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  • 1. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 SCIENCE (IJLIS) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME ISSN : 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN : 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December (2013), pp. 13-25 © IAEME: Journal Impact Factor (2013): 5.1389 (Calculated by GISI), IJLIS ©IAEME UTILIZATION OF E- JOURNALS BY THE RESEARCH SCHOLARS OF SREE SANKARACHARYA UNIVERSITY, KALADY: A CASE STUDY ANIE, N C Reference Assistant, Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady, Ernakulam District, Kerala 680 724 Dr. P. Sivaraman Associate Professor Department of Library and Information Science Distance Education Wing, Annamalai University Abstract: Library consortium aims to provide the member institutions and its users with maximum information with limited resources. UGC/Infonet e journal consortium, a joint venture of UGC and INFLIBNET underlines this objective by interlinking the universities and other research institutions of the country. The study attempts to determine how the research community of Sree Sankaracharya University, Kalady utilize this facility provided. A questionnaire survey was conducted among 270 research scholars of the university. It revealed that there is a high demand for library orientation program and training in the use of e- journals. Key words: Library Consortium, UGC/Infoent Consortium, Use of e-journals by Research Scholars of Sree Sankaracharya University. INTRODUCTION A consortium can be defined as a group of organizations agreeing to work together as a unit to achieve a pre determined common objective. Online dictionary of library and information sciences (ODLIS) defines Library Consortium as “an association of independent libraries and / or library systems established by formal agreement, usually for the purpose of sharing. Membership may be restricted to a specific geographical region, type of library (public, academic and special) or subject specialization”. Library consortiums aims to share the available resources and to avoid the duplication of titles. The fast developments in the computer and communication technologies, the advent of e-journals and e-databases coupled 13
  • 2. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME with high speed data communication facilities has paved the way for the present form of library consortia. A number of library consortiums exists today in international, national and regional levels. In India, we have some successful library consortiums, such as: 1. UGC/Infonet E journal consortium ( iniatiatives/infonet,html) 2. Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences and Technology (INDEST) consortium. ( 3. CSIR E journal consortium ( 4. Forum for Resource Sharing in Astronomy and Astrophysics (FORSA) (,html) 5. Health Sciences Library and Information Networks (HELINET) ( ,html) 6. Inter University Centres (IUC-DAEF Consortia ) ( iuc- cc/iuc/oc,html) Among the library consortiums the most important one is UGC/Infonet. It is a joint venture of UGC and INFLIBNET to promote electronic resource sharing among academic and research libraries of India. UGC launched this program in the year 2003 covering 57 universities in the first phase. Now it has completed three phases and is linked to 277 universities and it also provides Associate membership to private universities and other research institutions. UGC acts as the funding agency of the program and provides the member universities all infrastructural facilities to access the program. INFLIBNET centre is the nodal agency for the implementation and monitoring of the entire program. This consortium provides current as well as archival access to more than 7000 journals, 10 bibliographic databases, 4 open access resources from 23 publishers and aggregators. As already pointed out the main objective of the program is to interlink the universities, colleges and research institutions of the country electronically for achieving maximum academic and research output by facilitating free access to scholarly e journals and databases in almost all fields of research. It also helps to increase the teaching and learning efficiency by distributing knowledge in electronic format. E journal service is the key stone of the program. It facilitates free access to e journals and databases which provides bibliographic information, abstracts and full text of the article. Journals whether in print or in electronic format is the most important resource of a university library as it carries the primary source of information relevant to the needs of the scholars. In this electronic age, e journals have an advantage over printed journals. The multiple search capabilities, easier access, quick publications, multimedia presentations, hyperlinks etc are some of the features of electronic resources which attracts the information seekers. Therefore accessibility to electronic resources has become an integral part of any university library. Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady : a profile Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit (here after SSUS) was established in 1993 to impart knowledge in various branches of Sanskrit, as well as Indology, Indian and Foreign Languages, Philosophy, Literature, Fine Arts and Social Sciences. Along with other 14
  • 3. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME degrees and master degree courses the university offers integrated M.Phil./Ph.D. programs in different subjects. At present the university has 539 full time research scholars. Research Scholars of SSUS can be classified as a unique group, as all of them doing research work in traditional subjects such as Languages, Literature, History, Philosophy and Fine Arts. Thus contributing a great deal to the cultural development of the nation. In 2009 Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady was connected to this consortium during the 3 rd phase of the program. In this phase a computer centre was established in the university library with the installation of 1 Gbps leased connectivity under UGC NME-ICT project. 40 computer terminals were made available to the users free of cost. After the installation of the UGC/Infonet consortium no study had been conducted in SSUS to determine how the e journals of UGC/infonet consortium had been utilized in SSUS. It was in this context that this study was carried out to determine the level of awareness and utility of UGC/infonet consortium among the research scholars of SSUS. REVIEW OF LITERATURE In the recent years a number of studies had been carried out on the use of e journal consortiums in the universities and other academic institutions. The most relevant studies on the topic are as follows: In 2013, Nav Jyoti Dhingra conducted a study on the usage of e- resource consortium in Agriculture. It indicated that easy way of access and easy search methods were the important features of e resources which attracted the majority of the users. Lack of training was the main cause for less Utilization of e journals. Majority of the population revealed that by providing better training , the utilization of e- resources can increase. P Gomathy conducted a study on the use of UGC/Infonet E journal consortium by the faculty members and research scholars of Periyar university in 2013 and majority of the respondents revealed that e journals were better than its printed version and more than 75% of the respondents were making use of the service. Use of UGC/Infonet consortia by the research scholars at University of Delhi: a survey conducted by Naved Ahmad, Imtiaz Basha and Nishal Fatima in 2012, identified that majority of the research scholars (93.68%) were aware of the UGC/Infonet consortia and majority of them got information about the consortium through university library. The analysis also showed that Taylor and Francis was the most accessed resource. Awareness and usage of UGC/Infonet dogital library consortium among faculty members of state universities in Tamil Nadu : a survey conducted by Thanuskody in 2012 revealed that more than 90% of the faculty members know about the consortium and more than 75% of them accessed this resources for research purpose. The major problem faced by them was the non availability of the facility at the department chamber. A study conducted by Bhasker Mukherjee and Prashant Kumar in 2010 indicated that more than 60% of the respondents were satisfied with the existing model of UGC/Infonet consortium. But it needs further enhancement in terms of coverage in the area of interest of the users. There are many journals yet to be included in the database. 15
  • 4. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME Another study conducted by R H Walmiki, K C Ramakrishna Gowda and K R Prithviraj on the topic in 2010, two-third of the faculty members of Karnataka state universities revealed that, user education program conducted was only lecture oriented, no practical training had been given and it was a reason for non use. About half of the respondents said that non accessibility of e journals at the faculty work place was a reason for non use. Springer Link was the highest utilized resource. In 2009, B D Kumbar and Gururaj S Hadagali conducted a study in Karnataka university. In that study majority of the research scholars and faculty members indicated the necessity of including more number of e journals in the consortium. Again many of the respondents felt the necessity for regular training/ awareness program. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The research was undertaken with the following objectives: 1. To find out the purpose for which the research scholars use the UGC/Infonet e journal consortium. 2. To find out the frequency of use of UGC/Infonet e journal consortium. 3. To find out the adequacy of library orientation program. 4. To find out the preference of medium and resource. 5. To find out the reasons for use or non- use of UGC/Infonet e journal consortium. 6. To find out the difficulties related to the utilization of e-journals. 7. To find out suggestions for promoting UGC/Infonet e journal service. SCOPE AND LIMITATION The present study is based on the belief that UGC/Infonet e journal consortium will be a boon to the research scholars and they will constitute the main user group of the consortium in SSUS. The part time research scholars are not included in the study because the investigator finds that it will be a tedious and time consuming task to collect responses from them. METHODOLOGY A total of 539 full time research scholars were enrolled at SSUS in various subjects like Sanskrit, Malayalam, English, Hindi, History, Social sciences, Manuscriptology, Comparative Literature and others. In this survey one half of the total population from each department was selected as samples. For soliciting information from the targeted group a stratified sample of 275 was selected. A pre structured questionnaire was distributed among them. The research scholars were allowed to mark multiple choices relevant to them. The data collected by this method was analyzed and inferences were made by making use of standard statistical techniques. ANALYSIS OF DATA It was decided to include one half of the population as sample and 275 questionnaires were distributed. Among the distributed questionnaires 270 were returned. Out of them 118 respondents were found not to have used this service. Then the final response rate was 56.3%. 16
  • 5. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME Table 1: Subject wise Distribution of the Respondents Subjects Population Samples Hindi 53 26 English 45 22 History 54 28 Social sc. 47 22 Malayalam 67 34 Sanskrit 171 86 Manuscriptology 19 10 Comparative lit. 27 14 Others 56 28 Total 539 270 Subject wise Distribution : Table 1 shows the subject wise distribution of respondents. It is seen from the table that the highest number of research scholars is in Sanskrit followed by Malayalam. Some of the departments like Physical education, Music, Vastuvidya, Ayurveda, Theatre, Translation studies etc. have very small number of research scholars. So these departments were categorized as one and included under Others, that is Music (13), Dance (8) Theatre (8), Urdu (7), Vastuvidya (6), Physical education (2) Ayurveda (3), Translation Studies (9). Figure 1: Computer Experience Previous Knowledge yes no 10% 90% Previous Knowledge in Computer/Internet : The figure 1 shows that the majority (90%) of the research scholars of SSUS are computer literate. Subjects Sanskrit (n=86) Malayalam (n=34) Hindi (n=26) English (n=22) History (n=28) Table 2: Use or Non use Used Percentage Not Used 17 (19.76%) 69 23 (67.64%) 11 14 14(53.84%) 12 19 (86.36%) 3 26 (92.85%) 2 Percentage (80.23%) (32.35%) (46.15%) (13.63%) (7.14%) Comp.Lit.(n=14) 14 (100%) 0 0% Social Sc.(n=22) 14 (63.63%) 8 (36.36%) 17
  • 6. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME Manuscriptology (n=10) Others (n=28) Total (n=270) 6 19 152 (60%) (67.85%) (56.3) 4 9 118 (40%) (32.14%) (43.7%) Use/Non use of UGC/Infonet E journal service . To get better output from the resources or services provided in a library maximum percentage of users have to use it. Table 2 showed that more than 40% of the total population was never used the service. Among the different departments, 100% of the research scholars of Comparative literature are utilized the service but in Sanskrit it was only 17%. Table 3: Reasons for Non use Reasons No. of Respondents Percentage Not aware 44 37.29% Cumulative Percentage 37.29% Lack of Training Lack of Time 42 35.59% 72.88% 8 6.78% 79.66% Journals not available 24 20.34% 100% Reasons for Non Use: Out of the 270 respondents, 118 were never used the UGC/Infonet e journal service. One of the most important objective of the study was to identify the reasons for the non use of the UGC/Infonet e journal consortium. Table 3 showed majority of the respondents (37%) were unaware about the service. Another main reason for keeping them away from the service was the non availability of journals of their interest. More than 20% of the non users selected that option. 36% of the respondents said due to lack of training they do not know how to make use of the service. Figure 2: Library Orientation Program Participation in Library Orientation Program 10% yes no 90% Participation in Library Orientation Program : Libraries organize orientation programs at certain intervals to create awareness among the users about library services, collection, building, staff etc. A well planned orientation program is a pre requisite for the efficient usage of library services. Figure 2 showed participation in orientation programs organized 18
  • 7. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME in the library. It was shocking that only 16 respondents (10%) took part in the orientation program. Again majority of the respondents among the participatory group indicated that only a very limited information had been given in the orientation program about the UGC/Infonet e journal service Table 4: Source of Information Source of Information No. of Respondents Percentage Cumulative Percentage Library Advertisement 6 3.95% 3.95% Friends 85 55.92% 59.87% Teachers/Guide 44 28.95% 88.82% Library Staff 17 11.18% 100% Source of Information about the UGC/Infonet E journal service: Libraries always promote their services through different channels such as library websites, orientation programs, library bulletins etc. Library staff themselves could act as a source of information. A majority (56%) among the respondents who were aware about the service said that they have got the information about the UGC/Infonet service from their friends. And 30% of the respondents indicated that their source of information were their teachers. Table 5: Frequency of Use Daily Once in a week No. of Respondents 24 51 Twice in a week Occasionally 27 50 Usage 15.79% 33.55% Cumulative Percentage 15.79% 49.34% 17.77% 32.89% 67.11% 100% Percentage Frequency of Use : The efficiency of a library service is measured not only in terms of the number of users but also in terms of the frequency of use and the benefit they acquired. Table 5 explains the frequency of use of e journal service among research scholars. It showed that one third of the research scholars (32%) used the service occasionally and again another one third (33%) used it once in a week and the number of daily users were about 16%. Table 6: Purpose of utilizing e journals Purpose Writing articles Research work No of Respondents 9 74 19 Percentage 5.92% 48.68% Cumulative Percentage 5.92% 54.6%
  • 8. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME Up-to-date knowledge 21 13.82% 68.42% Seminar/Project Background knowledge 34 14 22.37% 9.21% 90.79% 100% Purpose of reading e journals : Research scholars need information in different forms and formats for different purposes. It is obvious from table 6 that about half of the total respondent’s utilized this service mainly for their research work. Again more than 20% of the respondents used it for preparing for seminars and projects. Table 7: Level of Satisfaction Subjects Sanskrit (n=17) Malayalam (n=23) Hindi (n=14) English (n=19) History (n=26) Comp.Lit.(n=14) Social Sc.(n=14) Manuscriptology (n=6) Others (n=19 Total (n=152) Satisfied 7 18 9 17 21 9 10 4 16 111 Percentage 41.18% 78.26% 64.29% 89.47% 80.77% 64.29% 71.43% 66.67% 84.21% 73.03% Not Satisfied 10 5 5 2 5 5 4 2 3 41 Percentage 58.82% 21.74% 35.71% 10.53% 19.23% 35.71% 28.57% 33.33% 15.79% 26.97% Level of satisfaction on availability of e journals : SSUS is a special university in the aspect of subjects offered for study. The university mainly cater to social sciences, languages and other related disciplines. A question is included for determining how the e journals of UGC/Infonet consortium deliver to these subjects. Among the total respondents, 111(73%) were satisfied with the service. Based on the subject specific analysis majority of research scholars of Sanskrit 10 (58.82%) were not satisfied with the e journal service while research scholars of English only 5 (10%) were dissatisfied with the service. A majority of all subjects except Sanskrit are satisfied with the existing UGC/Infonet e journal service. Figure 3: Advantages of e journals Features easy access easy search Hyperlink Whole time availability Screen Reading Downloading facility 27% 6% 15% 13% 31% 8% Reasons for utilizing e journals : The e resources have many advantages over print 20
  • 9. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME resources. Figure 3 indicated that easy search was the main feature which attracted more than 30% of the respondents. The feature of Down loading facility attracted 27% of the respondents. The features of hyper link (8%), whole time availability (15%), easy access (13%), screen reading (6%) also were very relevant qualities of e resources which attracted users. Figure 4: Publishing Media Publishing Media print electronic both 31% 66% 3% Preferred publishing media : In this electronic age, information resources are available in print and electronic form. Figure 4 showed that more than 60% of the respondents still consult print journals along with e journals. And more than 30% of the respondents prefer printed journals. Figure 5 : Preferred Output Device Output device used Printer CD/ROM Pen Drive Writing down from the screen 0% 31% 66% 3% Preferred Output Device : Figure 5 shows that more than 60% of the respondents prefer pen drive to store their resources. Again more than 30% of the respondents prefer Printer as their output device. Only a negligible number of users prefer CD/ROM as their secondary storage. Figure 6: Search Methods 21
  • 10. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME Search strategy Publisher wise searching Journal wise searching Keyword searching Content page searching 4% 24% 20% 52% Search Method : In the UGC/Infonet e journals different kinds of search methods are possible. Figure 6 shows that more than half of the respondents were in favor of key word searching. The next preferred search method followed is (24%) content page searching. 20% of the respondents prefer journal wise searching. Table 8 : Preferred E Journal Resource : No. of Cumulative Percentage Respondents Percentage ISID 10 6.58% 6.58% JCCC 32 21.05% 27.63% J STORE 74 48.69% 76.32% SPRINKER LINK 10 6.58% 82.9% CUP 9 5.92% 88.82% OUP 9 5.92% 94.74% TAYLOR & FRANCIS 8 5.26% 100% Preferred UGC/Infonet E Journal Resource: As the whole group of respondents belongs to Literature and Social Science disciplines it was interesting to note their preference of resource. Table 8 clearly showed that among the total respondents 74 (24%) preferred J STORE. Then 21.05% of respondents preferred JCCC. E Journal Resource Table 9 : Difficulties Faced Difficulties Faced Non availability of FT Journals Lack of Training Non availability of interested Journals Lack of Trained Staff No.of Respondents 34 22.36% Cumulative Percentage 22.37% 32 21.05% 43.41% 23 15.13% 58.54% 28 18.42% 76.96% 22 Percentage
  • 11. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME Lack of Comp. Terminals 5 3.29% 80.25% Searching is Difficult 12 7.9% 88.15% 18 11.85% 100% Slow Response Networks of Difficulties Faced in using E journals : Though the e journal resources have many advantages it was felt that in the usage there are some problems also. To analyze the difficulties the respondents were asked to indicate the relevance of the suggestions given. Table 9 depicted that for 34 ( 22%) respondents non availability of the full text journals was the most relevant problem. Next to that, lack of training was the difficulty faced by 32 ( 21%) of respondents which put them off from e journals. Another barrier faced by 28 (19%) respondents was lack of trained staff in the computer room. 23 (15%) respondents indicated that non availability of journals of their interest was the main reason for keeping them away from the service. For 11 (12%) respondents slow response of networks was the main reason for less utilization. For a smaller percentage of respondents lack of computer terminals was a barrier. Table 10: suggestions Suggestions More Training Higher Speed of Internet Co operation of Staff No. of Respondents 33 24 20 Percentage 21.71% 15.79% 13.16% Cumulative Percentage 21.71% 37.5% 50.66% Inclusion of additional 40 26.32% 76.98% e Journals More full text e journals 18 11.84% 88.82% Betterment of 17 11.18% 100% infrastructures Suggestions to promote utilization of UGC/Infonet E journal service : The study revealed that all the suggestions given by the investigator to increase the accessibility to the UGC/Infonet were relevant. Table 10 showed that more than 25% of the respondents indicated that by including more e journals in the resource it is possible to increase the utilization of e journal service. 22% of the respondents said that by providing more training programs it can improve the usage .13% of the respondents said that by the co-operation of the staff it is possible to promote the usage. 11% of the respondents said that by improving the infrastructural facilities it was possible to promote the accessibility. FINDINGS  More than 40% of the research scholars were not making use of UGC/Infonet e journal service, though about 100% of the users were computer literate. Among the research scholars in Sanskrit more than 80% were keeping away from the service. At the same time in comparative Literature 100% of the research scholars were utilizing this service. In total 56.3 % of research scholars were utilizing the service. 23
  • 12. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME             Lack of awareness about UGC/Infonet e journal service and lack of training (37% and 36% respectively) were the main reasons for the under utilization of the service. 20% of the respondents indicated that non availability of journals of their interest in full text was also a factor for less utilization. The existing library orientation program of the library was not adequate and only a very small percentage (10%) of the respondents participated in this program. It is find that for 60% of the research scholars the source of information about the service was their friends.. And about 30% of them have got information from their teachers. And only 6% of them were informed by library sources, which indicated the inadequacy of the efforts on the part of the library in promoting their services. One third of the research scholars were utilized this service once in a week. And another one third were occasional users. Daily users were only about 16%. About one half of the research scholars were utilized the service for their research work. Only 5% of them utilized this service for writing articles. In the subject wise analysis of the level of satisfaction on the availability of journals it was found that the highest satisfied categories were English (89.47%), Other subjects (84.21%), History (80.77%), Malayalam (78.28%). Again the least satisfied research scholars were of Sanskrit (41.18%) Easy search, down loading facility, whole time availability, easy access, hyper link, screen reading were the relevant features of e journals in decreasing order of preference attracted the users. It was found that more than 60% of the users were interested to read print journals along with e journals. This strongly indicated that even today printed journals have not lost its importance and printed journals can coexist with e journals in future. The study indicated that most preferred output device was pen drive for 66% of the users. Next to that 31% of them preferred printer as their output device. It revealed that CD Rom and writing down from the screen will become obsolete soon. About half of the users preferred key word searching and next to that about 20% of the users interested in content page searching. Among the total respondents 50% were chose J STORE as their preferred e journal resource. Next to that, more than 20% preferred JCCC. The important difficulty faced by the users while utilizing the e journals were non availability of full text articles (22%), lack of training (21%), lack of trained staff (18%), non availability of journals (15%), slow response of internet (12%) , difficulty in searching (8%), lack of terminals (3%). SUGGESTIONS Based on the findings of the study, the following suggestions are given :    Library services and facilities may be communicated out through library website, university website, library news letter etc. will help to increase its utilization. Library orientation program for the beginners and also when introducing new services is an important pre requisite for the promotion of the entire library services. Publishing of available e journal titles in websites or newsletters will help to promote its utilization. 24
  • 13. International Journal of Library and Information Science (IJLIS), ISSN: 2277 – 3533 (Print) ISSN: 2277 – 3584 (Online) Volume 2, Issue 2, July - December 2013, © IAEME    Periodical training programs may be arranged to enhance the usage of different types of services provided by the library. Inclusion of more e journals in full text especially for the subjects of Sanskrit, Hindi etc. will help to increase the usage. Periodical assessment of the utilization by checking the statistics available with the publishers is very important. Which will help to cancel the less used journals from the list and can include more useful journals. CONCLUSION: Though cooperation and resource sharing has emerged as an essential facet of modern university libraries, SSUS library is still in the normative stage of these programs. It is obvious that UGC/Infonet program has positive impact among the research scholars of SSUS. Electronic journals do assist the users in acquiring back ground information and also current information. By overcoming some of the barriers and providing timely awareness programs and training it is possible to maximize the utilization of the service. REFERENCES 1. ODLIS-Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science Available at (accessed 12 August 2013) UGC/Infonet Digital Library Consortium Available at 2. Nav Jyothi Dhingra (2013). Usage of consortium for E-resources in Agriculture (CeRA) by the faculty of Punjab Agriculture University , Ludhiana : a case study. International Journal of Information Dissemination and Technology, 3(1), 01-07. 3. Gomathy, P. (2013). Use of UGC/Infonet E-journal consortium by the Faculty Members and Research Scholars of Periyar University : a study. Journal of Advances in Library and Information Sciences, 2(1), 22-24. 4. Naved Ahmad, Imtiaz Basha, Nishat Fatima (2012). Use of UGC/Infonet consortia by the Research Scholars at University of Delhi : a survey. Library Philosophy and Practices. Annual vol. Accessed on 19.08.2013, 1522-0222) 5. Thanuskody, S. (2012). Awareness and Usage of UGC/Infonet Digital Library Consortium among Faculty members of State Universities of Tamil Nadu : a survey. International Journal of Information Sciences, 2(3), 13-18. 6. Bhaskar Mukherjee, Prashant Kumar (2010). Use of UGC/Infonet e journals by research scholars of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasy : a case study. Annals of Library and Information Studies, 57, 339-347. 7. Walmiki, R.H., Ramakrishnegowda, K.C. & Prithviraj, K.R.(2010). Awareness and use of UGC/Infonet digital library consortium by the faculty members of Karnataka State Universities. Annals of Library and Information Studies, 57, 33-43. 8. Kumbar, B.D. & Gururaj S. Hadagali (2009). Use of UGC/Infonet E journals Consortium by Faculty Members and Research Scholars of Karnataka University Dharwad. SRELS Journal of Information Management, 46(1), 61-72. 25