that time people were using this informally, if some ships had installed instruments.<br />In 1910 US Congress passed a law under which every passenger ship must be using Radio Equipment and a trained Radio Operator.<br />
  • 12. <ul><li>Titanic sink in 1912.
  • 13. At that time, becuase of the radio 700 lives were rescued
  • 14. David Sarnoff who received message of Titanic and rescued people, later on he had contributed a lot in the field of Development of Broadcasting.</li></li></ul><li>In World War US Government had taken charges from all wireless stations as it is the most powerful communication weapon<br />Government asked all companies to research & invent a instrument which can be use as a wireless telephone. <br />
  • 15. “Walkie- Talkie” is the first transmitter/ receiver that helped human talk with the walk<br />The name was given by Motorola SCR-300.<br />It was manufactured by Galvin Manufacturing company.<br />It was very much used<br />
  • 16. In 1897 wireless telegraph & signal co. ltd. was started.<br />It was the first electronic communication company .<br />In 1919 when The Radio Corporation of America established at that time all rights of American Marconi co. ltd. was purchased by RCA.<br />
  • 17. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA<br />
  • 18. <ul><li>Broadcasting was introduced in India by amateur radio clubs in Calcutta, Bombay, Madras and Lahore, though even before the clubs launched their venture.
  • 19. The Times of India records that a broadcast was transmitted from the roof of its building on August 20, 1921.
  • 20. The first license granted for transmitting a broadcast was given on February 23, 1922.
  • 21. The Radio Club of Calcutta was perhaps the first amateur radio club to start functioning in Nov-1924.</li></li></ul><li>ALL INDIA RADIO’S RISE<br />
  • 22. <ul><li>The Government run broadcasting set up was called the India State Broadcasting Service (ISBS).
  • 23. Fielden was its first Controller.
  • 24. Interestingly, ISBS was set up under the Department of Industries and Labour.
  • 25. Fielden brought All India Radio – a name thought up by him and then ISBS was turned into AIR in June 1936</li></li></ul><li>UNDERGROUND CONGRESS RADIO<br />
  • 26. <ul><li>The leaders of ‘Quit India’ movement had no access to either radio or the press.
  • 27. All India Radio was British property
  • 28. So that young Congress freedom fighters launched their short-lived congress Radio on September 3 1942 on 41.78 meter ‘from somewhere in India.
  • 29. The broadcasts continue from October 15 to 17 to raise the transmitter's power
  • 30. Then young fighters were arrested and it was stopped.</li></li></ul><li>ALL INDIA RADIO AFTER INDEPENDENCE<br />
  • 31. <ul><li>After Independence, AIR started stations located at Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Lacknow and Tiruchirapplli, Mysore, Travancore, Hyderabad and Aurangabad
  • 32. There were only 18 transmitters which increased upto 25 in couple of years.
  • 33. The introduction of the commercial channel ‘VividhBharti’ in October 1957 increased the interest and popularity of radio. </li></li></ul><li>Total All India Radio Stations & other quality<br /><ul><li>AIR today has a network of 232 broadcasting centres with 149 medium frequency(MW), 54 high frequency (SW) and 171 FM transmitters.
  • 34. The coverage is 91.79% of the area , serving 99.14% of the people in the largest democracy of the world.
  • 35. AIR covers 24 Languages and 146 dialects in home services. In External services, it covers 27 languages; 17 national and 10 foreign languages. </li></li></ul><li>THE FREQUENCY MODULATION (FM) RISE IN INDIA<br />
  • 36. <ul><li>FM broadcasts were introduced in Madras in 1977 and later at Jalandhar in 1992, but it was only in 1993 when slots came to be leased to private companies.
  • 37. On August 15, 1993 a Frequency Modulation (FM) Channel was launched in Bombay, with nine hours of radio which sloats was leased to private producers like Times FM, radiostar and Radio Midday.
  • 38. Besides sponsored hit parades and count-downs, the FM programmes include chat shows, news bulletins, contests, quizzes and plays.</li></li></ul><li>FM SCENERIO IN INDIA<br />
  • 39. FAMOUS RADIO STATIONS AND THEIR NAME & ITS SCENERIO<br />98.3 - Radio Mirchi<br />101.3 - FM Rainbow<br />102.9 - Vivdh Bharati<br />104 - Fever FM<br />105.6 - Gyaan Vaani<br />91.1 - Radio City<br />91.9 - Radio Indigo<br />92.7 - Big FM<br />93.5 - S FM<br />94.3 - Radio One<br />
  • 40. Current allocation process<br /><ul><li>In FM Phase II some 338 frequencies were offered of which about 237 were sold.
  • 41. It is also accepted that the that the next phase will give the news sloats to the FM.
  • 42. Reliance and South Asia FM (Sun group) bid for most of the 91 cities.
  • 43. they were allowed only 15% of the total allocated frequencies.
  • 44. Between them, they have had to surrender over 40 licenses.</li></li></ul><li>Advertising Scenario<br /><ul><li>India's new private FM channels could also change the advertising scenario.
  • 45. Traditionally, radio accounts for 7% to 8% of advertiser expenditures around the world. In India, it is less than 2% at present.
  • 46. FDI allotment in Radio is 20 percent.</li></li></ul><li>THE GROWTH OF FM IN INDIA<br /><ul><li>Mumbai and Delhi reached 34 per cent each from 8 and 19 per cent, respectively, in 2000.
  • 47. In Delhi as well as in Mumbai, 30 per cent of women listen to FM radio.
  • 48. Around 36 per cent men in Mumbai tune into FM channels while 38 per cent in Delhi.
  • 49. In Mumbai, 80 per cent of listening happens at home whereas in Delhi it is 72 per cent.
  • 50. Delhi, which has a higher ownership of cars (13 per cent) and car radios (82 per cent), also has a higher incidence of in-car listenership (seven per cent) as compared to Mumbai where only two per cent of listening happens in the car. </li></li></ul><li>SHUKANTO ROY<br />Assignment Given by :<br />IRFAN PATHAN<br />Prepared By :<br />

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