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Life in the middle ages


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Lecture over peasant life, noble life, knights, chivalry and courtly love in the middle ages.

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Life in the middle ages

  1. 1. Life in the Middle Ages Nobles, Knights, & Peasants
  2. 2. <ul><li>_____ = peasants who were bound to the land like a slave. </li></ul><ul><li>______ were fortified bases </li></ul><ul><li>Castles usually built on _____ or ______ that were defendable </li></ul><ul><li>________ was the main part of the castle </li></ul><ul><li>______was a way to advance a man ’s fortune </li></ul><ul><li>A boy had to pass through two stages of training to become a _____ </li></ul><ul><li>A ______ Learned Knightly manners & how to care for weapons </li></ul><ul><li>During the teenage years a Page became a ______ </li></ul><ul><li>_______ was a system of rules for knights </li></ul>
  3. 3. Peasant Life <ul><li>Peasants life very difficult </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had to spend long hours in the field </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Serfs = peasants who were bound to the land like a slave. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants Meals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Black bread </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lentils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Various vegetables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very seldom ate meat, could not hunt on lords land and livestock was used for work. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy short because of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starvation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warefare </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Nobles ’ Lifestyle <ul><li>The upper class not as rich as we believe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most did not live in large castles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Castles were fortified bases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The lord enforced his authority from a castle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early middle ages castles made of earth and wood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later middle ages castles made of stone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Castles usually built on hills or landforms that were defendable </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Nobles ’ Lifestyles Continued <ul><li>Castle Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If castle on flat land a moat was around it to add protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A drawbridge extended across the moat for entry into castle courtyard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ KEEP” was the main part of the castle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keep was strong tower had storerooms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lords living quarters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Castle had thick walls and small windows with no glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rooms were dark and cold </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lord depended on his wife and family for help </li></ul><ul><li>Marriage was away to advance a man ’s fortune </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Could Acquire land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would acquire children also that cost money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lords gave their daughters doweries </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Castle in Germany
  7. 8. Castle in Germany
  8. 9. Inner Walls of a Castle
  9. 10. Inner Walls of a Castle
  10. 11. Nobles Bed
  11. 12. Nobles Bed in Penhow Castle
  12. 13. Oxford Castle Sink
  13. 14. Castle Plumbing
  14. 15. Toilet
  15. 16. Toilet
  16. 17. Building A Castle
  17. 18. Knights <ul><li>Requirement to be a Knight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boy must belong to noble class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A boy had to pass through two stages of training to become a knight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age of seven he became a Page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Page Learned Knightly manners & how to care for weapons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>During the teenage years a Page became a Squire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Took care of Knights horse, armor, & weapons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Squires would start training to become a Knight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Squires practiced jousting on a quintain </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most of their day was spent taking care of their Lord or training to fight </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>When fully trained and proven in battle as a Squire an elaborate ceremony was held where he would be Knighted </li></ul>
  18. 19. Knight with Lance
  19. 20. Armored Horse
  20. 21. Squires Training with Weapons
  21. 22. Knights Training
  22. 23. Squire Training to Joust with Quintain
  23. 24. Knights Jousting
  24. 25. Jousting
  25. 26. Jousting
  26. 27. Knights Weapons
  27. 28. Weapons
  28. 29. Charging with Lances
  29. 30. Knights Horses
  30. 31. Knights Horses
  31. 32. Knights Horses
  32. 33. Knights Training
  33. 34. Chivalry <ul><li>Late 1100s code of conduct called Chivalry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought major changes to feudal society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chivalry was a system of rules for knights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictated how knights treated others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chivalry comes from French word cheval </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Means Horse refers to knights being mounted soldiers </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. Ten Commandments of Code of Chivalry <ul><li>Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt defend the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt love the country in which thou wast born </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt not recoil before thine enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt make war against the infidel without cessation, and without mercy </li></ul>
  35. 36. Ten Commandments of Chivalry from Chivalry by Leon Gautier <ul><li>Thou shalt never lie, and shall remain faithful to thy pledged word </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt be generous, and give largess to everyone </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil </li></ul>
  36. 37. The Code of Chivlary from the Rifts: England Supplement <ul><li>Live to serve King and Country </li></ul><ul><li>Live to defend Crown and Country and all it holds dear </li></ul><ul><li>Live one ’s life so that it is worthy of respect and honor </li></ul><ul><li>Live for freedom, justice and all that is good </li></ul><ul><li>Never attack and unarmed foe </li></ul><ul><li>Never use a weapon on an opponent not equal to the attack </li></ul><ul><li>Never attack from behind </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid lying to your fellow man </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid cheating </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid torture </li></ul><ul><li>Obey the law of king, country, and chivalry </li></ul><ul><li>Administer justice </li></ul>
  37. 38. Continued <ul><li>Protect the innocent </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibit self control </li></ul><ul><li>Show respect to authority </li></ul><ul><li>Respect women </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibit Courage in word and deed </li></ul><ul><li>Defend the weak and innocent </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy evil in all of its monstrous forms </li></ul><ul><li>Fight with honor </li></ul><ul><li>Avenge the wronged </li></ul><ul><li>Never abandon a friend, ally, or noble </li></ul><ul><li>Die with VALOR </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep one ’s word of honor </li></ul>
  38. 39. Continued <ul><li>Always maintain one ’s principles </li></ul><ul><li>Never betray a confidence or comrade </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid deception </li></ul><ul><li>Respect life and freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Die with honor </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibit manners </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite and attentive </li></ul><ul><li>Be respectful of host, women, and honor </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty to country, King, honor, freedom, and the code of chivalry </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty to one ’s friends and those who lay their trust in thee </li></ul>
  39. 40. Twelve Chief Rules in Courtly Love The Art of Courtly Love by Andreas Capellanus <ul><li>Thou shalt avoid avarice like the deadly pestilence and shalt embrace its opposite </li></ul><ul><li>Thou chalt keep thyself chaste for the sake of her whom thou lovest </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt not knowingly strive to break up a correct love affair that someone else is engaged in </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt not chose for thy love anyone whom a natural sense of shame forbids thee to marry </li></ul><ul><li>Be mindful completely to avoid falsehood </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt not have many who know of thy love affair </li></ul>
  40. 41. Courtly Love Continuted <ul><li>Being obedient in all things to the commands of ladies, thou shalt ever strive to ally thyself to the service of Love </li></ul><ul><li>In giving and receiving love ’s solaces let modesty be ever present </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt speak no evil </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt not be a revealer of love affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Thou shalt be in all things polite and courteous </li></ul><ul><li>In practising the solaces of love thou shalt not exceed the desires of thy lover </li></ul>
  41. 42. More Courtly Love <ul><li>Marriage is no real reason for not loving </li></ul><ul><li>He who is not jealous cannot love </li></ul><ul><li>No one can be bound by a double love </li></ul><ul><li>Boys do not love till they reach the age of maturity </li></ul><ul><li>When one lover dies a widowhood of two years is required of the survivor </li></ul><ul><li>No one should be deprived of love with out the very best of reasons </li></ul><ul><li>It is not proper to love any women whom one would be ashamed to marry </li></ul><ul><li>When made public love rarely endures </li></ul><ul><li>Every lover regularly turns pale in the presence of his beloved </li></ul>
  42. 43. <ul><li>Real jealousy always increases the feeling of love </li></ul><ul><li>Jealousy increases when one suspects his beloved </li></ul><ul><li>He whom the thought of love vexes eats and sleeps very little </li></ul><ul><li>A slight presumption causes a lover to suspect his beloved </li></ul><ul><li>A man who is vexed by too much passion usually does not love </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing forbids one woman from being loved by tow men or one man by two women </li></ul>