Poststructuralism<br />making sense of human reality is largely dependent on linguistic and visual signs<br />these signs are often attributed with meanings that seem more fixed and stable than they really are<br />thus the relationship between the signifier (sound-image of a word) and the signified (concept) is always unstable<br />meaning is fluid and indeterminate<br />poststructural criticism seeks to undo the authority of text by disclosing contradictions of logic and meaning in the text<br />
Frames of Reference <br />everyday life is ordered or “framed” by conventional conceptual schemas which delineate the ordinary, typical situations we experience (what Jerome Bruner calls a “canonicity of human action”)<br />readers approach works with a background of experience and a knowledge of frames which enable them to develop expectations<br />authors can play with that expectation, both using it and overturning it<br />
Intertextuality<br />all texts exist in relationship with other texts (texts broadly defined)<br />a text is linked to other texts by reminiscences, similarities, reworkings, generic affiliations, intellectual contexts, story patterns<br />intertextuality highlights the wealth of connections and experiences readers bring to the text<br />
Some questions<br />Think about how this book exploits the way signs are both conventional and unstable.<br />How is Joseph’s frame of reference changed?<br />What do the pictures on the wall in Joseph’s room signify? <br />What do pictures in the background signify?<br />Why does Joseph shut himself in a darkened room?<br />
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