Introduction to the Land Use Workshop | Vicky West
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Introduction to the Land Use Workshop | Vicky West

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Introduction to the Land Use Workshop | Vicky West Introduction to the Land Use Workshop | Vicky West Presentation Transcript

  • Welcome to the ICARBAccounting for carbon in landuse workshop forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Purpose• Bring together interested parties• Consider what tools we’ve got• See if there’s anything missing• Consider if we can improve what we’ve got• See what work there is to do & think about where we go from here• Consider how ICARB can help forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • More integration?Woodland Expansion Advisory GroupReport to Cabinet Secretary Richard LochheadRecommendation 16: Carbon calculator. Forestry Commission Scotland should produce a simple to use ‘carbon ready-reckoner’ which allows land managers to identify whether –and by how much – woodland creation could help to reduce their land management carbon footprint.SG response states: To be completed by June 2013. forestry.gov.uk/carboncode View slide
  • ICARB C acct landuse :AgendaWoodlands• Woodland Carbon Code/Wdld Creation Vicky West, FC• CSORT/CARBINE – Woodland Management Paul Henshall, FRAgriculture• SAC Farm Tool Julian Bell, SAC/SRUC• The Cool Farm Tool John Hillier, Aberdeen UniPeatlands• Peatland Restoration Tool Rebekka Artz, JHI• Peat Carbon Code / Peatland Restoration Clifton Bain, IUCNModels vs Measurement• GHG emissions from measurements and modelling Bob Rees, SAC/SRUCCombining/Integrating Models?• Carbon Accounting for Land Managers forestry.gov.uk/carboncode Vicky West, View slide
  • Woodland Carbon Code Standards Tools for Predicting carbon sequestrationMethods for Measuring carbon sequestration Tracking carbon owners Clarity in use of carbon credits Dr Vicky West Forestry Commission
  • What is the Woodland Carbon Code?• Voluntary standard for woodland creation projects where carbon is ‘counted’• UK Forestry Standard – wider benefits• Robust carbon measurement tools• Transparent register• Validation & Verification by independent certification body• Reassurance for investors• Similar principles to VCS, Gold Standard, Carbonfix forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • The Code - ScopeIncludes:• Woodland creation• Carbon sequestration and emissions within a woodland• Baseline, LeakageDoesn’t include:• Changes to management of existingwoodlands• Carbon stored in forest products• Substitution effects (wood products or fuel)• Avoided emissions of previous landuse forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Progress to date• 104 Projects registered (45 in Scotland) • Create 3,130 ha new woodland • Will sequester >1.45M tCO2e over next 100 years • Across the UK, range of soils and altitudes • Mostly native, wide mix of species. Some conifers • Many different owners• 25 projects validated (18 in Scotland) • 41% of the area • 39% of the CO2 forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Predicting C Sequestration (1)Account for:• Emissions from establishment • seedlings, ground prep (diesel), fencing, tubes, herbicide, fertiliser, roads • Best emissions factors available from FR• Emissions from soil (disturbance) • Conservative estimation agreed with Edinburgh & Aberdeen Uni, JHI, FR • Assume soil C loss in year 1 (up to 20% of topsoil (0-30cm) carbon lost – f(soil type, intensity of disturbance)) • Only allow soil C gain on mineral soil previously under arable use. More options later with improved data• Emissions of woodland management (thinning and clearfelling) • Best estimates of fuel use from FR forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Predicting C sequestration (2) Carbon Lookup Tables • FR’s CSORT model – pre-run for many scenarios: • 17 species - species mapping for others • Various spacing, yield class, mgmt (no thin, thin, clearfell) • Accumulation of Carbon in Biomass and Debris • Predictions validated by certification body Carbon Cumulative Cum. Cum. Emis. Cumulative Debris Total Spacing Yield Period Standing in-period Biomass Ongoing TotalSpecies Management (tCO2e/ha/y (tCO2/ha/y (m) Class (year) (tCO2e/ (tCO2e/ha/ Sequestrn Mgmt Sequestrn r) r) ha/yr) 5yr period) (tCO2e/ha) (tCO2e/ha) (tCO2e/ha) SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 0-5 0.62 0.18 0.80 4.0 4.0 0.00 4.0 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 5-10 2.53 0.33 2.86 14.3 18.3 0.00 18.3 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 10-15 9.40 0.45 9.85 49.2 67.5 0.00 67.5 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 15-20 25.37 1.26 26.63 133.1 200.7 0.00 200.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 20-25 26.32 1.01 27.33 136.7 337.3 0.00 337.3 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 25-30 15.88 0.23 16.12 80.6 417.9 0.00 417.9 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 30-35 11.16 3.01 14.17 70.9 488.8 0.00 488.8 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 35-40 7.51 6.36 13.88 69.4 558.2 0.00 558.2 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 40-45 5.95 2.29 8.24 41.2 599.4 0.00 599.4 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 45-50 5.54 -0.06 5.48 27.4 626.7 0.00 626.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 50-55 5.03 -1.00 4.03 20.1 646.9 0.00 646.9 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 55-60 4.47 -1.22 3.25 16.2 663.1 0.00 663.1 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 60-65 3.96 -0.95 3.01 15.1 678.1 0.00 678.1 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 65-70 3.33 -1.21 2.12 10.6 688.7 0.00 688.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 70-75 2.87 -0.49 2.38 11.9 700.7 0.00 700.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 75-80 2.63 -0.61 2.02 10.1 710.8 0.00 710.8 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 80-85 2.44 -0.70 1.74 8.7 719.5 0.00 719.5 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 85-90 2.14 -0.22 1.92 9.6 729.1 0.00 729.1 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 90-95 1.89 -0.18 1.71 8.6 737.7 0.00 737.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 95-100 1.68 -0.47 1.21 6.1 743.7 0.00 743.7 forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Predicting C sequestration (3)Baseline• Changes to biomass carbon without project• Use IPCC Good Practice Guide LULUCF Any better estimates of stock/change to non- tree biomass / non-woodland soil in UK?Leakage• Changes to c balance outside project area (intensification of use or deforestation)• UK legislation minimises likelihood• Use IPCC Good Practice Guide LULUCF Any better estimates of intensification of use of non-woodland land in UK? forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Permanence: risk-based buffer Risk Thresholds for eachRisk Category risk category Lower Higher Risk RiskLegal/Social 1% 2%Project Management 1% 3%Finance 2% 5%Natural Disturbance: Fire 2% 4%Natural Disturbance: Weather 3% 6%Natural Disturbance: Pest & Disease 3% 10%Natural Disturbance: Direct Climate Change Effects 3% 10%Overall Risk Buffer 15% (Min) 40% (Max)% of carbon sequestration to contribute to buffer forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Project buffer contributionforestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Verifying carbon sequestration• Projects validated at outset and verified at year 5 + every 10 years (up to 100 years)Carbon Assessment Protocol• Sets out field measurement procedures to get accurate estimate of actual sequestration• Mensuration (tree height, diameter etc)  volume  biomass  carbon content• FR describe best methodologies available• Considering remote sensing/Lidar for future• Measurements verified by certification body forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Tracking carbon units• Currently: Project register (with details of carbon owners)• By July 2013 – Markit Environmental Registry: • Project Register • Carbon Unit Register (Pre-Issuance Units and Woodland Carbon Units) • Web-based carbon unit ‘For Sale’ board forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Mandatory + Voluntary Reporting• Mandatory reporting of GROSS GHG emissions from April 2013 – quoted companies• Defra GHG emissions reporting guidance for organisations recommends showing GROSS and NET emissions.• Overseas offsets (Kyoto and non-Kyoto)and Woodland Carbon Code-verifiedunits can be used in NET.• Markit Registry will demonstrateuse/retiral of credits forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  • Questions? Dr Vicky West vicky.west@forestry.gov.ukwww.forestry.gov.uk/carboncode forestry.gov.uk/carboncode