Text-to-Speech for Beginning Readers -ATIA Chicago 09


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Text-To-Speech systems used "from the start" in reading programs supports reading development and stops the "fall behind" which wrecks education for so many.

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Text-to-Speech for Beginning Readers -ATIA Chicago 09

  1. 1. Ira David Socol Michigan State University College of Education Text-To-Speech from the Start A Primary Support for Lifespan Learning
  2. 2. <ul><li>Sophisticated text-to-speech systems are typically thought of as accommodations for readers who have already fallen behind their classmates, and for those already diagnosed with specific learning disabilities. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>These systems are rarely employed with students in the primary grades, and are rarely offered to most students, yet these are the very supports which may make the largest differences in school success, right from the start. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Theory: “Reading is getting information from some ‘recorded’ source into your head: Writing is getting information from your head into a ‘recorded’ form which others can access.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Operational Theory One: Focus Cognitive Energy on the “Reading’ and the‘Writing’ – the communication, not the 19 th Century skillset. (Universal Design) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Operational Theory Two: Many students who struggle with reading lack home reading supports. Technology can fill the gap. (Remediation) </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Access Information Access Communication Build Vocabulary Build Sight Word Recognition Participate in Curriculum Engage Interests </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Increase “Read-to Time” Solving the “Parent-to-Child Reading Gap” </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Build Independence Access Text and Information Tools on their own Schedule. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Prove the Value of Literacy Demonstrating why reading is valuable and is more than just a school task. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ Kids come to school at five all wanting to read, but by the time they get to me, they hate books.” - my mother, a long-time 3 rd Grade teacher </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Build Vocabulary Text-To-Speech seems to support vocabulary acquisition. Socol, Okolo, Feyen, Ferrari 2009 </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Build Sight Word Recognition Word-by-word highlighting Text-To-Speech seems to support gains in sight word recognition. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>“ Improvement in literacy skills was determined through a pre and post oral sight word recognition test, a sight word fluency test, and a reading fluency test. The results of the tests were examined to determine the rate of improvement in recognition and fluency. The students were initially tested on sight word recognition in January. As shown […] the average score for sight word recognition was 34.40% (SD = 13.29) prior to implementing the text-to-speech program. The students were tested for sight word recognition again on the start date of implementation; the results were an average score of 54.90% (SD = 17.64). The average score for sight word recognition was 88.10% (SD = 13.10) at the end of the four weeks. The results of the test show an increase in sight word recognition.” Thompson (First Grade Study) 2007 </li></ul>“ The results of the test show an increase in sight word recognition.”
  15. 15. <ul><li>Participate in the Curriculum Help eliminate the “falling behind from the start” syndrome, and the isolation from classmates. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Lifespan Technologies The ability to shift media into useful forms is now essential – at home, at work, even in your car. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>These technologies can re-shape the literacy playing field from the very beginning, * and thus significantly alter the opportunities for school success by increasing access to curricular content for the most vulnerable students, by providing a series of critical supports. *Jeffs, Behrmann, and Bannan-Ritland 2006 </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>WYNN Chosen for the interface, and supports, which seem to support the greatest range of learners. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Using WYNN for basic reading for school reading for interest-based reading </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Using WYNN for advanced studying for writing </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Using WYNN - Creating Books </li></ul><ul><li>scanning from digital sources cameras and typing images </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>OnLine Sources Project Gutenberg Project Gutenberg Australia University of Virginia Literature Network ABC Books Bookshare </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Free Supports at Home Google Docs Firefox plus Add- Ons CLiCk -Speak , Dictionary Lookup , gTranslate WordTalk PowerPoint Books </li></ul><ul><li>PowerTalk </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Free Supports at Home </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Reader with Text-To-Speech engine and Read in Microsoft Reader (RMR) add-ons - FREE http://www.microsoft.com/reader/downloads/ pc.asp (laptop/desktop PC) http://www.microsoft.com/reader/downloads/ tablet.asp (tablet PC, with &quot;write notes in the margins!&quot;) http://www.microsoft.com/reader/developers/downloads/ tts.asp (Text-To-Speech) http://www.microsoft.com/reader/developers/downloads/ rmr.asp (RMR, creates one-click conversions from Microsoft Word) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/reader/downloads/ dictionaries.asp (Dictionaries) </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Now you can build skills within the context of confidence and success. </li></ul>
  26. 26. speedchange.blogspot.com Thank you for attending this session at ATIA 2009 Chicago! Watch for us in Orlando this January! Please help us improve the quality of our conference by completing your session evaluation form. Completed evaluation forms should be submitted as you exit or to staff at the registration desk.