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Sec3 - Why Does Uneven Development Exist Part 5


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Sec3 - Why Does Uneven Development Exist Part 5

  1. 1. Why does uneven development exist?
  2. 2. <ul><li>Who is he? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical reason
  4. 4. Singapore's flag during British Colonial Period (1946-1959)
  5. 7. Colonialism <ul><li>The domination of a more powerful country over another country. </li></ul><ul><li>Dominated country as the colony </li></ul><ul><li>The more powerful country as the colonial power. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Colonialism <ul><li>Colonial Master </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Netherlands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indonesia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. Colonialism <ul><li>Colonial power wanted to obtain raw materials which could not be found or grown in their own countries due to different climate conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore resulted in a strong relationship between colonial power and their colonies. </li></ul>
  8. 12. Coffee bean
  9. 13. Cocoa
  10. 14. Cotton
  11. 15. Colonialism <ul><li>With advancement of technology, colonial powers were able to add value to these raw materials by converting them into useful products. </li></ul><ul><li>And sold them a higher price for profit. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial power became richer and developed their economy to become developed countries. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Colonialism <ul><li>In colonies, development was slow. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though there was development in infrastructure (roads & railways) to facilitate the movement of cash crops. </li></ul><ul><li>However, other aspects were not developed such as education and environment sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore colonies remained poor. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Colonialism <ul><li>The disparity in development continued to widen as the DCs continued to develop technology and industrialize further </li></ul><ul><li>While the former colonies continued to export low-value raw materials from which they gained little profit. </li></ul>
  14. 26. Presence of raw materials <ul><li>Countries with plenty raw materials tend to develop faster than countries that have a few or none. </li></ul><ul><li>Money earned from selling raw materials can be spend on projects to develop the country. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water treatment plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewage system </li></ul></ul>
  15. 34. <ul><li>What do you think of the sanitation ? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it hygienic? </li></ul>
  16. 37. <ul><li>Do you dare to use the toilet bowl? </li></ul>
  17. 40. Climate <ul><li>Which is the best climate to grow crops? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperate or tropical? </li></ul></ul>
  18. 41. Where is the best location to grow crops?
  19. 42. Technology <ul><li>Advancement in technology can overcome many limitations. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaimed lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terracing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mountainous areas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greenhouse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control the temperature </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irrigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of rainfall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-tech farming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Overcome infertile soil </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 49. What method did Singapore used? <ul><ul><li>Seabed had to be made stable by columns of sand (piles) to ensure land will not collapse. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 50. Landfill method <ul><ul><li>A sand wall will be built to keep out sea water </li></ul></ul>
  22. 51. Landfill method <ul><ul><li>The sand at the bottom will be removed and spread it around the area. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 52. Landfill method <ul><ul><li>The sand is compressed and a granite wall is built by the seaside to prevent erosion </li></ul></ul>
  24. 53. Landfill method <ul><ul><li>Vegetation are grown to prevent soil erosion </li></ul></ul>
  25. 54. Empoldering <ul><li>A dike is constructed around the area to be reclaimed to keep water from coming in. </li></ul>
  26. 55. Empoldering <ul><li>The area is drained using pumps and drainage canals. </li></ul>
  27. 56. Empoldering <ul><li>Reeds, a type of plant are sown by aircraft to help the soil form. </li></ul>
  28. 57. Empoldering <ul><li>After 3 years, the reeds are burnt and the ash is used as fertilizers for the soil. </li></ul>
  29. 58. Empoldering <ul><li>After 15 years, the polder is ready for growing crops, building houses and construction of roads. </li></ul>
  30. 67. Aeroponics
  31. 68. Uncontrollable Climate <ul><li>Floods </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts </li></ul>
  32. 73. Economic reasons <ul><li>Cumulative causation / multiplier effect </li></ul>Development of new industry in the core Increase in employment and population Increase in general wealth of people in the core New businesses are set up; existing businesses expand Increase in demand for goods and services Expansion of infrastructure and services to meet increasing needs of people
  33. 74. Economic reasons <ul><li>Backwash effect </li></ul>Core Periphery Core Periphery Labour & materials Wealth & knowledge Backwash effect Spread effect