American urbanization & new york city


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American urbanization & new york city

  1. 1. American Urbanization & New York City Guy Heffernan
  2. 2. Episode 1 <ul><li>1609-English explorer Henry Hudson, sailing for the Dutch, anchors off Manhattan’s shore. </li></ul><ul><li>1613-Dutch fur merchant Adrian Block establishes a bass for trade. His ship the Tyger, burns, the local Indians, the Lenapes, help feed him and his crew. </li></ul><ul><li>1621-The Dutch West India Co. is formed to trade in the new world. </li></ul><ul><li>1626- The Dutch buy Manhattan from the Lenapes, who thought the deal was only temporary. </li></ul><ul><li>The tiny settlement at the tip of the island is named New Amsterdam. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>1627-Eleven African men are brought in as slaves for the Dutch West India Co. </li></ul><ul><li>1637-Staten Island is acquired by the Dutch. </li></ul><ul><li>1639-Jonas Brock buys the Bronx from the Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>1643-The Dutch military massacres 120 Lenape Indians in Kleft’s War. </li></ul><ul><li>1646- The slave trade begins in New Netherland. Buying and selling Africans and Indians. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1647-Peter Stuyvesant becomes Governor of New Amsterdam. </li></ul><ul><li>1653- New Amsterdam receives a city charter and a 9ft. Wall is built along the northern edge of the city. </li></ul><ul><li>1658-New Harlem is founded. </li></ul><ul><li>1664-The Dutch surrender to the English and the city is renamed New York. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1676-The Great Dock is built on the East River and will serve as city's harbor for 74yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>1683-King’s County is named after King Charles II, Queens is named after Queen Catherine of Brganza. </li></ul><ul><li>1700-Wars, epidemics, and displacement, reduce the Lenape Indians to about 200. </li></ul><ul><li>1735-The principles of freedom of the press is established by printer John Peter Zenger’s case. </li></ul><ul><li>1763-The Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>1765-Congress meets on Wall Street. </li></ul><ul><li>1774-Alexander Hamilton, a college student, speaks out against British aggression. </li></ul><ul><li>1776-George Washington’s army arrives in New York, looses a battle with the British, and escapes at night across the East River. The city is in British hands for 7yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>1783-The British troops leave N.Y. and General Washington’s army, triumphantly marches in to New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>1784-N.Y.C. becomes the first State Capital in U.S. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>1788-The Society of Tammany Hall is founded. </li></ul><ul><li>1789-George Washington is inaugurated in Federal Hall on Wall St. </li></ul><ul><li>1790-The nation’s capital is moved to Philadelphia. </li></ul><ul><li>1799-The N.Y. act for the Gradual Emancipation of Negros and other slaves is passed. </li></ul><ul><li>1801-The Brooklyn Navy Yard opens. </li></ul><ul><li>1804-Alexander Hamilton is shot dead in a duel with Aaron Burr. </li></ul><ul><li>1807-Robert Fulton’s Clermont, steams up the Hudson. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>1811-N.Y. street grid system is adopted. </li></ul><ul><li>1820-Manhattan is the largest city in the Nation. </li></ul><ul><li>1825-The Erie Canal opens to the great lakes, through the Hudson River. </li></ul>
  9. 9. EPISODE III <ul><li>1863-The Draft Riots, started by the immigrant Irish and joined by others, 125 people die. </li></ul><ul><li>1866-The first Board of Health is formed in N.Y.C. </li></ul><ul><li>1863-Stock market crashes. </li></ul><ul><li>1869-The American Museum of Natural History opens. </li></ul><ul><li>1871-The Tweed Ring, of the corrupt Tammany Hall is exposed. </li></ul><ul><li>1880-The Metropolitan Museum of Art opens. </li></ul><ul><li>1882-Edison’s steam-driven dynamos‘ on Pearl St. starts the world’s first power plant. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>1883-Brooklyn Bridge opens, after 14yrs. Of construction. </li></ul><ul><li>1886-France’s Statue of Liberty is dedicated on Bedloe’s Island. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>1890-1 million people live in 37,316 tenement houses. Jacob Rills publishes, How The Other Half Lives. 80 percent of city’s population has foreign born parents. </li></ul><ul><li>1892-Ellis Island becomes U.S. Immigration Center. </li></ul><ul><li>1893-Stock Market crashes, and starts a 4 year depression. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>1896-The Botanical Garden opens in the Bronx. </li></ul><ul><li>1898-Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, and Staten Island, consolidate to become the 5 borough New York City. </li></ul>