The music of Cuba, which includes the instruments and dance, is mostly of Spanish and African (slaves) origin. Large numbers of Spanish and African people came to Cuba and brought their own forms of music.
The Africans made drums which include, the bongos, congas, and the bata. They also introduced the claves and the cajon.
The Spanish brought the guitar and musical notion and composition.
The result of mixing the two cultures is called creolized.
The son, is the most important genre of Cuban music. It is the most flexible form of Latin music traditions. It mixes, bongos, claves, Spanish guitar, bass, trumpet and piano.
The roots of most Afro-Cuban music come from the cabildos, self-organized social clubs for separate cultures.
1930-Don Aziazu had the first million-selling record of Cuba, with The Peanut Vendor. Other Cuban musicians of influence were Xavier Cugat and his big band, and Desi Arnez of Babalu, and I Love Lucy.
1940-50s-Chanto Pozo formed part of the bebop revolution, playing with Dizzy Gillespie and Machito in New York. Armando Romeu Jr., led the Tropicana Cabaret orchestra, and Damaso Perez Prado had numerous hits in the 40s, and Benny More was considered one of the greatest Cuban singers of all time. The Mambo had a great influence on the bugaloo and the salsa. Violinist Enrique Jorrin invented the chachacha, and Ray Barretto and Tito Puente and others brought there ideas to the U.S.