Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Introduction to the Land Use Workshop | Vicky West

573 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Introduction to the Land Use Workshop | Vicky West

  1. 1. Welcome to the ICARBAccounting for carbon in landuse workshop forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  2. 2. Purpose• Bring together interested parties• Consider what tools we’ve got• See if there’s anything missing• Consider if we can improve what we’ve got• See what work there is to do & think about where we go from here• Consider how ICARB can help forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  3. 3. More integration?Woodland Expansion Advisory GroupReport to Cabinet Secretary Richard LochheadRecommendation 16: Carbon calculator. Forestry Commission Scotland should produce a simple to use ‘carbon ready-reckoner’ which allows land managers to identify whether –and by how much – woodland creation could help to reduce their land management carbon footprint.SG response states: To be completed by June 2013. forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  4. 4. ICARB C acct landuse :AgendaWoodlands• Woodland Carbon Code/Wdld Creation Vicky West, FC• CSORT/CARBINE – Woodland Management Paul Henshall, FRAgriculture• SAC Farm Tool Julian Bell, SAC/SRUC• The Cool Farm Tool John Hillier, Aberdeen UniPeatlands• Peatland Restoration Tool Rebekka Artz, JHI• Peat Carbon Code / Peatland Restoration Clifton Bain, IUCNModels vs Measurement• GHG emissions from measurements and modelling Bob Rees, SAC/SRUCCombining/Integrating Models?• Carbon Accounting for Land Managers forestry.gov.uk/carboncode Vicky West,
  5. 5. Woodland Carbon Code Standards Tools for Predicting carbon sequestrationMethods for Measuring carbon sequestration Tracking carbon owners Clarity in use of carbon credits Dr Vicky West Forestry Commission
  6. 6. What is the Woodland Carbon Code?• Voluntary standard for woodland creation projects where carbon is ‘counted’• UK Forestry Standard – wider benefits• Robust carbon measurement tools• Transparent register• Validation & Verification by independent certification body• Reassurance for investors• Similar principles to VCS, Gold Standard, Carbonfix forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  7. 7. The Code - ScopeIncludes:• Woodland creation• Carbon sequestration and emissions within a woodland• Baseline, LeakageDoesn’t include:• Changes to management of existingwoodlands• Carbon stored in forest products• Substitution effects (wood products or fuel)• Avoided emissions of previous landuse forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  8. 8. Progress to date• 104 Projects registered (45 in Scotland) • Create 3,130 ha new woodland • Will sequester >1.45M tCO2e over next 100 years • Across the UK, range of soils and altitudes • Mostly native, wide mix of species. Some conifers • Many different owners• 25 projects validated (18 in Scotland) • 41% of the area • 39% of the CO2 forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  9. 9. Predicting C Sequestration (1)Account for:• Emissions from establishment • seedlings, ground prep (diesel), fencing, tubes, herbicide, fertiliser, roads • Best emissions factors available from FR• Emissions from soil (disturbance) • Conservative estimation agreed with Edinburgh & Aberdeen Uni, JHI, FR • Assume soil C loss in year 1 (up to 20% of topsoil (0-30cm) carbon lost – f(soil type, intensity of disturbance)) • Only allow soil C gain on mineral soil previously under arable use. More options later with improved data• Emissions of woodland management (thinning and clearfelling) • Best estimates of fuel use from FR forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  10. 10. Predicting C sequestration (2) Carbon Lookup Tables • FR’s CSORT model – pre-run for many scenarios: • 17 species - species mapping for others • Various spacing, yield class, mgmt (no thin, thin, clearfell) • Accumulation of Carbon in Biomass and Debris • Predictions validated by certification body Carbon Cumulative Cum. Cum. Emis. Cumulative Debris Total Spacing Yield Period Standing in-period Biomass Ongoing TotalSpecies Management (tCO2e/ha/y (tCO2/ha/y (m) Class (year) (tCO2e/ (tCO2e/ha/ Sequestrn Mgmt Sequestrn r) r) ha/yr) 5yr period) (tCO2e/ha) (tCO2e/ha) (tCO2e/ha) SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 0-5 0.62 0.18 0.80 4.0 4.0 0.00 4.0 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 5-10 2.53 0.33 2.86 14.3 18.3 0.00 18.3 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 10-15 9.40 0.45 9.85 49.2 67.5 0.00 67.5 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 15-20 25.37 1.26 26.63 133.1 200.7 0.00 200.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 20-25 26.32 1.01 27.33 136.7 337.3 0.00 337.3 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 25-30 15.88 0.23 16.12 80.6 417.9 0.00 417.9 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 30-35 11.16 3.01 14.17 70.9 488.8 0.00 488.8 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 35-40 7.51 6.36 13.88 69.4 558.2 0.00 558.2 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 40-45 5.95 2.29 8.24 41.2 599.4 0.00 599.4 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 45-50 5.54 -0.06 5.48 27.4 626.7 0.00 626.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 50-55 5.03 -1.00 4.03 20.1 646.9 0.00 646.9 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 55-60 4.47 -1.22 3.25 16.2 663.1 0.00 663.1 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 60-65 3.96 -0.95 3.01 15.1 678.1 0.00 678.1 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 65-70 3.33 -1.21 2.12 10.6 688.7 0.00 688.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 70-75 2.87 -0.49 2.38 11.9 700.7 0.00 700.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 75-80 2.63 -0.61 2.02 10.1 710.8 0.00 710.8 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 80-85 2.44 -0.70 1.74 8.7 719.5 0.00 719.5 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 85-90 2.14 -0.22 1.92 9.6 729.1 0.00 729.1 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 90-95 1.89 -0.18 1.71 8.6 737.7 0.00 737.7 SAB 2.5 6 NO_thin 95-100 1.68 -0.47 1.21 6.1 743.7 0.00 743.7 forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  11. 11. Predicting C sequestration (3)Baseline• Changes to biomass carbon without project• Use IPCC Good Practice Guide LULUCF Any better estimates of stock/change to non- tree biomass / non-woodland soil in UK?Leakage• Changes to c balance outside project area (intensification of use or deforestation)• UK legislation minimises likelihood• Use IPCC Good Practice Guide LULUCF Any better estimates of intensification of use of non-woodland land in UK? forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  12. 12. Permanence: risk-based buffer Risk Thresholds for eachRisk Category risk category Lower Higher Risk RiskLegal/Social 1% 2%Project Management 1% 3%Finance 2% 5%Natural Disturbance: Fire 2% 4%Natural Disturbance: Weather 3% 6%Natural Disturbance: Pest & Disease 3% 10%Natural Disturbance: Direct Climate Change Effects 3% 10%Overall Risk Buffer 15% (Min) 40% (Max)% of carbon sequestration to contribute to buffer forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  13. 13. Project buffer contributionforestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  14. 14. Verifying carbon sequestration• Projects validated at outset and verified at year 5 + every 10 years (up to 100 years)Carbon Assessment Protocol• Sets out field measurement procedures to get accurate estimate of actual sequestration• Mensuration (tree height, diameter etc)  volume  biomass  carbon content• FR describe best methodologies available• Considering remote sensing/Lidar for future• Measurements verified by certification body forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  15. 15. Tracking carbon units• Currently: Project register (with details of carbon owners)• By July 2013 – Markit Environmental Registry: • Project Register • Carbon Unit Register (Pre-Issuance Units and Woodland Carbon Units) • Web-based carbon unit ‘For Sale’ board forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  16. 16. Mandatory + Voluntary Reporting• Mandatory reporting of GROSS GHG emissions from April 2013 – quoted companies• Defra GHG emissions reporting guidance for organisations recommends showing GROSS and NET emissions.• Overseas offsets (Kyoto and non-Kyoto)and Woodland Carbon Code-verifiedunits can be used in NET.• Markit Registry will demonstrateuse/retiral of credits forestry.gov.uk/carboncode
  17. 17. Questions? Dr Vicky West vicky.west@forestry.gov.ukwww.forestry.gov.uk/carboncode forestry.gov.uk/carboncode

×