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Climate zones
 

Climate zones

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    Climate zones Climate zones Presentation Transcript

    • Tropical Wet & Dry
    • Tropical Wet & Dry ● Location: Located near the Equator on the outside edges of the Tropical Wet – India, C. Africa. ● Temperature: 68-77 degrees ● Precipitation: This zone experiences two distinct seasons (wet & dry). – Dry season: >4 inches of rain. – Wet seasons: +25 inches of rain. ● Vegetation: grasses, shrubs, few trees. ● Influences Climate: changing wind and ocean currents. (Monsoons)
    • Arid
    • Arid ● Location: Most deserts are found along the 30 degree latitude line (north and south of the equator). – Southwest Asia, North Africa ● Temperature: can range from -30-130 degrees. (Arid means dry not HOT) ● Precipitation: >10 inches of rain a year. ● Vegetation: The plants often have long roots and are spaced out. Some examples are scrub bushes, grasses, and cactus. ● Influences the climate? 1. Rain shadow affect 2. Dry air patterns
    • Highlands
    • Highland ● Location: high elevation – Mt. Kilimanjaro, Plateau of Tibet ● Temperatures: temperature drops about 3 degrees every 1000 feet in elevation. So, the temperatures in Highland depends on the elevation.  ● Precipitation: varies with elevation. ● Vegetation: vegetation might be normal at the base but vegetation become sparse as you move up to the mountain eventually no vegetation can survive ● Influences Climate:
    • Humid Continental
    • Humid Continental (what we have..) ● Location: interior of continents between the 30 and 60 degrees latitude ● Temperature: Humid Continental climate is one of the few climates with 4 different season. (0-100!) ● Precipitation: Between 20 and 50 inches of rain falls in this climate zone. Almost all regions with this climate experience snow. ● Vegetation: A wide variety of plants are found in this region. This climate is excellent for farming since it has warm summers and regular rainfall.   ● Influences Climate: far away from equator less direct sunlight. No large bodies of water nearby for “insulation”
    • Tropical Wet
    • Tropical Wet ● Location: Found near equator. (C. Africa, SE Asia) ● Temperature: only 1 season. Stays warms and wet year-round. 60-80 degrees. ● 100-300 inches a rain a year! ● Vegetation: only zone that can support “true” rainforests. Rainforests cover only 6% of the Earth but produce 40% of the oxygen. Contains half the world's animal and plant life. ● Influences the Climate: near the equator receives direct sunlight.
    • Mediterranean
    • Mediterranean ● Location: 30o and 45o degree latitudes.  (mostly found around the Mediterranean  duh...) ● Temperature: The climate is known for  warm to hot, dry summers (70s) and mild  to cool, wet winters (30-65 degrees).  ● Precipitation: very dry during summer  months, wet during winter months. (20  inches a year) ● Vegetation: Plants in Mediterranean  climate must be able to survive long dry  summers. (shrubs & grasses) ● Influences Climate: large bodies of water keeps it cool in  Summer months, and mild in the winters.
    • Semi Arid
    • Semi Arid ● Location: Semiarid climate is always found on the outer edge of Arid climate areas. Think of Semiarid as a transition climate between dry and wetter places. – Sahel (edges of Sahara) ● Temperature: depends on the location/latitude. (similar to Arid). ● Precipitation: Considered semiarid if it averages between 10-20 in./year Some years these places may get 20-40 inches of rain, but sometimes 5-10 inches. (unpredictable for humans). ● Vegetation: scattered trees, shrubs,grasses. Adaptions to persevere water. Influences climate: seasonal changes in wind and ocean currents bring dry and “wetter” seasons.
    • Humid Subtropical
    • Humid Subtropical ● Location: The Humid Subtropical climate is found on the east coast of continents between 20o and 40o north and south of the equator. ● Temperature: stays about 70 throughout the year. Slight cool down during winter months. ● Precipitation: around 48 inches a year. High temperatures cause evaporation high humidity. ● Vegetation: mainly evergreen trees, bushes, and shrubs. Many plants can be farmed here since the growing season is sometimes 8 months long. ● Influences Climate?