CAN CELLULAR NETWORKSKEEP UP WITH THE GROWTH      OF BIG DATA?             David Goodman               NYU WIRELESS  Polyt...
Cellular Data Crisis 2010                                                            January 28, 2010                    @...
Cellular Data Crisis             2012 Update4G upgrade signalsthreat and                           FT: Feb. 25, 2012opport...
Cellular Data Crisis                                          COST$$                                         REVENUE      ...
Cellular Data Crisis• Revenue 2005-09     $8.5B →$37B       4x• AT&T Data Usage 2006-09             70x• Japan data usage ...
Cellular Data Usage• BlackBerry = Cellphone x 2• iPhone = BlackBerry x 5• Aircard = iPhone x 5• iPad, future devices and s...
Cellular Service Plans• Voice      $60      750 minutes          $600/GB• SMS        $20      1000 texts*      $60000/GB• ...
What’s wrong with this picture?            Revenue        Demand     Voice Usage sensitive Limited     SMS     Data   Fixe...
Industry response $10-50/GB                From June 28, 2012                        David Goodman July 25, 2012
New picture (June 2012)        Revenue         Demand  Voice Usage sensitive Limited  SMS Fixed  Data Fixed            Unl...
Increase Network Capacity• Cell splitting• More spectrum• Advanced technology                          David Goodman July ...
Increase Network Capacity                   1985-2008• Total                        x10,000• Cell splitting               ...
FCC Auction 2008 $19,000,000,000               David Goodman July 25, 2012
4G Spectrum AuctionsFrance    €3.8BGermany   €4.4BItaly     €3.9BSpain     €1.6BUK        Late 2012                  David...
Cellular technology evolution            wider transmission bands  1G            2G       3G        4G25-30 kHz     200 kH...
Cellular technology evolution            Internet core network 1G               2G, 3G       4GCellular                SS7...
Cellular technology evolution              multiple access  1G, “4G”          2G                   3G FDMA               T...
Cellular technology evolution              system names    1G               2G                   3G 1980 – NMT        1990...
Addressing the data crisis                  Industry trends• LTE  –   Up to 20 MHz signal band  –   Up to 300/75 (DL/UL) t...
NYU WIRELESSDirector: Prof. Ted Rappaport   nyuwireless.org                                       David Goodman July 25, 2...
Addressing the data crisis              Future directions• Network optimization with small cells• mm wave transmission• Co...
Addressing the data crisis       NYU WIRELESS RESEARCH• Network with small cells  – Optimum cell selection Prof. Rangan  –...
Femto and pico     Femto- and Picocells:                             cells     Small is Beautiful                    Small...
Femtocell                  Use customer                  broadband for                  backhaul                   Offload...
Femtocell challenges• Uncontrolled interference environment  – Unplanned deployments.  – Large power disparities between m...
Small cells are coming Todays Top News (June 25, 2012)Rumor mill: AT&T gears up to order        100,000 small cells(283,00...
Backhaul becoming a dominant             cost• Backhaul represents significant cost to operators:   – 30 to 50% of OPEX co...
Cell selection with opportunistic          backhaul: Prof S. Rangan•   Cell selection now based on signal strength•   Add ...
Cellular Handover, Prof. Panwar• Handover between macrocells takes less than 100ms.• Handover to indoor Femtocells   – Nea...
Faster Handover• Prefetch user data to picocells in proximity.• Add a fast over-the-air interface connecting picocells.• D...
Background Spectrum Allocation for 60GHz – key        mmWave frequency                                                    ...
mm Wave devices                              mmWave/sub-THz on-chip antennas                              Probe de-embed...
Cooperative communications   research at NYU WIRELESS•Antenna diversity (virtual MIMO)•Cooperative coding•Coop MAC – IEEE8...
Cooperative communicationsPortable devices communicate with each other             S1                             Base Sta...
Adaptive Pricing Research                 QuickTime™ and a                  decompressor          are needed to see this p...
Beyond the data crisis• Align theory, experiments, and systems• Challenges become opportunities  – Mobile (distribute info...
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David Goodman - IEEE VTS UKRI - Can cellular networks keep up with the growth of big data?

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David Goodman - IEEE VTS UKRI - Can cellular networks keep up with the growth of big data?

  1. 1. CAN CELLULAR NETWORKSKEEP UP WITH THE GROWTH OF BIG DATA? David Goodman NYU WIRELESS Polytechnic Institute of New York University dgoodman@poly.edu IEEE VTS-UKRI CHAPTER MEETING July 26, 2012 David Goodman July 26, 2012
  2. 2. Cellular Data Crisis 2010 January 28, 2010 @ 4G World: Carriers brace for data storm October 20, 21 2010Like the rest of the world, Japan is forecasting explosive growth in data traffic. Japanese end users are demanding high-definition digital cameras, access to YouTube, e-books and online games. David Goodman July 25, 2012
  3. 3. Cellular Data Crisis 2012 Update4G upgrade signalsthreat and FT: Feb. 25, 2012opportunity10-fold surge in global mobile data traffic … by 2016 Non-voice service revenue annual % growth: Italy 1.8, UK 4.9, Germany 7.0 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  4. 4. Cellular Data Crisis COST$$ REVENUE Time iPhone etc. SMS David Goodman July 25, 2012
  5. 5. Cellular Data Crisis• Revenue 2005-09 $8.5B →$37B 4x• AT&T Data Usage 2006-09 70x• Japan data usage 2007 – 2017 200x ?? David Goodman July 25, 2012
  6. 6. Cellular Data Usage• BlackBerry = Cellphone x 2• iPhone = BlackBerry x 5• Aircard = iPhone x 5• iPad, future devices and services = ??? David Goodman July 25, 2012
  7. 7. Cellular Service Plans• Voice $60 750 minutes $600/GB• SMS $20 1000 texts* $60000/GB• Data $60 5 GB $12/GB• iPhone $30 unlimited →$5/GB??Pandora=60 MB/hour Live video =300 MB/hour*2011: 8T texts = $127B = $53,000/GB David Goodman July 25, 2012
  8. 8. What’s wrong with this picture? Revenue Demand Voice Usage sensitive Limited SMS Data Fixed Unlimited David Goodman July 25, 2012
  9. 9. Industry response $10-50/GB From June 28, 2012 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  10. 10. New picture (June 2012) Revenue Demand Voice Usage sensitive Limited SMS Fixed Data Fixed Unlimited Usage sensitive David Goodman July 25, 2012
  11. 11. Increase Network Capacity• Cell splitting• More spectrum• Advanced technology David Goodman July 25, 2012
  12. 12. Increase Network Capacity 1985-2008• Total x10,000• Cell splitting x400• More spectrum x3.4• Efficient technology x7 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  13. 13. FCC Auction 2008 $19,000,000,000 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  14. 14. 4G Spectrum AuctionsFrance €3.8BGermany €4.4BItaly €3.9BSpain €1.6BUK Late 2012 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  15. 15. Cellular technology evolution wider transmission bands 1G 2G 3G 4G25-30 kHz 200 kHz 5 MHz 1.4-20 MHz 100 MHz1980 1990 2000 2010 20??AMPS GSM WCDMA LTE LTE-A David Goodman July 25, 2012
  16. 16. Cellular technology evolution Internet core network 1G 2G, 3G 4GCellular SS7 - ISDN IPprotocols David Goodman July 25, 2012
  17. 17. Cellular technology evolution multiple access 1G, “4G” 2G 3G FDMA TDMA CDMA 1990 2000 2010 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  18. 18. Cellular technology evolution system names 1G 2G 3G 1980 – NMT 1990 – GSM 2000 – UMTS NORDIC GLOBAL UNIVERSAL 4G 2010 – ??? LTE David Goodman July 25, 2012
  19. 19. Addressing the data crisis Industry trends• LTE – Up to 20 MHz signal band – Up to 300/75 (DL/UL) throughput – Up to 4x4 MIMO – IP core network• Video compression• Smaller cells• Wi-Fi off-loading David Goodman July 25, 2012
  20. 20. NYU WIRELESSDirector: Prof. Ted Rappaport nyuwireless.org David Goodman July 25, 2012
  21. 21. Addressing the data crisis Future directions• Network optimization with small cells• mm wave transmission• Cooperative communications• Cognitive radio• Adaptive pricing David Goodman July 25, 2012
  22. 22. Addressing the data crisis NYU WIRELESS RESEARCH• Network with small cells – Optimum cell selection Prof. Rangan – Handover for mobile terminals Prof. Panwar• mm wave communication, Prof. Rappaport – Measurements, devices• Cooperative communications Prof. Erkip, Knox, Panwar – Algorithms, signal processing, testbed David Goodman July 25, 2012
  23. 23. Femto and pico Femto- and Picocells: cells Small is Beautiful Smaller, easily deployable, lower costTraditional Nokia MetroSite Huawei femtocellmacrocell tower UMTS base “personal base station station”5 Wireless Research Lab David Goodman July 25, 2012
  24. 24. Femtocell Use customer broadband for backhaul Offload traffic from Macro cells David Goodman July 25, 2012
  25. 25. Femtocell challenges• Uncontrolled interference environment – Unplanned deployments. – Large power disparities between macro and femto. – Restricted association & closed subscriber groups• Need for self-configuration & “plug & play”. – Must synchronize for macro-femto handover & to enable advanced interference mitigation techniques.• Mixed backhaul: operator and subscriber’s ISP. David Goodman July 25, 2012
  26. 26. Small cells are coming Todays Top News (June 25, 2012)Rumor mill: AT&T gears up to order 100,000 small cells(283,000 cells total in USA at end of 2011) Small cells=femto < pico < metro < micro www.smallcellforum.org David Goodman July 25, 2012
  27. 27. Backhaul becoming a dominant cost• Backhaul represents significant cost to operators: – 30 to 50% of OPEX costs by various estimates• Cost and management of airlink is decreasing – Lower power / smaller cells – Self-organization• With greater bandwidth and larger numbers of cell sites, backhaul will become dominant expense• Is there a cheaper way to deliver backhaul? David Goodman July 25, 2012
  28. 28. Cell selection with opportunistic backhaul: Prof S. Rangan• Cell selection now based on signal strength• Add backhaul as selection criterion• Provision for average (not maximum) traffic• Opportunistic backhaul challenges – Variable traffic loads – Distributed management – Heterogenous cell sizes – Load balancing – Small numbers of users per cell David Goodman July 25, 2012
  29. 29. Cellular Handover, Prof. Panwar• Handover between macrocells takes less than 100ms.• Handover to indoor Femtocells – Near stationary user – Slow handover: Many messages going over the public internet.• Handover among outdoor picocells – More Frequent: Users quickly passing through small cells. David Goodman July 25, 2012
  30. 30. Faster Handover• Prefetch user data to picocells in proximity.• Add a fast over-the-air interface connecting picocells.• Decouple control messages from actual handoff.Handover Durations for Femtocells• Legacy Handover ~ 1500ms. (applied as it is)• Prefetch-based Fast Handover ~ 800ms. (with all control messaging via backhaul)• Near-Instantaneous Handover ~ 30ms. (with OTA interface) David Goodman July 25, 2012
  31. 31. Background Spectrum Allocation for 60GHz – key mmWave frequency • Spectrum allocation similar worldwide • 5 GHz common bandwidth among several countries•Park, C., Rappaport, T.S. , “Short Range Wireless Communications for Next Generation Networks: UWB, 60 GHz Millimeter-Wave PAN, and ZigBee,”Vol.14, No. 4, IEEE Wireless Communications Magazine, Aug. 2007, pp 70-78.•G. L. Baldwin, “Background on Development of 60 GHz for Commercial Use,” SiBEAM, inc. white paper, May2007, http://sibeam.com/whtpapers/Background_on_Dev_of_60GHz_for_Commercial%20Use.pdf David Goodman July 25, 2012
  32. 32. mm Wave devices  mmWave/sub-THz on-chip antennas  Probe de-embedding and calibration  RFICs for 60 GHz, 77 GHz, sub-THz  Wireless propagation measurements and modeling for mmWave/sub-THz  On-chip channel sounding system “PN Generator” “Antenna” Dec. 2009 Oct. 2010 3 1,4“Bevo 1” June 2009 1,4,5 “Bevo 4” July 2010 2 David Goodman July 25, 2012
  33. 33. Cooperative communications research at NYU WIRELESS•Antenna diversity (virtual MIMO)•Cooperative coding•Coop MAC – IEEE802•Relay•Video multicast•P-to-P content sharing David Goodman July 25, 2012
  34. 34. Cooperative communicationsPortable devices communicate with each other S1 Base Station S2 Bandwidth consumers → suppliers David Goodman July 25, 2012
  35. 35. Adaptive Pricing Research QuickTime™ and a decompressor are needed to see this picture. David Goodman July 25, 2012
  36. 36. Beyond the data crisis• Align theory, experiments, and systems• Challenges become opportunities – Mobile (distribute information) – Portable (human energy source) – Free space (broadcasting, cooperation)• Application specific networks – Health – Transportation – Environment – Entertainment David Goodman July 25, 2012

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