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Life in the middle ages

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Lecture over peasant life, noble life, knights, chivalry and courtly love in the middle ages.

Lecture over peasant life, noble life, knights, chivalry and courtly love in the middle ages.

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  • 1. Life in the Middle Ages Nobles, Knights, & Peasants
  • 2.
    • _____ = peasants who were bound to the land like a slave.
    • ______ were fortified bases
    • Castles usually built on _____ or ______ that were defendable
    • ________ was the main part of the castle
    • ______was a way to advance a man ’s fortune
    • A boy had to pass through two stages of training to become a _____
    • A ______ Learned Knightly manners & how to care for weapons
    • During the teenage years a Page became a ______
    • _______ was a system of rules for knights
  • 3. Peasant Life
    • Peasants life very difficult
      • Had to spend long hours in the field
    • Serfs = peasants who were bound to the land like a slave.
    • Peasants Meals
      • Black bread
      • Lentils
      • Various vegetables
      • Very seldom ate meat, could not hunt on lords land and livestock was used for work.
    • Life expectancy short because of
      • Disease
      • Starvation
      • Warefare
  • 4. Nobles ’ Lifestyle
    • The upper class not as rich as we believe
      • Most did not live in large castles
    • Castles were fortified bases
      • The lord enforced his authority from a castle
      • Early middle ages castles made of earth and wood
      • Later middle ages castles made of stone
      • Castles usually built on hills or landforms that were defendable
  • 5. Nobles ’ Lifestyles Continued
    • Castle Design
      • If castle on flat land a moat was around it to add protection
      • A drawbridge extended across the moat for entry into castle courtyard
      • “ KEEP” was the main part of the castle
        • Keep was strong tower had storerooms
        • Workshops
        • Barracks
        • Lords living quarters
      • Castle had thick walls and small windows with no glass
      • Rooms were dark and cold
    • Lord depended on his wife and family for help
    • Marriage was away to advance a man ’s fortune
      • Could Acquire land
      • Would acquire children also that cost money
      • Lords gave their daughters doweries
  • 6.  
  • 7. Castle in Germany
  • 8. Castle in Germany
  • 9. Inner Walls of a Castle
  • 10. Inner Walls of a Castle
  • 11. Nobles Bed
  • 12. Nobles Bed in Penhow Castle
  • 13. Oxford Castle Sink
  • 14. Castle Plumbing
  • 15. Toilet
  • 16. Toilet
  • 17. Building A Castle
  • 18. Knights
    • Requirement to be a Knight
      • Boy must belong to noble class
      • A boy had to pass through two stages of training to become a knight
        • Age of seven he became a Page
          • A Page Learned Knightly manners & how to care for weapons
        • During the teenage years a Page became a Squire
          • Took care of Knights horse, armor, & weapons
          • Squires would start training to become a Knight
          • Squires practiced jousting on a quintain
          • Most of their day was spent taking care of their Lord or training to fight
    • When fully trained and proven in battle as a Squire an elaborate ceremony was held where he would be Knighted
  • 19. Knight with Lance
  • 20. Armored Horse
  • 21. Squires Training with Weapons
  • 22. Knights Training
  • 23. Squire Training to Joust with Quintain
  • 24. Knights Jousting
  • 25. Jousting
  • 26. Jousting
  • 27. Knights Weapons
  • 28. Weapons
  • 29. Charging with Lances
  • 30. Knights Horses
  • 31. Knights Horses
  • 32. Knights Horses
  • 33. Knights Training
  • 34. Chivalry
    • Late 1100s code of conduct called Chivalry
      • Brought major changes to feudal society
    • Chivalry was a system of rules for knights
      • Dictated how knights treated others
    • Chivalry comes from French word cheval
      • Means Horse refers to knights being mounted soldiers
  • 35. Ten Commandments of Code of Chivalry
    • Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions
    • Thou shalt defend the Church
    • Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them
    • Thou shalt love the country in which thou wast born
    • Thou shalt not recoil before thine enemy
    • Thou shalt make war against the infidel without cessation, and without mercy
  • 36. Ten Commandments of Chivalry from Chivalry by Leon Gautier
    • Thou shalt never lie, and shall remain faithful to thy pledged word
    • Thou shalt be generous, and give largess to everyone
    • Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil
  • 37. The Code of Chivlary from the Rifts: England Supplement
    • Live to serve King and Country
    • Live to defend Crown and Country and all it holds dear
    • Live one ’s life so that it is worthy of respect and honor
    • Live for freedom, justice and all that is good
    • Never attack and unarmed foe
    • Never use a weapon on an opponent not equal to the attack
    • Never attack from behind
    • Avoid lying to your fellow man
    • Avoid cheating
    • Avoid torture
    • Obey the law of king, country, and chivalry
    • Administer justice
  • 38. Continued
    • Protect the innocent
    • Exhibit self control
    • Show respect to authority
    • Respect women
    • Exhibit Courage in word and deed
    • Defend the weak and innocent
    • Destroy evil in all of its monstrous forms
    • Fight with honor
    • Avenge the wronged
    • Never abandon a friend, ally, or noble
    • Die with VALOR
    • Always keep one ’s word of honor
  • 39. Continued
    • Always maintain one ’s principles
    • Never betray a confidence or comrade
    • Avoid deception
    • Respect life and freedom
    • Die with honor
    • Exhibit manners
    • Be polite and attentive
    • Be respectful of host, women, and honor
    • Loyalty to country, King, honor, freedom, and the code of chivalry
    • Loyalty to one ’s friends and those who lay their trust in thee
  • 40. Twelve Chief Rules in Courtly Love The Art of Courtly Love by Andreas Capellanus
    • Thou shalt avoid avarice like the deadly pestilence and shalt embrace its opposite
    • Thou chalt keep thyself chaste for the sake of her whom thou lovest
    • Thou shalt not knowingly strive to break up a correct love affair that someone else is engaged in
    • Thou shalt not chose for thy love anyone whom a natural sense of shame forbids thee to marry
    • Be mindful completely to avoid falsehood
    • Thou shalt not have many who know of thy love affair
  • 41. Courtly Love Continuted
    • Being obedient in all things to the commands of ladies, thou shalt ever strive to ally thyself to the service of Love
    • In giving and receiving love ’s solaces let modesty be ever present
    • Thou shalt speak no evil
    • Thou shalt not be a revealer of love affairs
    • Thou shalt be in all things polite and courteous
    • In practising the solaces of love thou shalt not exceed the desires of thy lover
  • 42. More Courtly Love
    • Marriage is no real reason for not loving
    • He who is not jealous cannot love
    • No one can be bound by a double love
    • Boys do not love till they reach the age of maturity
    • When one lover dies a widowhood of two years is required of the survivor
    • No one should be deprived of love with out the very best of reasons
    • It is not proper to love any women whom one would be ashamed to marry
    • When made public love rarely endures
    • Every lover regularly turns pale in the presence of his beloved
  • 43.
    • Real jealousy always increases the feeling of love
    • Jealousy increases when one suspects his beloved
    • He whom the thought of love vexes eats and sleeps very little
    • A slight presumption causes a lover to suspect his beloved
    • A man who is vexed by too much passion usually does not love
    • Nothing forbids one woman from being loved by tow men or one man by two women