Multimedia in the  ESOL Curriculum Lisa A. Rutherford Rustaq College of Education April 24, 2008
Table of Contents <ul><li>What is Multimedia? </li></ul><ul><li>Core ESOL English Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Content-Bas...
What is Multimedia?  <ul><li>“ Multimedia education combines text, graphics, video, animation, and sound to represent and ...
Benefits of Multimedia in ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>The integration of technology into the ESOL curriculum improves students...
What is Multimedia? <ul><li>Audio-Visual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DVD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Educational Technology in the Classroom <ul><li>One Computer classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve information, downloa...
Computerized Classroom <ul><li>Teacher’s computer for overhead projection of lessons and online materials. </li></ul>
1-Computer Classroom <ul><li>Used as a research station for all students to access. </li></ul>
5-Computer Classroom <ul><li>Used as a work station for students to access in study groups. </li></ul>
5-Computer Classroom <ul><li>The class is divided into groups of 5 students. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, when Group 1 i...
30-Computer Classroom <ul><li>For computer skills, research, projects </li></ul>
LAPTOP Workstation Classroom <ul><li>Up to 50 computers: computer skills, research,  </li></ul>
30-Computer Classroom <ul><ul><li>Students learn software applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing, spr...
Core ESOL English Curriculum The Basics for Beginners
ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Core ESOL English Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students with low proficien...
Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Core ESOL English Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students with ...
Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Speaking and Listening Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia labs are beneficial to...
Audacity Software
Voice Recognition Arabic Read and Write
Online Listening Randall’s English Listening Lab
ELLLO Listening Lab Online
Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Reading Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-assisted reading programs </li></ul></u...
Online Literacy Starfall
Online Sign Language Literacy Starfall
  Literacy Software  Text Help Read &Write  <ul><li>Text to Speech  </li></ul><ul><li>Word Prediction  </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Letter Recognition
Letter Recognition Read and Write Arabic
Online Literacy  Starfall
Online Literacy Starfall
Starfall Reading Online <ul><li>Little Red Hen </li></ul>
Reading Online Reading is Fundamental Website
International Children’s Library <ul><li>Dr. Abu Bakr al Razi  (Egypt Arabic) </li></ul>
International Children’s Library <ul><li>The 25 th  Hour (Mongolia) </li></ul>
International Children’s Library <ul><li>Sincerity of a White Dove (Japanese) </li></ul>
International Children’s Library <ul><li>Books from Malaysia </li></ul>
Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Writing Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing utilities and editing software <...
Typing Software <ul><li>Keys Software </li></ul>
Typing Software Rapid Typing
Typing Software Typing Master Pro
Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Grammar Skills & Online grammar programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English Exercises Onli...
Hot Potatoes Software
Hot Potatoes Software
Hot Potatoes Software
Hot Potatoes Software
Hot Potatoes Software
Hot Potatoes Software
Hot Potatoes Software
Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Vocabulary expansion and dictionary use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing transla...
Bilingual Dictionary Software VerbAce 7.0
Global Translator Software
Mobile Dictionary
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum A Shift to Academic Literacy across the Curriculum
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Content-Based ESOL Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students wit...
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>A shift from English literacy in core English to academic literacy in science, math,...
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Multimedia Learning across a Content-Based ESOL Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ind...
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Independent Activities-Based Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based lessons, onlin...
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Collaborative Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia presentations, creating a we...
Bangkok Post for ESL Online
News Online  National Geographic for Kids
Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>International Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercultural awareness programs throug...
Conclusion <ul><li>Multimedia ESOL learning improves student motivation and achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia ESOL...
THE END
References <ul><li>Belisle, Ron.  (1996). E -Mail Activities in the ESL Writing Class .  The Internet TESL Journal, II(12)...
References <ul><li>Fandrych, Ingrid.  (2001).  Word Processors' Grammar and Spelling Assistance: Consequences for Second L...
References <ul><li>Ho, Caroline Mei Lin.  (2000).  Developing Intercultural Awareness and Writing Skills through E-Mail Ex...
References <ul><li>Lee, Kuang-wu.  (2000).  Energizing the ESL/EFL Classroom through Internet Activities.   The Internet T...
References <ul><li>Rajaretnam, Thevy.  (2004).  Using Online Grammar Quizzes for Language Learning .  The Internet TESL Jo...
References <ul><li>Sticht, Thomas.  National Center for Adult Learning and Literacy.  (1997).  The Theory Behind Content-B...
Recommended Websites <ul><li>READING EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Riverdeep </li></ul>...
Recommended Websites <ul><li>CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL WEBSITES </li></ul><ul><li>Starfall </li></ul><ul><li>ABC Teach </li><...
Recommended Websites <ul><li>ONLINE TRANSLATION </li></ul><ul><li>Google Language Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Interlink </...
The End
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Multimedia In The Esol Curriculum (Conference)

2,632 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Multimedia In The Esol Curriculum (Conference)

  1. 1. Multimedia in the ESOL Curriculum Lisa A. Rutherford Rustaq College of Education April 24, 2008
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>What is Multimedia? </li></ul><ul><li>Core ESOL English Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Content-Based ESOL Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Suggested Websites </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Multimedia? <ul><li>“ Multimedia education combines text, graphics, video, animation, and sound to represent and convey information.” </li></ul>(International Society of Technology and Education, 2002, pg. 36).
  4. 4. Benefits of Multimedia in ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>The integration of technology into the ESOL curriculum improves students’ English language acquisition skills in general testing. (Cobb, n.d.) </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia education improves overall student performance measures in motivation, self-directed learning, retention and testing. (MacDonald, 1997) (Cobb, n.d.) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Multimedia? <ul><li>Audio-Visual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DVD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VHS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cassette tapes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computer Assisted Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1-computer, 5–computer or 30-computer classroom, Laptop Classroom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online programs </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Educational Technology in the Classroom <ul><li>One Computer classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve information, download news, books, articles, statistics and formulas for the whole class to use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Five Computer classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative research projects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thirty computer classroom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More extensive projects, write essays, write e-mails, do website development, student newsletters, research papers, write PowerPoint presentations, produce Moviemaker videos </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Laptop Port Classroom </li></ul>
  7. 7. Computerized Classroom <ul><li>Teacher’s computer for overhead projection of lessons and online materials. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1-Computer Classroom <ul><li>Used as a research station for all students to access. </li></ul>
  9. 9. 5-Computer Classroom <ul><li>Used as a work station for students to access in study groups. </li></ul>
  10. 10. 5-Computer Classroom <ul><li>The class is divided into groups of 5 students. </li></ul><ul><li>For example, when Group 1 is called, they may go to the Computer Corner and do research on a given topic. </li></ul><ul><li>The rest of the class remains seated and continues to read their assignment. </li></ul>
  11. 11. 30-Computer Classroom <ul><li>For computer skills, research, projects </li></ul>
  12. 12. LAPTOP Workstation Classroom <ul><li>Up to 50 computers: computer skills, research, </li></ul>
  13. 13. 30-Computer Classroom <ul><ul><li>Students learn software applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing, spreadsheets, presentations, graphics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students may do online research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students may write research papers and make presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students may make more extensive projects like MovieMaker documentaries </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Core ESOL English Curriculum The Basics for Beginners
  15. 15. ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Core ESOL English Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students with low proficiency levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking, reading, writing, listening, and grammar. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Content-Based ESOL Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students with higher proficiency levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject-matter in science, math, English and social studies. </li></ul></ul>The U.S. requires a core English curriculum and a content-based ESOL curriculum, depending on student literacy and fluency levels.
  16. 16. Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Core ESOL English Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students with lower proficiency levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaking, reading, writing, listening, and grammar. </li></ul></ul>ESOL requires the “application of essential strategies for developing and integrating the four language skills of listening comprehension, oral communication, reading and writing.” (Florida Sunshine State ESOL Standard 11 )
  17. 17. Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Speaking and Listening Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia labs are beneficial to ESOL students’ listening & speaking skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software, CD’s and DVD’s for listening comprehension and pronunciation practice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online instruction is available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IELTS Online, ESL Pod, English Language Listening Lab, Randall’s English Listening Lab </li></ul></ul></ul>Computer-assisted pronunciation software applications dramatically improve foreign language pronunciation. (Hew & Ohki, 2004).
  18. 18. Audacity Software
  19. 19. Voice Recognition Arabic Read and Write
  20. 20. Online Listening Randall’s English Listening Lab
  21. 21. ELLLO Listening Lab Online
  22. 22. Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Reading Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-assisted reading programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Riverdeep </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerated Reader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TextHelp Read and Write </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online reading programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading is Fundamental website </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gutenberg Project website </li></ul></ul></ul>Reading materials are usually more visually attractive, more user friendly through hyperlinks, and more interesting because the reading programs are more interactive than books. (Shiratuddin, 2001)
  23. 23. Online Literacy Starfall
  24. 24. Online Sign Language Literacy Starfall
  25. 25. Literacy Software Text Help Read &Write <ul><li>Text to Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Word Prediction </li></ul><ul><li>Phonetic Spell Checker </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Maker </li></ul><ul><li>Voice Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Automated Read Aloud </li></ul>
  26. 26. Letter Recognition
  27. 27. Letter Recognition Read and Write Arabic
  28. 28. Online Literacy Starfall
  29. 29. Online Literacy Starfall
  30. 30. Starfall Reading Online <ul><li>Little Red Hen </li></ul>
  31. 31. Reading Online Reading is Fundamental Website
  32. 32. International Children’s Library <ul><li>Dr. Abu Bakr al Razi (Egypt Arabic) </li></ul>
  33. 33. International Children’s Library <ul><li>The 25 th Hour (Mongolia) </li></ul>
  34. 34. International Children’s Library <ul><li>Sincerity of a White Dove (Japanese) </li></ul>
  35. 35. International Children’s Library <ul><li>Books from Malaysia </li></ul>
  36. 36. Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Writing Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing utilities and editing software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grammatik and spell check </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dictionary, thesaurus, translation utilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International ESOL e-mail exchange programs </li></ul></ul>Students enjoy practicing writing skills in multimedia labs because they can work at their own pace, correct their errors immediately and they are able to “assume a much higher degree of control over their own learning than in most traditional writing classes.” (Johnson & Brine, 1999, p. 261).
  37. 37. Typing Software <ul><li>Keys Software </li></ul>
  38. 38. Typing Software Rapid Typing
  39. 39. Typing Software Typing Master Pro
  40. 40. Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Grammar Skills & Online grammar programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English Exercises Online, IELTS Online, English Club, English Aquarium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons on parts of speech, verb conjugation, vocabulary and business English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Varying difficulty levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test preparation in TOEIC, TOEFL, GMAT, SAT, GRE, MCAT </li></ul></ul>Students found online grammar quizzes more interesting and less difficult. This is because they choose their activities, adjust difficulty levels, and answers are automatically provided. (Rajarentnam 2004, p.4).
  41. 41. Hot Potatoes Software
  42. 42. Hot Potatoes Software
  43. 43. Hot Potatoes Software
  44. 44. Hot Potatoes Software
  45. 45. Hot Potatoes Software
  46. 46. Hot Potatoes Software
  47. 47. Hot Potatoes Software
  48. 48. Core ESOL English Curriculum <ul><li>Vocabulary expansion and dictionary use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing translation utilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand-held electronic dictionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilingual dictionary pens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translation software such as Systran </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online translation at AltaVista BabelFish </li></ul></ul>ESOL students who use computerized dictionaries can access words faster and retain vocabulary words at a higher rate than students who use traditional dictionaries. (Loucky, 2003).
  49. 49. Bilingual Dictionary Software VerbAce 7.0
  50. 50. Global Translator Software
  51. 51. Mobile Dictionary
  52. 52. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum A Shift to Academic Literacy across the Curriculum
  53. 53. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Content-Based ESOL Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum for ESOL students with higher proficiency levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject-matter in science, math, English and social studies. </li></ul></ul>Educators are required to employ appropriate instructional materials, media and technology for ESOL in the content areas at the elementary, middle and high school levels. (Florida Sunshine State ESOL Standard 12).
  54. 54. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>A shift from English literacy in core English to academic literacy in science, math, social sciences and history. </li></ul><ul><li>Content-based ESOL results in improved academic performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purposeful learning in subject matter areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning which is applicable to the student </li></ul></ul>A content-based ESOL curriculum results in higher learning and retention rates in vocabulary and general reading. (MacDonald, 1997).
  55. 55. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Multimedia Learning across a Content-Based ESOL Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Activities-Based Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative Projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International Projects </li></ul></ul>“ Educators must evaluate, adapt and employ appropriate instructional materials, media, and technology for ESOL in the content areas at the elementary, middle and high school levels.” (Florida Sunshine State ESOL Standard 17)
  56. 56. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Independent Activities-Based Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web-based lessons, online research, webquests, online scrapbooking, cyberguides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When researching a given topic, students should be encouraged to use sources from the disciplines of mathematics, science, social sciences and English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summaries, research papers, posters </li></ul></ul>Independent activities-based learning can also facilitate analytical and problem solving skills which can be evidenced in the production of a presentation or a research paper.
  57. 57. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>Collaborative Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia presentations, creating a website, making an online searchable library, writing a classroom newsletter, conduct a social action project. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative multiculturalism project on each student’s native country, language and culture; student are formed into teams by language groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social service projects - Welcome packet & compilation of resources for newcomer students. </li></ul></ul>Social action projects can be used to instruct students to aid in the development of others.
  58. 58. Bangkok Post for ESL Online
  59. 59. News Online National Geographic for Kids
  60. 60. Content-Based ESOL Curriculum <ul><li>International Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercultural awareness programs through e-mail exchanges. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past international projects have been shown to improve English reading, writing and cultural awareness. </li></ul></ul>A Fulbright U.S.-Brazil intercultural project which sought to “improve English skills to broaden cross-cultural understanding and sharpen technological abilities” was found to improve English performance in reading and writing skills. (Shulman, 2001, p.2, 5).
  61. 61. Conclusion <ul><li>Multimedia ESOL learning improves student motivation and achievement. </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia ESOL instruction accelerates student learning, especially in English proficiency and literacy. </li></ul><ul><li>ESOL students make gains because they have the freedom to learn with flexibility. </li></ul>
  62. 62. THE END
  63. 63. References <ul><li>Belisle, Ron. (1996). E -Mail Activities in the ESL Writing Class . The Internet TESL Journal, II(12). Retrieved September 7, 2007, from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Belisle-Email.html </li></ul><ul><li>Cobb, Kimberly Johnson. (Unpublished, No date) Facilitating Second Language Acquisition through Computer Assisted Language Learning . Retrieved 9/14/2007 from </li></ul><ul><li>http://chiron.valdosta.edu/are/Artmanscrpt/vol1no1/cobb_am.pdf#search='Computer%20Assisted%20Learning%20ESOL </li></ul><ul><li>Carroll, Jeri A. & Witherspoon, Tonya L. (2002). Linking Technology and Curriculum, Integrating the ISTE NETS Standards into Teaching and Learning . New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Dyer, R.R. Reed, P.A. & Berry, R.Q. (2006). Investigating the Relationship between High School Technology Education and Test Scores for Algebra 1 and Geometry. Journal of Technology Education, Vol. 17(2). Retrieved September 12, 2007 from http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE/v17n2/dyer.html </li></ul>
  64. 64. References <ul><li>Fandrych, Ingrid. (2001). Word Processors' Grammar and Spelling Assistance: Consequences for Second Language Learning and Teaching . The Internet TESL Journal, VII(6). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Fandrych-WordPro.html </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Department of Education. (2007). Florida Consent Decree . Retrieved 9/13/2007 from http:// www.firn.edu/doe/omsle/lulac.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Department of Education. (2007). Performance Standards for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages . Office of Academic Achievement through Language Acquisition. Retrieved 9/13/2007 from http:// www.firn.edu/doe/omsle/perstand.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Hew, Soon-Hin and Ohki, Mitsuru. (2004). Effect of Animated Graphic Annotations and Immediate Visual Feedback in Aiding Japanese Pronunciation Learning: A Comparative Study. The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Journal, 21(2). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from https:// www.calico.org/memberBrowse.php?action = article&id =278 </li></ul>
  65. 65. References <ul><li>Ho, Caroline Mei Lin. (2000). Developing Intercultural Awareness and Writing Skills through E-Mail Exchange . The Internet TESL Journal, 6(12). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Ho-Email.html </li></ul><ul><li>International Society for Technology in Education. (2002). National Educational Technology Standards for Teachers: Connecting the Curriculum and Technology . Oregon: International Society for Technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Johnson, E. Marcia and Brine, John W. (1999). Design and Development of CALL Courses in Japan. The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Journal, 17(2). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from https:// www.calico.org/memberBrowse.php?action = article&id =508 </li></ul><ul><li>Karagiannidis, Charalampos. (2001). Integrating Adaptive Educational Content into Different Courses and Curricula . Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 4(3). Retrieved September 5, 2007 from http://www.ifets.info/journals/4_3/karagiannidis.pdf </li></ul>
  66. 66. References <ul><li>Lee, Kuang-wu. (2000). Energizing the ESL/EFL Classroom through Internet Activities. The Internet TESL Journal, VI(4). Retrieved September 10, 2007 from </li></ul><ul><li>http://iteslj.org/Articles/Lee-InternetActivities.html </li></ul><ul><li>Liou, Hsien-Chin. (1993). Investigation of Using Text-Critiquing Programs in a Process-Oriented Writing Class . The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Journal, 10(4). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from https://www.calico.org/html/article_555.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Loucky, John Paul. (2003). Using Computerized Bilingual Dictionaries to Help Maximize English Vocabulary Learning at Japanese Colleges . The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Journal, 21(1). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from https:// www.calico.org/memberBrowse.php?action = article&id =284 </li></ul><ul><li>McDonald, Barbara. National Center for Adult Learning and Literacy. (1997). The Impact of Content-Based Instruction: Three Studies. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice . NCSALL Journal, Volume 1, Issue D, December 1997. Retrieved 9/77/2007 from http:// www.ncsall.net/index.php?id =429 </li></ul>
  67. 67. References <ul><li>Rajaretnam, Thevy. (2004). Using Online Grammar Quizzes for Language Learning . The Internet TESL Journal, X(8). Retrieved September 9, 2007 from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Rajaretnam-OnlineQuizzes.html </li></ul><ul><li>Rollinghoff, Andraes. (1993). Implementing Word Learning Strategies into an Interactive Learning Environment. The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Journal, 11(2). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from https://www.calico.org/i-83-Vol%2011,%20No.%202%20(Winter%201993).html </li></ul><ul><li>Shiratuddin, Norshuhada. (2001). Internet Instructional Method: Effects on Students' Performance. Journal of Educational Technology and Society, 4(3). Retrieved on September 10, 2007 from http://www.ifets.info/journals/4_3/shiratuddin.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Shulman, Myra. (2001). Developing Global Connections through Computer-Mediated Communication . The Internet TESL Journal, VII(6). Retrieved on September 10, 2007 from http://iteslj.org/Articles/Shulman-CMC.html </li></ul>
  68. 68. References <ul><li>Sticht, Thomas. National Center for Adult Learning and Literacy. (1997). The Theory Behind Content-Based Instruction. Focus on Basics: Connecting Research and Practice. NCSALL Journal, Volume 1, Issue D, December 1997. Retrieved 9/17/2007 from http:// www.ncsall.net /?id=433 </li></ul><ul><li>Zhao, Yong. (1996). Language Learning on the World Wide Web: Toward a Framework of Network Based CALL . The Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO) Journal, 14(1). Retrieved September 7, 2007 from https:// www.calico.org/memberBrowse.php?action = article&id =284 </li></ul><ul><li>20 U.S.C. 70 Section 6912. (2007). No Child Left Behind Act. Retrieved 9/13/2007, from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/search/display.html?terms=6912&url=/uscode/html/uscode20/usc_sec_20_00006912----000-.html </li></ul>
  69. 69. Recommended Websites <ul><li>READING EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>Accelerated Reader </li></ul><ul><li>Riverdeep </li></ul><ul><li>ESL ONLINE </li></ul><ul><li>Go 4 English </li></ul><ul><li>English Language Listening Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Randall's ESL Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Web English Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>ESL Pod </li></ul><ul><li>English Exercises Online </li></ul><ul><li>A4ESL </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar Aquarium </li></ul><ul><li>http://renlearn.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://web.riverdeep.ne </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.go4english.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.elllo.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.esl-lab.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webenglishteacher.com.esl.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eslpod.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.smic.be/smic5022/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://a4esl.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://perso.wanadoo.es/autoenglish/freeexercises.htm </li></ul>
  70. 70. Recommended Websites <ul><li>CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL WEBSITES </li></ul><ul><li>Starfall </li></ul><ul><li>ABC Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Heart </li></ul><ul><li>Reading is Fundamental (RIF) </li></ul><ul><li>Apple 4 the Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Public Broadcasting System </li></ul><ul><li>Discovery Schools </li></ul><ul><li>BBC Education Online </li></ul><ul><li>Northumberland Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Kid Port </li></ul><ul><li>MagicKeys </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.starfall.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.abcteach.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachingheart.net </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rif.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://apple4theteacher.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pbskids.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.school.discovery.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools </li></ul><ul><li>http://ngfl.northumberland.gov.uk </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kidport.com </li></ul>
  71. 71. Recommended Websites <ul><li>ONLINE TRANSLATION </li></ul><ul><li>Google Language Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Interlink </li></ul><ul><li>Alta Vista Babelfish </li></ul><ul><li>Systran Software </li></ul><ul><li>ONLINE BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Public Library </li></ul><ul><li>Project Gutenberg </li></ul><ul><li>COLLEGE TEST PREPARATION </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Testing Service (ETS) </li></ul><ul><li>Test Prep (TOEFL, TOEIC) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com.om/language_tools? </li></ul><ul><li>http://eslus.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.babelfish.altavista.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.systransoft.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ipl.org/div/books </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ets.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.english-test.net / </li></ul>
  72. 72. The End

×