Reading habit and changing role of libraries - cla seminar
Sudesh Kumar SoodCollege Librarian(SG)Postgraduate Govt. College,Una,H.PMobile: 9418490033 Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgSudhir Kumar GuptaAssistant Librarian (Sel. Grade)Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and ForestryMobile No 94184-59260, Email: email@example.comReading habit and changing role of libraries in electronicenvironment:A case study of BCA students of Govt. PGCollege, Una, H.P.
ABSTRACT Reading habit is an essential and important aspect for creatingthe literate society in this world. It shapes the personality of anindividual and it helps them to develop the proper thinkingmethods and creating new ideas. At present, due to the influenceof the Mass Media, people could not show much interest inreading the books, magazines and journals etc, Therefore, thereis the urgent need to develop the reading habit among theindividuals in the society. The purposes of this study were todetermine if computer technology had an impact on BCA collegestudents‟ reading habits and if students‟ online reading habitsand their demographic variables, such asgender, age, employment status, and online hours wererelated.124 valid survey questionnaires were collected from BCAcollege students in Postgraduate Govt. College, Una. HimachalPradesh. The results indicated that BCA college students‟reading habits changed from paper-based to internet-basedreading. As to the topics of interest, the ranking sequence thatstudents indicated is entertainment, news and media, computerand internet, recreation and sports, references, arts andhumanities, and health. The results also indicated thatgender, age, education, employment status, online hours, andcollege students‟ reading habits are related. Suggestions and
INTRODUCTION According to Albert Einstein, “It has become appallingly obvious that our technologyexceeded our humanity.” Humans nowadays have learned to become dependent on thetechnology available today. According to izyanraihanah of www.oppapers.com, Reading is an aspect associated withliteracy. However, the reading process is not simple in its nature. It does not merely involverecognizing a single character and pronouncing it correctly or to recognize and pronounce afew characters that are arranged in a particular manner, but more importantly it is the abilityto understand the meaning of these arrangements. According to Bullock (1975), reading is more than a reconstruction of the authors Hagood (2003, p.387) emphasized, “because new media and online literacy are part andparcel of our day-to-day lives, reading researchers and educators need to begin to view themas a central aspect of literacy research.” If computers have replaced the traditional literacy world, it isnoteworthy that educators, publishers, writers, and softwareengineers might cooperate with each other to create moreinteresting and economic online materials for students based onthe knowledge of students‟ reading habits and reading behaviors.
C.S. Lewis says, "We read to know we are not alone." "Reading makes one perfect" is not an exaggeration. Reading habit opens new vistas of knowledge and takes one to wonderful worlds Chinese philosopher Confucius says, "No matter how busy you may think youare, you must find time for reading, or surrender yourself to self-chosenignorance." Modern computer age reading materials so far referred to as real books,newspapers and magazines are being replaced by e-books, onlinenewspapers and magazines. Computer reading is also a good skill much needed in modern lifestyle. Professor Monica Rosen, Professor of Department of Education at the Universityof Gothenburg, Sweden: "Reading ability falls as leisure use of computersincreases.” Studies state that computer activities have impaired reading skills considerably,because the computers have stolen the time that had been spent for leisurereading. Reading skill is not as simple as it requires not only physical but also mental andemotional readiness Computer usage causes eye strain by the monitors glare and also causesdiscomfort by the position in front of the computer. This results in an aversion forreading.Reading Habit in the electronic environment
D.C. Denison, Boston Globe“The Internetmay be theworlds greatestlibrary, but letsface it - all thebooks arescattered on thefloor.”Image taken fromhttp://thebookwormsdiary.blogspot.com/
Make reading skill a positive development of electronicenvironment Computer can well be used positively to tune up specific skills of reading. Reading has always been a pleasurable habit. Computer can make it most enjoyable andhelp as the most valuable source of knowledge Mahmood (2004, pp.35-41) claimed that libraries play an important role in promoting thereading habits in any society. Mahmood (2004, pp. 18-24) is of the view that reading is necessary to fulfill the demands ofthe modern technological age. Reading habits are the practices of people todeliberately seek reading material and devote time toreading. The need for information and knowledgemotivates people toward reading. Reading is a sourceof pleasure, intellectual satisfaction and knowledgeattainment.
Research Questions ? Purposes of this study were to investigate if computer technologyhad changed BCA college students‟ reading habits and if theironline reading habits were associated with the demographicvariables, such as gender, age, academicperformance, employment status, and online hours.Therefore, the following research questions will guide this study: Do college students read online information more often than offlineinformation in a general week? What do college students usually do and read when they surf on theInternet? To what extent do students‟ reading habits and their demographicalvariables, such as gender, age, education levels, employmentstatus, and personal online hours related?
METHOD Participants:The participants for this study were 124 BCA College Students of PostgraduateGovt. College, randomly selected on college campus in Una, Himachal Pradesh. Instrument and Procedure:42-item questionnaire is designed for this study (see Appendix A). First, theresearcher generated items based on the intended purposes and the possibleresearch questions. Then, the researcher had peer review of the questionnaire fromtwo colleagues. The researcher and the teachers discussed the flaws of thequestionnaire, and revised the first draft of the questionnaire. Third, the researcherbrought the questionnaire to a writing class of 23 for a pilot study. Fourth, afterreviewing the results of the pilot study, the researcher revised the questionnaire anddeveloped it to current questionnaire. Finally, the researcher distributed questionnaireson campus (e.g. in the canteen, in the library, in the classrooms, with three students‟help. Those students stayed onsite, invited students to complete thequestionnaires, waited for their responses, and collected back those questionnaires.Totally, 124 valid questionnaires were collected. After gathering the questionnaire, datawere analyzed through totaling the frequency and percentages of responses for eachof the 42 items with SPSS 12.0 for Windows. Crosstabs and Chi-square test wereconducted to analyze the data. The pair-wise comparison using the Holm‟s SequentialBonferroni Method was employed to detect the relationship between reading habitsand students‟ demographic variables.
RESULTSPaper-based vs. Computer-based ReadingThe first question asked if college students read morecomputer-based information than paper-based information in ageneral week.Table 1 showed that 83.9% of them read online informationand 69.3% of the students read emails frequently everyweek, while only 31.4% of students read newspaper, 33.1% ofthem read magazines, 32.3%of them read textbooks, and 19.3%of them read novels often in a general week. Meanwhile, 37.9%of students rarely read novels and 17.7% of them never readnovels
Contents of Online ReadingThe second question was “What do college students usually doand read when they surf on the Internet?”As is shown in Table 2, students tend to check emails (63.7%),listen to music (79%), chat with friends (82.2%), use MSNmessenger (54.8%), read information (81.4%), view photo album(69.3%), use Yahoo messenger (76.6%), shop (5.6%), and playgames (50%) when they go online.
Table 2. Things Students do OnlineThings they do onlineby ranking orderYesN (%)NoN (%)Check e-mailListen to musicChat with friendsUse MSN messengerRead informationView photo albumUse Yahoo messengerShopPlay game79(63.7)98(79)102(82.2)68 (54.8)101 (81.4)86 (69.3)95 (76.6)7 (5.6)62 (50.0)45(36.2)26(21)22 (17.7)56 (45.2)23 (18.5)38 (30.7)29 (23.4)117 (94.3)62 (50.0)
Online Information that College Student read onlineTable 3 indicated that college students are reading news (48.4%), emails(68.6%), sales information (38.7%), movie review (37.1%), and fashion news(59.7%) than any other online information. Students seldom read magazines(46%), e-books (58%), stories (56.4%), journal articles (62.1%), horoscopes(37.9%), weather (39.5%), health (37.1%), comic strips (51.6%), jokes (50.8%),sports (50.8%), jobs (46.8%), and food information (36.3%). Therefore, collegestudents read emails and fashion more often than any other online information.And students rarely read e-books, stories, and journal articles online.
Online Information that College Studentseek Moreover, students‟ topics of interest by ranking are displayed inTable 4. They are entertainment, news & media, computer &internet, recreation and sports, references, arts & humanities,health, business & economy, education, government, andscience in sequence. Entertainment and media have morepercentages than other topics. Business & economy, education,government, and science have lower frequency and percentagesthan any other item.
Table 4. Students’ Topics of Interest Online by RankingTopics of Interest N (%)EntertainmentNews & MediaComputer & InternetRecreation & SportsReferencesArts & HumanitiesHealthBusiness & EconomyEducationGovernmentScience44 (35.5)38 (30.6)16 (12.9)10 (8.1)5 (4.0)4 (3.2)3 (2.4)1 (0.8)1 (0.8)1 (0.8)1 (0.8Total 124 (100)
CHANGING ROLE OF LIBRARIES To serve the mobile patrons remotely is no doubt a challenge for thelibrary is vital for enhancing the quality of E – learning and distanceeducation in all its aspects. Particularly a backbone in the form of digital library is needed whereinformation resources are converted in the digital form, stored inmultimedia repositories and made available through digital platformsand web – based services. The library will have to transform into E – mobile library providingservices on the 24/7 basis and in the personalized manner Developing an exclusive Library Web Portal, building institutionalrepository and enriching them are thus important responsibilities for thelibrary. Tools like Data Mining, Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 and their futureversions will have to be routinely used for this purpose.
age’services encompassing the following facts: Instructing „invisible‟ library users who remotelyaccess information. Developing best practices for Web andinformation searching to minimize the informationover load and resulting anxiety. Bringing the library contents in the work flow ofthe users through mobile services. Imparting information literacy covering libraryliteracy, media literacy, computer literacy,internet literacy, research literacy and criticalthinking. Managing man – machine collaboration. Promoting E – Learning and E – Research.
To sum up The nature of reading habit undergoes drasticchanges. Now the potential user can access,browse and borrow the information from theelectronic libraries, sitting at home at his terminal.Similarly, wide exposure to the „thrust information‟to the user may induce and the reading habit.Periodical orientation and training in use andhandling of information and database networksmay create curiosity among the users to go in forextra reading.
CONCLUSION The results of this study revealed that students read online information more oftenthan offline information. The results also indicated that gender is related to reading news and jokes online. Ageis related to reading news, sales information, and horoscopes online. Education levelis tied to reading newspaper and magazine online. In our society today, while technology is slowly taking a steady control over individuallives, the reading. Students now lack the skill of reading. Instead they spend morehours on electronic media. Browsing the net, playing with funky handsets and passingnon-stop SMSs seem to be the order of the day, thereby making reading a book or anyother piece of written material in a quiet or peaceful corner of a library or homebecome an archaic idea for most school children and adults .Reading habit is fastvanishing into thin air (The Hindu, 2004). Information revolution is posing several challenges to the library and we are bound tochange accordingly. Influence of electronic and digital technology may lead to “Less – Paper” Society, but,“both books and electronics documents are going to stay side by side, and each has adefinite role to play in „information communication‟ . Despite the global information infrastructure, Information High – ways, Opticaltechnology, KNOW BOT, Multimedia, Hypermedia, Virtual Library, etc. The domain ofprint media do exists and with all advanced technologies peripherals, may further givea boost to reading and reading habit. And this is an important goal for researchers who are interested in the impact ofcomputer technology on students‟ reading behaviors, since we all have to follow theflow of technology when mice and keyboard as well as iPod dominate the world.